62. The Case of One Who Makes a Will for al-Hajj, and It Is Performed from a Place Other than What the Will Requires, or the Will Says Something Less in al-Hajj

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ زَكَرِيَّا بْنِ آدَمَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ مَاتَ وَأَوْصَى بِحَجَّةٍ أَ يَجُوزُ أَنْ يُحَجَّ عَنْهُ مِنْ غَيْرِ الْبَلَدِ الَّذِي مَاتَ فِيهِ فَقَالَ مَا كَانَ دُونَ الْمِيقَاتِ فَلا بَأْسَ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Zakariya ibn Adam who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who has said in his will to perform al-Hajj on his behalf; if it is permissible to perform al-Hajj for him from a place other than where he has died. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful to perform it from any place before Miqat (place for assuming the state of Ihram).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/219)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ السِّنْدِيِّ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ بَشِيرٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ أُوصِيَ بِحَجَّةٍ فَلَمْ تَكْفِهِ مِنَ الْكُوفَةِ إِنَّهَا تُجْزِئُ حَجَّتُهُ مِنْ دُونِ الْوَقْتِ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Salih al-Sindiy from Ja’far ibn Bashir from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from ‘Umar ibn Yazid who has said the following: “This is about a man who in his will has said to perform al-Hajj for him and his asset is not enough to perform it from al-Kufah. Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is sufficient to perform it from any place before Miqat (place for assuming the state of Ihram).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/219)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَمُوتُ فَيُوصِي بِالْحَجِّ مِنْ أَيْنَ يُحَجُّ عَنْهُ قَالَ عَلَى قَدْرِ مَالِهِ إِنْ وَسِعَهُ مَالُهُ فَمِنْ مَنْزِلِهِ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَسَعْهُ مَالُهُ مِنْ مَنْزِلِهِ فَمِنَ الْكُوفَةِ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسَعْهُ مِنَ الْكُوفَةِ فَمِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Nasr from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who dies and says in his will to perform al-Hajj for him. Where from this al-Hajj must be performed? He (the Imam) said, ‘It is according to the amount of asset assigned for it. If it is sufficient from his home, then it must be performed from his home; if it is sufficient from al-Kufah, then it must be performed from al-Kufah if it is not sufficient, then it must be performed from al-Madinah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/220)



4ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ أَوْصَى أَنْ يُحَجَّ عَنْهُ حَجَّةُ الإِسْلامِ فَلَمْ يَبْلُغْ جَمِيعُ مَا تَرَكَ إِلاَّ خَمْسِينَ دِرْهَماً قَالَ يُحَجُّ عَنْهُ مِنْ بَعْضِ الأَوْقَاتِ الَّتِي وَقَّتَهَا رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مِنْ قُرْبٍ.


4. Ahmad ibn Muhammad from has narrated from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab who has said the following: “About a man who dies and in his will says to perform Hajjahta al-Islam for him, but his legacy is not sufficient. It is altogether fifty dirham. Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It must be performed for him from any one of the Miqat (place for assuming the state of Ihram) from which the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, assumed the state of Ihram.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/220)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ أَوْ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ عَمَّنْ سَأَلَ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ أَوْصَى بِعِشْرِينَ دِرْهَماً فِي حَجَّةٍ قَالَ يَحُجُّ بِهَا رَجُلٌ مِنْ مَوْضِعٍ بَلَغَهُ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn Sinan or a man from Muhammad ibn Sinan from ibn Muskan from abu Sa‘id who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who in his will has said to perform al- Hajj for him, but has left behind twenty dirham for al-Hajj. He (the Imam) said, ‘A man can perform it for him from wherever it is sufficient.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/220)