21. Hunting in al-Haram (the sacred area) and The Expiation for the Same

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا كُنْتَ حَلالاً فَقَتَلْتَ الصَّيْدَ فِي الْحِلِّ مَا بَيْنَ الْبَرِيدِ إِلَى الْحَرَمِ فَعَلَيْكَ جَزَاؤُهُ فَإِنْ فَقَأْتَ عَيْنَهُ أَوْ كَسَرْتَ قَرْنَهُ أَوْ جَرَحْتَهُ تَصَدَّقْتَ بِصَدَقَةٍ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If you are not in the state of Ihram and hunt in non-al- Haram (the sacred area) within a distance of one Barid (a certain unit of measurement) to al-Haram (the sacred area) you must pay the penalty. If you damage its eyes or break its horn, or injure it, you must pay charity.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/84)



2ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ أُهْدِيَ لَهُ حَمَامٌ أَهْلِيٌّ وَهُوَ فِي الْحَرَمِ فَقَالَ إِنْ هُوَ أَصَابَ مِنْهُ شَيْئاً فَلْيَتَصَدَّقْ بِثَمَنِهِ نَحْواً مِمَّا كَانَ يَسْوَى فِي الْقِيمَةِ.


2. Ali has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who receives a domesticated pigeon as a gift in al-Haram (the sacred area). He (the Imam) said, ‘If he hurts it he must give an amount of charity which is equal to its value.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/85)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ مُثَنَّى بْنِ عَبْدِ السَّلامِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي الْحَكَمِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِغُلامٍ لَنَا هَيِّىْ لَنَا غَدَاءً فَأَخَذَ أَطْيَاراً مِنَ الْحَرَمِ فَذَبَحَهَا وَطَبَخَهَا فَأَخْبَرْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَقَالَ ادْفِنْهَا وَافْدِ كُلَّ طَائِرٍ مِنْهَا.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Muthanna’ ibn ‘Abd al-Salam from Muhammad ibn abu al-Hakam who has said the following: “I once told my slave to prepare lunch. He took a bird in al-Haram (the sacred area), slaughtered and cooked it. I informed abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about it and he (the Imam) said, ‘Bury it and pay ransom for every bird.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/85)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّهُ سُئِلَ عَنِ الصَّيْدِ يُصَادُ فِي الْحِلِّ ثُمَّ يُجَاءُ بِهِ إِلَى الْحَرَمِ وَهُوَ حَيٌّ فَقَالَ إِذَا أَدْخَلَهُ إِلَى الْحَرَمِ حَرُمَ عَلَيْهِ أَكْلُهُ وَإِمْسَاكُهُ فَلا تَشْتَرِيَنَّ فِي الْحَرَمِ إِلاَّ مَذْبُوحاً ذُبِحَ فِي الْحِلِّ ثُمَّ جِي‏ءَ بِهِ إِلَى الْحَرَمِ مَذْبُوحاً فَلا بَأْسَ لِلْحَلالِ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from and Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a prey which is hunted in non-al-Haram (the sacred area) and is brought in al-Haram (the sacred area) when it is still alive. He (the Imam) said, ‘Since he has brought to al-Haram (the sacred area), it is prohibited for him to use it for food or to keep it. Nothing in al-Haram (the sacred area) can be purchased if it is not slaughtered in non-al- Haram (the sacred area) and then is brought in al-Haram (the sacred area) already slaughtered, in which case it is not harmful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/85)



5ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ أَنَّ الْحَكَمَ سَأَلَ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ أُهْدِيَ لَهُ حَمَامَةٌ فِي الْحَرَمِ مَقْصُوصَةٌ فَقَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) انْتِفْهَا وَأَحْسِنْ إِلَيْهَا وَاعْلِفْهَا حَتَّى إِذَا اسْتَوَى رِيشُهَا فَخَلِّ سَبِيلَهَا.


5. Ali has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa form Hariz from Zurarah who has said the following: “Al-Hakam once asked abu Ja’far ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who receives a pigeon as a gift in al- Haram (the sacred area) with its wings shortened. He (the Imam) said, ‘He takes it, looks after it and feeds it until its wings grow, then sets it free.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/86)



6ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ حَازِمٍ عَنْ مُثَنَّى بْنِ عَبْدِ السَّلامِ عَنْ كَرِبٍ الصَّيْرَفِيِّ قَالَ كُنَّا جَمَاعَةً فَاشْتَرَيْنَا طَيْراً فَقَصَصْنَاهُ وَدَخَلْنَا بِهِ مَكَّةَ فَعَابَ ذَلِكَ عَلَيْنَا أَهْلُ مَكَّةَ فَأَرْسَلَ كَرِبٌ إِلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَسَأَلَهُ فَقَالَ اسْتَوْدِعُوهُ رَجُلاً مِنْ أَهْلِ مَكَّةَ مُسْلِماً أَوِ امْرَأَةً مُسْلِمَةً فَإِذَا اسْتَوَى خَلَّوْا سَبِيلَهُ.


6. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from Mansur ibn Hazim from Muthanna’ ibn ‘Abd al-Salam from Karib al-Sayrafiy who has said the following: “We were a group and bought a bird, cut its wings short and brought it in Makkah. People criticized us for this and Karib sent someone to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, to ask him (the Imam) about it. He (the Imam) said, ‘Leave it in the trust of a Muslim man or woman of Makkah, who will release it when it will become normal .’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/86)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَنْ أَصَابَ طَيْراً فِي الْحَرَمِ وَهُوَ مُحِلٌّ فَعَلَيْهِ الْقِيمَةُ وَالْقِيمَةُ دِرْهَمٌ يَشْتَرِي بِهِ عَلَفاً لِحَمَامِ الْحَرَمِ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Safwan ibn Yahya who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one hurts a bird in al-Haram (the sacred area) when one is not in the state of ’Ihram, he owes its price. This price is one dirham with which he buys feed for the pigeons of al-Haram (the sacred area).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/86)



8ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ خَلاَّدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ فِي رَجُلٍ ذَبَحَ حَمَامَةً مِنْ حَمَامِ الْحَرَمِ قَالَ عَلَيْهِ الْفِدَاءُ قُلْتُ فَيَأْكُلُهُ قَالَ لا قُلْتُ فَيَطْرَحُهُ قَالَ إِذاً يَكُونُ عَلَيْهِ فِدَاءٌ آخَرُ قُلْتُ فَمَا يَصْنَعُ بِهِ قَالَ يَدْفِنُهُ.


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Khallad who has said the following: “About a man who has slaughtered a pigeon of the pigeons of al-Haram (the sacred area) abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘He owes a ransom.’ I then asked, ‘Can he use it for food?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘No, he cannot do so.’ I then asked, ‘Can he throw it away?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If he did so he will owe another ransom.’ I then asked, ’What then he must do?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He is required to bury it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/87)



9ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ مُثَنًّى الْحَنَّاطِ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ خَرَجَ بِطَيْرٍ مِنْ مَكَّةَ إِلَى الْكُوفَةِ قَالَ يَرُدُّهُ إِلَى مَكَّةَ.


9. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Muthanna’ al-Hannat from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who leaves Makkah with a bird for al-Kufah. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must return it to Makkah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/87)



10ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ الْبَخْتَرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ فِي الْحَمَامَةِ دِرْهَمٌ وَفِي الْفَرْخِ نِصْفُ دِرْهَمٍ وَفِي الْبَيْضَةِ رُبُعُ دِرْهَمٍ.


10. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hafs ibn al-Bakhtariy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The ransom for a pigeon is one dirham, for a pigeon chick half of a dirham and for an egg it is one-forth of a dirham.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/87)



11ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَحَدَهُمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ أَصَابَ طَيْراً فِي الْحِلِّ فَاشْتَرَاهُ فَأَدْخَلَهُ الْحَرَمَ فَمَاتَ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ حِينَ أَدْخَلَهُ الْحَرَمَ خَلَّى سَبِيلَهُ فَمَاتَ فَلا شَيْ‏ءَ عَلَيْهِ وَإِنْ كَانَ أَمْسَكَهُ حَتَّى مَاتَ عِنْدَهُ فِي الْحَرَمِ فَعَلَيْهِ الْفِدَاءُ.


11. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn Mahbub, from ibn Ri’ab from ibn Bukayr who has said the following: “I once asked one of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who finds a bird in non-al-Haram (the sacred area) and buys it, then enters al-Haram (the sacred area), with it and it dies. He (the Imam) said, ‘Were he to release it in al-Haram (the sacred area), then it died he did not owe anything. If he holds it until it dies with him in al-Haram (the sacred area) he is required to pay ransom.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/88)



12ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ رَمَى صَيْداً فِي الْحِلِّ فَمَضَى بِرَمْيَتِهِ حَتَّى دَخَلَ الْحَرَمَ فَمَاتَ أَ عَلَيْهِ جَزَاؤُهُ قَالَ لا لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ جَزَاؤُهُ لأَنَّهُ رَمَى حَيْثُ رَمَى وَهُوَ لَهُ حَلالٌ إِنَّمَا مَثَلُ ذَلِكَ مَثَلُ رَجُلٍ نَصَبَ شَرَكاً فِي الْحِلِّ إِلَى جَانِبِ الْحَرَمِ فَوَقَعَ فِيهِ صَيْدٌ فَاضْطَرَبَ الصَّيْدُ حَتَّى دَخَلَ الْحَرَمَ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ جَزَاؤُهُ لأَنَّهُ كَانَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ شَيْ‏ءٌ فَقُلْتُ هَذَا الْقِيَاسُ عِنْدَ النَّاسِ فَقَالَ إِنَّمَا شَبَّهْتُ لَكَ شَيْئاً بِشَيْ‏ءٍ.


12. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who shoots a prey in non-al-Haram (the sacred area) and it then moves into al-Haram (the sacred area) and dies there: if he is required to pay ransom. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, he does not owe ransom because he shoots it as he does and it is lawful for him. The example of this is like the one who sets up a trap in an area next to al-Haram (the sacred area). The prey trapped in it moves until it enters al-Haram (the sacred area). He does not owe anything for it; it happened afterwards.’ I then said, ‘This is analogy in the views of people.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘One thing is confused with another thing to you.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/88)



13ـ صَفْوَانُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ زِيَادٍ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الْوَاسِطِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْمٍ قَفَّلُوا عَلَى طَائِرٍ مِنْ حَمَامِ الْحَرَمِ الْبَابَ فَمَاتَ قَالَ عَلَيْهِمْ بِقِيمَةِ كُلِّ طَيْرٍ [نِصْفُ‏] دِرْهَمٍ يُعْلَفُ بِهِ حَمَامُ الْحَرَمِ.


13. From Safwan ibn Yahya has narrated from Ziyad abu al-Hassan al-Wasitiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a people who lock a door on pigeons of al-Haram (the sacred area) and they die. He (the Imam) said, ‘They are required to pay the price of every bird which is one [half] dirham with which pigeons of al-Haram (the sacred area) are fed.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/89)



14ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ مِسْمَعِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ حَلَّ فِي الْحَرَمِ رَمَى صَيْداً خَارِجاً مِنَ الْحَرَمِ فَقَتَلَهُ قَالَ عَلَيْهِ الْجَزَاءُ لأَنَّ الآفَةَ جَاءَتْهُ مِنْ قِبَلِ الْحَرَمِ قَالَ وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ رَمَى صَيْداً خَارِجاً مِنَ الْحَرَمِ فِي الْحِلِّ فَتَحَامَلَ الصَّيْدُ حَتَّى دَخَلَ الْحَرَمَ فَقَالَ لَحْمُهُ حَرَامٌ مِثْلُ الْمَيْتَةِ.


14. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad am Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from Misma’ ibn ‘ Abd al-Malik who has said the following: “About a man who, is not in the state of Ihram, shoots from inside of al-Haram (the sacred area) a prey outside of al-Haram (the sacred area) and kills it, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘There is ransom on him because calamity came upon the bird from al-Haram (the sacred area). 5 I asked him (the Imam), about a man who shoots a prey outside al-Haram (the sacred area) in non-al- Haram (the sacred area) and it moves until it enters al-Haram (the sacred area). He (the Imam) said, ‘Its meat is prohibited for him like a dead animal’s.


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/91)



15ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ فِي حَمَامِ مَكَّةَ الطَّيْرُ الأَهْلِيُّ غَيْرُ حَمَامِ الْحَرَمِ مَنْ ذَبَحَ طَيْراً مِنْهُ وَهُوَ غَيْرُ مُحْرِمٍ فَعَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَتَصَدَّقَ بِصَدَقَةٍ أَفْضَلَ مِنْ ثَمَنِهِ فَإِنْ كَانَ مُحْرِماً فَشَاةٌ عَنْ كُلِّ طَيْرٍ.


15. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘Of the pigeon of Makkah the domesticated are different from pigeon of al-Haram (the sacred area). If one slaughters one of them and he is not in the state of Ihram his paying charity is better than its price. If he is in the state of Ihram then there is one sheep for every bird.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/91)



16ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ قَالَ أَرْسَلْتُ إِلَى أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّ أَخاً لِي اشْتَرَى حَمَاماً مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ فَذَهَبْنَا بِهَا إِلَى مَكَّةَ فَاعْتَمَرْنَا وَأَقَمْنَا إِلَى الْحَجِّ ثُمَّ أَخْرَجْنَا الْحَمَامَ مَعَنَا مِنْ مَكَّةَ إِلَى الْكُوفَةِ فَعَلَيْنَا فِي ذَلِكَ شَيْ‏ءٌ قَالَ لِلرَّسُولِ إِنِّي أَظُنُّهُنَّ كُنَّ فُرْهَةً قَالَ لَهُ يَذْبَحُ مَكَانَ كُلِّ طَيْرٍ شَاةً.


16. Ahmad ibn Muhammad from has narrated from ibn Faddal from Yunus ibn Ya’qub who has said the following: “I once sent a message to abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that my brother had purchased pigeons from al-Madinah and we went to Makkah for ‘Umrah. We stayed for Hajj, then we took the pigeon with us from Makkah to al-Kufah; if we owe anything. He (the Imam) said to the messenger, ‘I think they were beautiful.’ He (the Imam) said to him, ‘For every one of them one sheep must be slaughtered.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/92)



17ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) رَجُلٌ نَتَفَ حَمَامَةً مِنْ حَمَامِ الْحَرَمِ قَالَ يَتَصَدَّقُ بِصَدَقَةٍ عَلَى مِسْكِينٍ وَيُعْطِي بِالْيَدِ الَّتِي نَتَفَ بِهَا فَإِنَّهُ قَدْ أَوْجَعَهُ.


17. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from ibn Muskan from Ibrahim ibn Maymun who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who pulled out the feathers of a pigeon of the pigeon of al-Haram (the sacred area). He (the Imam) said, ‘He is required to pay charity to a destitute with the hand with which he pulled out the feathers because it caused pain.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/92)



18ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ حَازِمٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أُهْدِيَ لَنَا طَائِرٌ مَذْبُوحٌ بِمَكَّةَ فَأَكَلَهُ أَهْلُنَا فَقَالَ لا يَرَى بِهِ أَهْلُ مَكَّةَ بَأْساً قُلْتُ فَأَيُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ تَقُولُ أَنْتَ قَالَ عَلَيْهِمْ ثَمَنُهُ.


18. Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Safwan ibn Yahya from Mansur ibn Flazim who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a slaughtered bird given to us as gift in Makkah, if I can use it for food with my family. He (the Imam) said, ‘People of Makkah do not think it is harmful.’ I then asked, ‘What do you say about it?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘They owe its prices.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/93)



19ـ بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي جَرِيرٍ الْقُمِّيِّ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) نَشْتَرِي الصُّقُورَ فَنُدْخِلُهَا الْحَرَمَ فَلَنَا ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ كُلُّ مَا أُدْخِلَ الْحَرَمَ مِنَ الطَّيْرِ مِمَّا يَصُفُّ جَنَاحَهُ فَقَدْ دَخَلَ مَأْمَنَهُ فَخَلِّ سَبِيلَهُ.


19. Certain persons of our people have narrated from abu Jarir al-Qummiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of our buying hawks and taking them to al-Haram (the sacred area), if we owe anything. He (the Imam) said, ‘If one takes any of the birds that when flying, flap their wing, he has taken them to their sanctuary, and should leave them there.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: سكت عنه - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/94)



20ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ خَلِيفَةَ قَالَ كَانَ فِي جَانِبِ بَيْتِي مِكْتَلٌ فِيهِ بَيْضَتَانِ مِنْ حَمَامِ الْحَرَمِ فَذَهَبَ الْغُلامُ يَكُبُّ الْمِكْتَلَ وَهُوَ لا يَعْلَمُ أَنَّ فِيهِ بَيْضَتَيْنِ فَكَسَرَهُمَا فَخَرَجْتُ فَلَقِيتُ عَبْدَ الله بْنَ الْحَسَنِ فَذَكَرْتُ ذَلِكَ لَهُ فَقَالَ تَصَدَّقْ بِكَفَّيْنِ مِنْ دَقِيقٍ قَالَ ثُمَّ لَقِيتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) بَعْدُ فَأَخْبَرْتُهُ فَقَالَ ثَمَنُ طَيْرَيْنِ تَعْلِفُ بِهِ حَمَامَ الْحَرَمِ فَلَقِيتُ عَبْدَ الله بْنَ الْحَسَنِ فَأَخْبَرْتُهُ فَقَالَ صَدَقَكَ حَدِّثْ بِهِ فَإِنَّمَا أَخَذَهُ عَنْ آبَائِهِ.


20. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad, from Muhammad ibn Sinan from ibn Muskan from Yazid ibn Khalifah who has said the following: “In one side of my house there were two eggs of pigeon of al-Haram (the sacred area). The boy went to move the cluster not knowing that the eggs were there and he broke them. I went out and met ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Hassan and mentioned it to him. He said, ‘You must give charity of two handful of flour.’ I then met abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and informed him (the Imam) about it. He (the Imam) said, ‘Pay the price of two birds as feed for the pigeon of al-Haram (the sacred area).’ I then met ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Hassan and informed him about it and he said, ‘He (the Imam) has told you the truth. You can narrate it because he (the Imam) has taken it from his ancestors.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/94)



21ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ وَأَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ فَرْخَيْنِ مُسَرْوَلَيْنِ ذَبَحْتُهُمَا وَأَنَا بِمَكَّةَ فَقَالَ لِي لِمَ ذَبَحْتَهُمَا فَقُلْتُ جَاءَتْنِي بِهِمَا جَارِيَةٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ مَكَّةَ فَسَأَلَتْنِي أَنْ أَذْبَحَهُمَا فَظَنَنْتُ أَنِّي بِالْكُوفَةِ وَلَمْ أَذْكُرِ الْحَرَمَ فَقَالَ عَلَيْكَ قِيمَتُهُمَا قُلْتُ كَمْ قِيمَتُهُمَا قَالَ دِرْهَمٌ وَهُوَ خَيْرٌ مِنْهُمَا.


21. Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from and Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of my slaughtering two fledgling birds in Makkah. He (the Imam) said, ‘Did you slaughter them?’ I replied, ‘Yes, because a slave-girl of the people of Makkah brought them to me and asked me to slaughter them and I thought I was in al-Kufah and did not remember al-Haram (the sacred area). He (the Imam) said, ‘You must pay their price.’ I asked, ‘How much is it?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is one dirham and it is better than them.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/95)



22ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ فَرْقَدٍ قَالَ كُنَّا عِنْدَ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) بِمَكَّةَ وَدَاوُدُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ بِهَا فَقَالَ لِي أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لِي دَاوُدُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ مَا تَقُولُ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ الله فِي قَمَارِيَّ اصْطَدْنَاهَا وَقَصَّيْنَاهَا فَقُلْتُ تُنْتَفُ وَتُعْلَفُ فَإِذَا اسْتَوَتْ خُلِّيَ سَبِيلُهَا.


22. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Fadalah from Dawud ibn Farqad who has said the following: “Once we were in the presence of abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, in Makkah and Dawud ibn Ali also was in it. Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said to me, ‘Dawud ibn Ali asked me, “What do you say, O abu ‘Abd Allah, about the turtledove we caught and shortened their feathers?”’ I replied, ‘Because of your pulling out its feathers, you must feed them until their feathers grow as normal; then set them free.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/95)



23ـ أَحْمَدُ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ بَيْضَةِ نَعَامَةٍ أَكَلْتُ فِي الْحَرَمِ قَالَ تَصَدَّقْ بِثَمَنِهَا.


23. Ahmad ibn al-Hassan has narrated from Ali ibn al-Nu’man from Sa‘d ibn ‘Abd Allah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of my eating ostrich eggs in al-Haram (the sacred area). He (the Imam) said, ‘You must give its price in charity.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق على الظاه ر - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/96)



24ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ مُثَنًّى قَالَ خَرَجْنَا إِلَى مَكَّةَ فَاصْطَادَتِ النِّسَاءُ قُمْرِيَّةً مِنْ قَمَارِيِّ أَمَجَ حَيْثُ بَلَغْنَا الْبَرِيدَ فَنَتَفَتِ النِّسَاءُ جَنَاحَيْهِ ثُمَّ دَخَلُوا بِهَا مَكَّةَ فَدَخَلَ أَبُو بَصِيرٍ عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَأَخْبَرَهُ فَقَالَ تَنْظُرُونَ امْرَأَةً لا بَأْسَ بِهَا فَتُعْطُونَهَا الطَّيْرَ تَعْلِفُهُ وَتُمْسِكُهُ حَتَّى إِذَا اسْتَوَى جَنَاحَاهُ خَلَّتْهُ.


24. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Washsha’ from Muthanna’ who has said the following: “Once we went to Makkah and women caught a turtledove of Amlaj (a place between al-Madinah and Makkah) turtledoves. The women pulled out the feathers of its wing, then took it to Makkah. Abu Basir went to visit abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and informed him (the Imam) about it. He (the Imam) said, ‘Look for a trustworthy woman and give it to her to feed and keep it until its wings grow to normal, then set it free.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/96)



25ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عِمْرَانَ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مَا يُكْرَهُ مِنَ الطَّيْرِ فَقَالَ مَا صَفَّ عَلَى رَأْسِكَ.


25. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from ‘Imran al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about what of the birds are undesirable. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is whatever when flying over your head does not flap its wings.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/96)



26ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْبَرْقِيِّ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ أَبِي يَزِيدَ الْعَطَّارِ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْمُكَارِي قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) رَجُلٌ قَتَلَ أَسَداً فِي الْحَرَمِ قَالَ عَلَيْهِ كَبْشٌ يَذْبَحُهُ.


26. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Barqiy from Dawud ibn abu Yazid al-‘Attar from abu Sa‘id al-Mukariy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who kills a lion in al-Haram (the sacred area). He (the Imam) said, ’He owes one ram.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/96)



27ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ بُكَيْرِ بْنِ أَعْيَنَ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ أَصَابَ ظَبْياً فِي الْحِلِّ فَاشْتَرَاهُ فَأَدْخَلَهُ الْحَرَمَ فَمَاتَ الظَّبْيُ فِي الْحَرَمِ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ حِينَ أَدْخَلَهُ الْحَرَمَ خَلَّى سَبِيلَهُ فَمَاتَ فَلا شَيْ‏ءَ عَلَيْهِ وَإِنْ كَانَ أَمْسَكَهُ حَتَّى مَاتَ عِنْدَهُ فِي الْحَرَمِ فَعَلَيْهِ الْفِدَاءُ.


27. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from Bukayr ibn ‘A’yan who has said the following: “I once asked one of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ’Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, about a man who finds a deer in non-al-Haram (the sacred area), then buys it and takes it to al-Haram (the sacred area) and it dies in al-Haram (the sacred area). He (the Imam) said, ‘If he releases it after entering al- Haram (the sacred area) then it dies, he does not owe anything; but if he keeps it after entering al- Haram (the sacred area) and then it dies in al-Haram (the sacred area) with him, he owes the ransom.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/97)



28ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَأَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي حَمْزَةُ بْنُ الْيَسَعَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الْفَهْدِ يُشْتَرَى بِمِنًى وَيُخْرَجُ بِهِ مِنَ الْحَرَمِ فَقَالَ كُلُّ مَا أُدْخِلَ الْحَرَمَ مِنَ السَّبُعِ مَأْسُوراً فَعَلَيْكَ إِخْرَاجُهُ.


28. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Ahmad ibn Muhammad all from ibn abu Nasr who has said the following: “Hamzah ibn al-Yasa’ said to me that I once asked abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the tiger that is purchased in Mina and then is taken out of al-Haram (the sacred area). He (the Imam) said, ’Everything of beasts that are brought in al-Haram (the sacred area) in captivity you must take out of al-Haram (the sacred area).”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/97)



29ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيْهِم السَّلاَم) أَنَّهُ سُئِلَ عَنْ شَجَرَةٍ أَصْلُهَا فِي الْحَرَمِ وَأَغْصَانُهَا فِي الْحِلِّ عَلَى غُصْنٍ مِنْهَا طَائِرٌ رَمَاهُ رَجُلٌ فَصَرَعَهُ قَالَ عَلَيْهِ جَزَاؤُهُ إِذَا كَانَ أَصْلُهَا فِي الْحَرَمِ.


29. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has narrated that his father, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked about the tree with its roots in al-Haram (the sacred area) and its branches in non-al-Haram (the sacred area) with a bird on it that was shot by a man that made it to fall down. He (the Imam) said, ‘He is required to pay the penalty if its root is in al-Haram (the sacred area).”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/97)



30ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ مَالِكِ بْنِ عَطِيَّةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الأَعْلَى بْنِ أَعْيَنَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ أَصَابَ صَيْداً فِي الْحِلِّ فَرَبَطَهُ إِلَى جَانِبِ الْحَرَمِ فَمَشَى الصَّيْدُ بِرِبَاطِهِ حَتَّى دَخَلَ الْحَرَمَ وَالرِّبَاطُ فِي عُنُقِهِ فَأَجَرَّهُ الرَّجُلُ بِحَبْلِهِ حَتَّى أَخْرَجَهُ مِنَ الْحَرَمِ وَالرَّجُلُ فِي الْحِلِّ فَقَالَ ثَمَنُهُ وَلَحْمُهُ حَرَامٌ مِثْلُ الْمَيْتَةِ.


30. Ali has narrated from his father from ibn Mahbub from Malik ibn ‘ Atiyyah from ‘Abd al-‘A‘la’ ibn ‘A‘yan who has said the following: I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who finds a prey in non-al-Haram (the sacred area) and ties it down next to al-Haram (the sacred area); but it walks and enters al-Haram (the sacred area) with the rope around its neck. The man pulls the rope and takes it out of al-Haram (the sacred area) and he is in non-al-Haram (the sacred area). He (the Imam) said, ‘Its price and meat is prohibited like the dead animal’s.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/97)