49. Months of al-Hajj

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ مُثَنًّى الْحَنَّاطِ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ الْحَجُّ أَشْهُرٌ مَعْلُوماتٌ شَوَّالٌ وَذُو الْقَعْدَةِ وَذُو الْحِجَّةِ لَيْسَ لأَحَدٍ أَنْ يَحُجُّ فِيمَا سِوَاهُنَّ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Muthanna’ al- Hannat from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The months of al-Hajj are well known’ (2:197); they are Shawwal, Dhu al-Qa’dah and Dhu al-Hajj ah. No one has the right to perform al-Hajj in months other than these ones.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/184)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ الْحَجُّ أَشْهُرٌ مَعْلُوماتٌ فَمَنْ فَرَضَ فِيهِنَّ الْحَجَّ وَالْفَرْضُ التَّلْبِيَةُ وَالإِشْعَارُ وَالتَّقْلِيدُ فَأَيَّ ذَلِكَ فَعَلَ فَقَدْ فَرَضَ الْحَجَّ وَلا يُفْرَضُ الْحَجُّ إِلاَّ فِي هَذِهِ الشُّهُورِ الَّتِي قَالَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ الْحَجُّ أَشْهُرٌ مَعْلُوماتٌ وَهُوَ شَوَّالٌ وَذُو الْقَعْدَةِ وَذُو الْحِجَّةِ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “This is about the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘The months of al-Hajj are well- known, so those who owe the obligation of al-Hajj in these months . . .’ (2:197) Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Talbiyah, marking the offering, and leading the offering animal are obligations. Whichever is done the duty of al-Hajj is complete. Al-Hajj is not performed except in the months that Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has called ‘well-known months’ which are Shawwal, Dhu al-Qa’dah and Dhu al-Hajj ah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/185)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بِإِسْنَادِهِ قَالَ أَشْهُرُ الْحَجِّ شَوَّالٌ وَذُو الْقَعْدَةِ وَعَشْرٌ مِنْ ذِي الْحِجَّةِ وَأَشْهُرُ السِّيَاحَةِ عِشْرُونَ مِنْ ذِي الْحِجَّةِ وَالْمُحَرَّمُ وَصَفَرُ وَشَهْرُ رَبِيعٍ الأَوَّلِ وَعَشْرٌ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَبِيعٍ الآخِرِ.


3. Ali has narrated through the same chain of his narrators has said the following: “He (the Imam) ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the months of al-Hajj are Shawwal, Dhu al-Qa’dah and ten days of Dhu al-Hajj ah. The visiting months commence from twentieth of Dhu al-Hajj ah onward and includes the month of Muharram, Safar, Rabi’ al-Awwal and ten days of Rabi‘ al-Akhir.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/185)