38. What Suffices for Hajjata al-Islam and What Does Not Suffice? (The following Chapter is best explained by fatwa).

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَسَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ جَمِيعاً عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لَوْ أَنَّ رَجُلاً مُعْسِراً أَحَجَّهُ رَجُلٌ كَانَتْ لَهُ حَجَّةٌ فَإِنْ أَيْسَرَ بَعْدُ كَانَ عَلَيْهِ الْحَجُّ وَكَذَلِكَ النَّاصِبُ إِذَا عَرَفَ فَعَلَيْهِ الْحَجُّ وَإِنْ كَانَ قَدْ حَجَّ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from and Sahl ibn Ziyad all Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Ali ibn abu Hamzah from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that if a man in a difficult condition financially performs al-Hajj with the help of an affluent man, he has one al-Hajj. If later he himself becomes affluent, he is required to perform al-Hajj. So also is the case of one who has animosity toward ’A’immah, after learning the truth is required to perform al-Hajj, even if he already has performed al-Hajj.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/158)



2ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ عِدَّةٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ مَالٌ فَحَجَّ بِهِ أُنَاسٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ أَ قَضَى حَجَّةَ الإِسْلامِ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَإِذَا أَيْسَرَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ فَعَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَحُجَّ قُلْتُ وَهَلْ تَكُونُ حَجَّتُهُ تِلْكَ تَامَّةً أَوْ نَاقِصَةً إِذَا لَمْ يَكُنْ حَجَّ مِنْ مَالِهِ قَالَ نَعَمْ يُقْضَى عَنْهُ حَجَّةُ الإِسْلامِ وَتَكُونُ تَامَّةً وَلَيْسَتْ بِنَاقِصَةٍ وَإِنْ أَيْسَرَ فَلْيَحُجَّ قَالَ وَسُئِلَ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَكُونُ لَهُ الإِبِلُ يُكْرِيهَا فَيُصِيبُ عَلَيْهَا فَيَحُجُّ وَهُوَ كَرِيٌّ تُغْنِي عَنْهُ حَجَّتُهُ أَوْ يَكُونُ يَحْمِلُ التِّجَارَةَ إِلَى مَكَّةَ فَيَحُجُّ فَيُصِيبُ الْمَالَ فِي تِجَارَتِهِ أَوْ يَضَعُ أَ تَكُونُ حَجَّتُهُ تَامَّةً أَوْ نَاقِصَةً أَوْ لا تَكُونُ حَتَّى يَذْهَبَ بِهِ إِلَى الْحَجِّ وَلا يَنْوِي غَيْرَهُ أَوْ يَكُونُ يَنْوِيهِمَا جَمِيعاً أَ يَقْضِي ذَلِكَ حَجَّتَهُ قَالَ نَعَمْ حَجَّتُهُ تَامَّةٌ.


2. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah from A number of our people have narrated from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from al-Fadl ibn ‘Abd al-Malik who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who does not have any assets but people helped him to perform al-Hajj; if it is sufficient for Hajjahta al-Islam. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, but if later he becomes affluent, he is required to perform al-Hajj again.’ I then asked, ‘The kind of al-Hajj that he has performed, is it complete or defective because he has not performed it from his own assets?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it is sufficient for Hajjahta al-Islam and it will be complete, not defective; however, if he becomes affluent he must perform al-Hajj again.’ He (the Imam) was asked about a man who has camel for hire who finds a passenger and performs al-Hajj while he is hired; is his al-Hajj sufficient Hajjah for him; also if he carries assets for trade to Makkah, then he finds a certain amount of assets from his trade or suffers losses. Is his al-Hajj complete or defective or it is not al-Hajj, unless he goes to Makkah just for al-Hajj without any intention for other things or that he has intention for al-Hajj as well as other matters? Is this kind of al-Hajj sufficient for his al-Hajj? He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, his al-Hajj is complete.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/159)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ حَجَّ عَنْ غَيْرِهِ أَ يُجْزِئُهُ ذَلِكَ مِنْ حَجَّةِ الإِسْلامِ قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ حَجَّةُ الْجَمَّالِ تَامَّةٌ أَوْ نَاقِصَةٌ قَالَ تَامَّةٌ قُلْتُ حَجَّةُ الأَجِيرِ تَامَّةٌ أَمْ نَاقِصَةٌ قَالَ تَامَّةٌ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs al-Hajj for someone else; if it is sufficient for Hajjahta al-Islam. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes it is sufficient.’ I then asked, ‘Is al- Hajj of a camel-man complete or defective?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is complete.’ I asked, ‘Is al-Hajj on hire complete or defective?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is complete.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/160)



4ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَسْأَلُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ حَجَّ وَلا يَدْرِي وَلا يَعْرِفُ هَذَا الأَمْرَ ثُمَّ مَنَّ الله عَلَيْهِ بِمَعْرِفَتِهِ وَالدَّيْنُونَةِ بِهِ أَ عَلَيْهِ حَجَّةُ الإِسْلامِ أَمْ قَدْ قَضَى قَالَ قَدْ قَضَى فَرِيضَةَ الله وَالْحَجُّ أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ وَعَنْ رَجُلٍ هُوَ فِي بَعْضِ هَذِهِ الأَصْنَافِ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْقِبْلَةِ نَاصِبٍ مُتَدَيِّنٍ ثُمَّ مَنَّ الله عَلَيْهِ فَعَرَفَ هَذَا الأَمْرَ أَ يُقْضَى عَنْهُ حَجَّةُ الإِسْلامِ أَوْ عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَحُجَّ مِنْ قَابِلٍ قَالَ الْحَجُّ أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ.


4. Ali has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Umar ibn ‘Udhaynah who has said the following: “I once wrote to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and asked him about a man who did not believe in this issue (the Divine Authority of ’A’immah); then Allah granted him understanding and belief in it. Does he still owe Hajjahta al-Islam or it is complete?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He has completed the obligation from Allah but performing al-Hajj is more beloved to me.’ I asked about a man of the people of al-Qiblah (al-Ka‘bah) who had animosity toward ’A’immah, but Allah granted him understanding and recognized this issue (the Divine Authority of ’A’immah); does this complete his Hajjahta al-Islam or he is required to perform al-Hajj in future? He (the Imam) said, ‘Al-Hajj is more beloved to me.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/161)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ قَالَ كَتَبَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِمْرَانَ الْهَمَدَانِيُّ إِلَى أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنِّي حَجَجْتُ وَأَنَا مُخَالِفٌ وَكُنْتُ صَرُورَةً فَدَخَلْتُ مُتَمَتِّعاً بِالْعُمْرَةِ إِلَى الْحَجِّ قَالَ فَكَتَبَ إِلَيْهِ أَعِدْ حَجَّكَ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ali ibn Mahziyar from who has said the following: “Ibrahim ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Umar al-Hamadaniy once wrote to abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and asked, ‘I performed al-Hajj and I was against ’A’immah, and it was my first al-Hajj; so I entered Makkah with al-‘Umrah for al-Hajj. He (the Imam) wrote to him the answer, ‘Do your al-Hajj again.”’




6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) الرَّجُلُ يَمُرُّ مُجْتَازاً يُرِيدُ الْيَمَنَ أَوْ غَيْرَهَا مِنَ الْبُلْدَانِ وَطَرِيقُهُ بِمَكَّةَ فَيُدْرِكُ النَّاسَ وَهُمْ يَخْرُجُونَ إِلَى الْحَجِّ فَيَخْرُجُ مَعَهُمْ إِلَى الْمَشَاهِدِ أَ يُجْزِئُهُ ذَلِكَ مِنْ حَجَّةِ الإِسْلامِ قَالَ نَعَمْ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu Najran from ‘Asem ibn Humayd from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who passes through Makkah on his way to Yemen or other lands and finds other people traveling for al-Hajj, so he joins them to al-Mashahid (memorial places); if it is sufficient for Hajjahta al-Islam. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it is sufficient.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/161)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) الرَّجُلُ يَخْرُجُ فِي تِجَارَةٍ إِلَى مَكَّةَ أَوْ يَكُونُ لَهُ إِبِلٌ فَيُكْرِيهَا حَجَّتُهُ نَاقِصَةٌ أَمْ تَامَّةٌ قَالَ لا بَلْ حَجَّتُهُ تَامَّةٌ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Fadalah ibn Ayyub from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who goes out for trade to Makkah or that he has a camel that he has given for hire to transport people; if his al-Hajj is complete or defective. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, but it is complete al-Hajj.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/161)



8ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ شِهَابٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ أَعْتَقَ عَشِيَّةَ عَرَفَةَ عَبْداً لَهُ أَ يُجْزِئُ عَنِ الْعَبْدِ حَجَّةُ الإِسْلامِ قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ فَأُمُّ وَلَدٍ أَحَجَّهَا مَوْلاهَا أَ يُجْزِئُ عَنْهَا قَالَ لا قُلْتُ أَ لَهُ أَجْرٌ فِي حَجَّتِهَا قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ ابْنِ عَشْرِ سِنِينَ يَحُجُّ قَالَ عَلَيْهِ حَجَّةُ الإِسْلامِ إِذَا احْتَلَمَ وَكَذَلِكَ الْجَارِيَةُ عَلَيْهَا الْحَجُّ إِذَا طَمِثَتْ.


8. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn Mahbub from Shihab who has said the following: “A man set free his slave in the evening of the day of ‘Arafah (ninth of Dhul Hajjah); if the slave’s al- Hajj is sufficient for Hajjahta al-Islam. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, it is not sufficient.’ I then asked, ‘Will he receive any reward for it?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he receives rewards.’ I asked about a ten-years old boy and his al-Hajj. He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘He owes Hajjahta al-Islam when he grows to adulthood and so also is the case of a young girl.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/162)



9ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ جَمِيعاً عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ الثَّانِيَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الصَّبِيِّ مَتَى يُحْرَمُ بِهِ قَالَ إِذَا اثَّغَرَ.


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad and a number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad all from Ali ibn Mahziyar from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a child when he is made to assume the state of Ihram? He (the Imam) said, ‘When he safeguards and protects.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/162)



10ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ ضُرَيْسٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ فِي رَجُلٍ خَرَجَ حَاجّاً حَجَّةَ الإِسْلامِ فَمَاتَ فِي الطَّرِيقِ فَقَالَ إِنْ مَاتَ فِي الْحَرَمِ فَقَدْ أَجْزَأَتْ عَنْهُ حَجَّةُ الإِسْلامِ وَإِنْ كَانَ مَاتَ دُونَ الْحَرَمِ فَلْيَقْضِ عَنْهُ وَلِيُّهُ حَجَّةَ الإِسْلامِ.


10. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from Durays who has said the following: “This is about a man who travels for Hajjahta al-Islam and dies on the way. Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, has said, ‘If he dies in al-Haram (the sacred area), it is sufficient for Hajjahta al-Islam. However, if he dies outside al-Haram (the sacred area), then his guardians should complete, Qada’ (compensatory for) Hajjahta al-Islam, on his behalf.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/162)



11ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ بُرَيْدٍ الْعِجْلِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ خَرَجَ حَاجّاً وَمَعَهُ جَمَلٌ لَهُ وَنَفَقَةٌ وَزَادٌ فَمَاتَ فِي الطَّرِيقِ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَ صَرُورَةً ثُمَّ مَاتَ فِي الْحَرَمِ فَقَدْ أَجْزَأَ عَنْهُ حَجَّةُ الإِسْلامِ وَإِنْ كَانَ مَاتَ وَهُوَ صَرُورَةٌ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُحْرِمَ جُعِلَ جَمَلُهُ وَزَادُهُ وَنَفَقَتُهُ وَمَا مَعَهُ فِي حَجَّةِ الإِسْلامِ فَإِنْ فَضَلَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ شَيْ‏ءٌ فَهُوَ لِلْوَرَثَةِ إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ عَلَيْهِ دَيْنٌ قُلْتُ أَ رَأَيْتَ إِنْ كَانَتِ الْحَجَّةُ تَطَوُّعاً ثُمَّ مَاتَ فِي الطَّرِيقِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُحْرِمَ لِمَنْ يَكُونُ جَمَلُهُ وَنَفَقَتُهُ وَمَا مَعَهُ قَالَ يَكُونُ جَمِيعُ مَا مَعَهُ وَمَا تَرَكَ لِلْوَرَثَةِ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ عَلَيْهِ دَيْنٌ فَيُقْضَى عَنْهُ أَوْ يَكُونَ أَوْصَى بِوَصِيَّةٍ فَيُنْفَذَ ذَلِكَ لِمَنْ أَوْصَى لَهُ وَيُجْعَلَ ذَلِكَ مِنْ ثُلُثِهِ.


11. Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from Burayd al-‘Ijliy who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who travels for al-Hajj. He has a camel with him and his supplies, but he dies on the way. He (the Imam) said, ‘If it was his first al-Hajj and has died in al-Haram (the sacred area), it is sufficient for Hajjahta al-Islam. If he dies, being his first al- Hajj, before assuming the state of Ihram, his camel, supplies and things with him are applied to his Hajjahta al-Islam, if anything is left extra it is for his heirs, if there is no loan on him.’ I then asked, ‘What happens if it was an optional al-Hajj and he dies on the way before assuming the state of Ihram, who will have his camel, and things with him?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘All things belonging to him go to his heirs, unless there is loan on him which is paid on his behalf or if his will says to give something to someone, in which case it is paid from one-third of his legacy.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/163)



12ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ رِفَاعَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ نَذَرَ أَنْ يَمْشِيَ إِلَى بَيْتِ الله الْحَرَامِ أَ يُجْزِئُهُ ذَلِكَ عَنْ حَجَّةِ الإِسْلامِ قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ وَإِنْ حَجَّ عَنْ غَيْرِهِ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ مَالٌ وَقَدْ نَذَرَ أَنْ يَحُجَّ مَاشِياً أَ يُجْزِئُ ذَلِكَ عَنْهُ قَالَ نَعَمْ.


12. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Rifa’ah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who has made a vow to walk to Bayt Allah al-Haram (the Sacred House of Allah): if it is sufficient for Hajjahta al-Islam. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it is sufficient.’ I then asked, ‘What happens if he performs al-Hajj for others and he does not have any assets and has vowed to perform al-Hajj on foot? Is this kind of al-Hajj sufficient? He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it is sufficient.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/164)



13ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ عَامِرِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) بَلَغَنِي عَنْكَ أَنَّكَ قُلْتَ لَوْ أَنَّ رَجُلاً مَاتَ وَلَمْ يَحُجَّ حَجَّةَ الإِسْلامِ فَحَجَّ عَنْهُ بَعْضُ أَهْلِهِ أَجْزَأَ ذَلِكَ عَنْهُ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ أَشْهَدُ بِهَا عَنْ أَبِي أَنَّهُ حَدَّثَنِي أَنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَتَاهُ رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ الله إِنَّ أَبِي مَاتَ وَلَمْ يَحُجَّ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) حُجَّ عَنْهُ فَإِنَّ ذَلِكَ يُجْزِئُ عَنْهُ.


13. Abu Ali ai-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd af-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from ibn Muskan from ‘Amir ibn ‘Amirah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of the issue that I had heard from him (the Imam) and he (the Imam) had said, ‘If a man dies owing Hajjahta al-Islam and a certain relative performs al-Hajj on his behalf it is sufficient.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, I can testify that my father, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, narrated to me from the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, that a man came to him and said, “O Messenger of Allah, my father has died without performing al-Hajj.” The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, said, ‘Perform al-Hajj on his behalf; it is sufficient for him.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/165)



14ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ حَكَمِ بْنِ حُكَيْمٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنْسَانٌ هَلَكَ وَلَمْ يَحُجَّ وَلَمْ يُوصِ بِالْحَجِّ فَأَحَجَّ عَنْهُ بَعْضُ أَهْلِهِ رَجُلاً أَوِ امْرَأَةً هَلْ يُجْزِئُ ذَلِكَ وَيَكُونُ قَضَاءً عَنْهُ وَيَكُونُ الْحَجُّ لِمَنْ حَجَّ وَيُؤْجَرُ مَنْ أَحَجَّ عَنْهُ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ الْحَاجُّ غَيْرَ صَرُورَةٍ أَجْزَأَ عَنْهُمَا جَمِيعاً وَأُجِرَ الَّذِي أَحَجَّهُ.


14. It is narrated from him (narrator of previous Hadith) from Safwan from Hakam ibn Hakam who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who dies without performing al-Hajj and without a will to perform al-Hajj on his behalf. However, a certain one of his relatives, male or female, enables someone to perform al-Hajj on his behalf; if it is sufficient for his al-Hajj, or al-Hajj belongs to one who has enabled and the one who performs al-Hajj receives reward. He (the Imam) said, ‘If it is his first al-Hajj it is sufficient for both of them and the enabler receives reward.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/165)



15ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ عَنْ رِفَاعَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ يَمُوتُ وَلَمْ يَحُجَّ حَجَّةَ الإِسْلامِ وَلَمْ يُوصِ بِهَا أَ يُقْضَى عَنْهُ قَالَ نَعَمْ.


15. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Fadalah from Rifa’ah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who dies and has not performed Hajjahta al-Islam and has not made any will about it if it can be carried out on his behalf. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it is permissible.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/166)



16ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ رِفَاعَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ وَالْمَرْأَةِ يَمُوتَانِ وَلَمْ يَحُجَّا أَ يُقْضَى عَنْهُمَا حَجَّةُ الإِسْلامِ قَالَ نَعَمْ.


16. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Rifa’ah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man and a woman who die without performing al-Hajj; if Hajjahta al-Islam can be performed on their behalf. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it is permissible.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/166)



17ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى رَفَعَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سُئِلَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ مَاتَ وَلَهُ ابْنٌ لَمْ يَدْرِ أَ حَجَّ أَبُوهُ أَمْ لا قَالَ يَحُجُّ عَنْهُ فَإِنْ كَانَ أَبُوهُ قَدْ حَجَّ كُتِبَ لأَبِيهِ نَافِلَةً وَلِلابْنِ فَرِيضَةً وَإِنْ كَانَ أَبُوهُ لَمْ يَحُجَّ كُتِبَ لأَبِيهِ فَرِيضَةً وَلِلابْنِ نَافِلَةً.


17. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from in a marfu‘ manner who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who dies and has a son who does not know if his father has performed al-Hajj or not. He (the Imam) said, ‘He performs al-Hajj on his behalf, if his father has performed al-Hajj, it is written as optional al-Hajj for him and an obligatory al-Hajj for his son; and if his father has not performed al-Hajj, it is written obligatory for his father and optional for the son.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/166)



18ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ شَمُّونٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الأَصَمِّ عَنْ مِسْمَعِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لَوْ أَنَّ عَبْداً حَجَّ عَشْرَ حِجَجٍ كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِ حَجَّةُ الإِسْلامِ أَيْضاً إِذَا اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَى ذَلِكَ سَبِيلاً وَلَوْ أَنَّ غُلاماً حَجَّ عَشْرَ حِجَجٍ ثُمَّ احْتَلَمَ كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِ فَرِيضَةُ الإِسْلامِ وَلَوْ أَنَّ مَمْلُوكاً حَجَّ عَشْرَ حِجَجٍ ثُمَّ أُعْتِقَ كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِ فَرِيضَةُ الإِسْلامِ إِذَا اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلاً.


18. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn al-Hassan al-Shammun from ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Asamm from Misma’ ibn ‘Abd al-Malik who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Even if a servant of Allah performs ten al-Hajj, he owes obligatory Hajjahta al-Islam also; if he is able to perform Hajjahta al-Islam. If a boy performs ten al- Hajj ah, he owes obligatory Hajjahta al-Islam also; if he is able to perform Hajjahta al-Islam when he becomes an adult. If a slave performs ten al-Hajj ah, then is set free that person owes obligatory Hajjahta al-Islam also, if he is able to perform Hajjahta al-Islam.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/167)