19. The Trees of al-Haram (the sacred area)

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْكَرِيمِ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لا تَنْزِعْ مِنْ شَجَرِ مَكَّةَ إِلاَّ النَّخْلَ وَشَجَرَ الْفَاكِهَةِ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from ‘Abd al-Karim from those whom he has mentioned who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Do not remove any of the trees from Makkah, except palm trees and fruit bearing trees.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/81)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ يَنْبُتُ فِي الْحَرَمِ فَهُوَ حَرَامٌ عَلَى النَّاسِ أَجْمَعِينَ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from Hariz who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Everything that grows in al-Haram (the sacred area) is prohibited (restricted) for all people.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/82)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَمِيلَةَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) الرَّجُلُ يَدْخُلُ مَكَّةَ فَيَقْطَعُ مِنْ شَجَرِهَا قَالَ اقْطَعْ مَا كَانَ دَاخِلاً عَلَيْكَ وَلا تَقْطَعْ مَا لَمْ يَدْخُلْ مَنْزِلَكَ عَلَيْكَ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu Nasr from abu Jamilah from Ishaq ibn Yazid who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who enters Makkah and cuts off its trees. He (the Imam) said, ‘You can cut what has entered in your place, but you must not cut what has not entered your place.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/82)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) شَجَرَةٌ أَصْلُهَا فِي الْحِلِّ وَفَرْعُهَا فِي الْحَرَمِ فَقَالَ حُرِّمَ أَصْلُهَا لِمَكَانِ فَرْعِهَا قُلْتُ فَإِنَّ أَصْلَهَا فِي الْحَرَمِ وَفَرْعَهَا فِي الْحِلِّ فَقَالَ حُرِّمَ فَرْعُهَا لِمَكَانِ أَصْلِهَا.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a tree with its roots in non-al- Haram (the sacred area) and its branches in al-Haram (the sacred area). He (the Imam) said, ‘Its roots are prohibited because of its branches.’ I then asked, ‘What if its roots are al-Haram (the sacred area) and its branches in non-al-Haram (the sacred area)?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Its branches are prohibited because of its roots.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/82)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ يُخَلَّى عَنِ الْبَعِيرِ فِي الْحَرَمِ يَأْكُلُ مَا شَاءَ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from Hariz who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Camels can be left in al-Haram (the sacred area) to eat whatever it likes.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/82)



6ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي الشَّجَرَةِ يَقْلَعُهَا الرَّجُلُ مِنْ مَنْزِلِهِ فِي الْحَرَمِ قَالَ إِنْ بَنَى الْمَنْزِلَ وَالشَّجَرَةُ فِيهِ فَلَيْسَ لَهُ أَنْ يَقْلَعَهَا وَإِنْ كَانَتْ نَبَتَتْ فِي مَنْزِلِهِ وَهُوَ لَهُ فَلْيَقْلَعْهَا.


6. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Washsha’ from Hammad ibn ‘Uthman who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who cuts a tree in his house in al-Haram (the sacred area). He (the Imam) said, ‘If he built the house and the tree was there it is prohibited for him, but he could cut it if it grew after the house was built.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/83)