23. The Excellence of Looking at al-Ka‘bah

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ كُنْتُ قَاعِداً إِلَى جَنْبِ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَهُوَ مُحْتَبٍ مُسْتَقْبِلُ الْكَعْبَةِ فَقَالَ أَمَا إِنَّ النَّظَرَ إِلَيْهَا عِبَادَةٌ فَجَاءَهُ رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَجِيلَةَ يُقَالُ لَهُ عَاصِمُ بْنُ عُمَرَ فَقَالَ لأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنَّ كَعْبَ الأَحْبَارِ كَانَ يَقُولُ إِنَّ الْكَعْبَةَ تَسْجُدُ لِبَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ فِي كُلِّ غَدَاةٍ فَقَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَمَا تَقُولُ فِيمَا قَالَ كَعْبٌ فَقَالَ صَدَقَ الْقَوْلُ مَا قَالَ كَعْبٌ فَقَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) كَذَبْتَ وَكَذَبَ كَعْبُ الأَحْبَارِ مَعَكَ وَغَضِبَ قَالَ زُرَارَةُ مَا رَأَيْتُهُ اسْتَقْبَلَ أَحَداً بِقَوْلِ كَذَبْتَ غَيْرَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ مَا خَلَقَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بُقْعَةً فِي الأَرْضِ أَحَبَّ إِلَيْهِ مِنْهَا ثُمَّ أَوْمَأَ بِيَدِهِ نَحْوَ الْكَعْبَةِ وَلا أَكْرَمَ عَلَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ مِنْهَا لَهَا حَرَّمَ الله الأَشْهُرَ الْحُرُمَ فِي كِتَابِهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ ثَلاثَةٌ مُتَوَالِيَةٌ لِلْحَجِّ شَوَّالٌ وَذُو الْقَعْدَةِ وَذُو الْحِجَّةِ وَشَهْرٌ مُفْرَدٌ لِلْعُمْرَةِ وَهُوَ رَجَبٌ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn Isma‘il from af-Fadf ibn Shadhan all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Umar ibn ‘Udhaynah from Zurarah who has said the following: “I, once, was sitting near abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, while he was sitting in an Ihtiba’ position (holding one’s knees against one’s belly with one’s arms or a piece of cloth) facing al-Ka’bah. He (the Imam) said, ’Looking at al-Ka’bah is an act of worship.’ At this time a man from Bajilah people who was called ‘Asem ibn ’Umar came to abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and said, ’Ka’b al-Ahbar would say, “Al-Ka‘bah every morning prostrates before al-Bayt al-Maqdis (the holy house in Jerusalem).”’ Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, then asked, ‘What do you say about what Ka’b has said?’ He (the man) replied, ’He has spoken the truth, the word is what Ka’b has said.’ Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, then said, ‘You have spoken lies. Ka’b al-Ahbar has spoken lies along with you.’ He (the Imam) became angry. Zurarah has said, ‘I never found him (the Imam) facing someone say, “You speak lies” except him (this man).’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, has not created any site on earth more beloved to Him than al-Ka‘bah.’ He (the Imam) then pointed with his hand to al-Ka’bah and said, ’There is not anything more graceful before Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, than al-Ka’bah. For this (al-Ka’bah) Allah made the sacred months, in His book, on the day He created the skies and earth. Of these months, three are consecutive: the months of Shawwal, Dhu al-Qa’dah and Dhu al-Hajjah, and one is alone for performing ‘Umrah (and it is) the month of Rajab.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/100)



2ـ وَبِهَذَا الإِسْنَادِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِنَّ لله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى حَوْلَ الْكَعْبَةِ عِشْرِينَ وَمِائَةَ رَحْمَةٍ مِنْهَا سِتُّونَ لِلطَّائِفِينَ وَأَرْبَعُونَ لِلْمُصَلِّينَ وَعِشْرُونَ لِلنَّاظِرِينَ.


2. It is narrated from him (narrator of previous Hadith) from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Allah, the most Blessed, the most High, has one hundred twenty blessings around al-Ka’bah of which sixty are for those who perform Tawaf, forty for those who perform salat (prayer) and twenty for those who look at al-Ka’bah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/101)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله الْخَزَّازِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِنَّ لِلْكَعْبَةِ لَلَحْظَةً فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ يُغْفَرُ لِمَنْ طَافَ بِهَا أَوْ حَنَّ قَلْبُهُ إِلَيْهَا أَوْ حَبَسَهُ عَنْهَا عُذْرٌ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from abu ‘Abd Allah al-Khazzaz who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that for al-Ka’bah, there is a moment every day in which forgiveness is granted to those who perform Tawaf around it, or whose hearts incline toward it or are prevented from visiting it for a good reason.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/102)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنِ ابْنِ رِبَاطٍ عَنْ سَيْفٍ التَّمَّارِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَنْ نَظَرَ إِلَى الْكَعْبَةِ لَمْ يَزَلْ تُكْتَبُ لَهُ حَسَنَةٌ وَتُمْحَى عَنْهُ سَيِّئَةٌ حَتَّى يَنْصَرِفَ بِبَصَرِهِ عَنْهَا.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn Mahbub from al-Hassan ibn Ali from ibn Ribat from Sayf al- Tammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that as long as one keeps looking at al-Ka’bah, one good deed is written for him and one bad deed is deleted until he turns away from looking at al-Ka’bah.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/102)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ النَّظَرُ إِلَى الْكَعْبَةِ عِبَادَةٌ وَالنَّظَرُ إِلَى الْوَالِدَيْنِ عِبَادَةٌ وَالنَّظَرُ إِلَى الإِمَامِ عِبَادَةٌ وَقَالَ مَنْ نَظَرَ إِلَى الْكَعْبَةِ كُتِبَتْ لَهُ حَسَنَةٌ وَمُحِيَتْ عَنْهُ عَشْرُ سَيِّئَاتٍ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that looking at al-Ka’bah is an act of worship; looking at parents is an act of worship; and looking at the Imam is an act of worship. For one’s looking at al- Ka’bah, one good deed is written for him and ten of his bad deeds are deleted.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/102)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَنْ نَظَرَ إِلَى الْكَعْبَةِ بِمَعْرِفَةٍ فَعَرَفَ مِنْ حَقِّنَا وَحُرْمَتِنَا مِثْلَ الَّذِي عَرَفَ مِنْ حَقِّهَا وَحُرْمَتِهَا غَفَرَ الله لَهُ ذُنُوبَهُ وَكَفَاهُ هَمَّ الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Ali ibn ‘Abd al-‘Aziz who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Allah forgives one’s sins and suffices him in this world and in the next life, if he looks at al-Ka‘bah with proper understanding and then recognizes our rights and sanctity just as his recognition of the rights and sanctity of al-Ka‘bah.” (The following Chapter is best explained in the form of fatwa).


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/102)