118. Entering Makkah

Back to book

1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مِنْ أَيْنَ أَدْخُلُ مَكَّةَ وَقَدْ جِئْتُ مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ فَقَالَ ادْخُلْ مِنْ أَعْلَى مَكَّةَ وَإِذَا خَرَجْتَ تُرِيدُ الْمَدِينَةَ فَاخْرُجْ مِنْ أَسْفَلِ مَكَّةَ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali ibn Faddal from Yunus ibn Ya’qub who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘From which point should I enter Makkah when coming from al-Madinah?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘Enter from the upper side of Makkah and leave it from its lower part.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/8)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ عَنْ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّهُ كَانَ إِذَا قَدِمَ مَكَّةَ بَدَأَ بِمَنْزِلِهِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَطُوفَ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Yahya, from Talhah ibn Zayd from Ja’far from his father, recipients of divine supreme covenant, who has said the following: “’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, after arriving in Makkah, first, would go to his lodging before performing Tawaf.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور وقد يعد موثقا - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/9)



3ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله قَالَ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ فِي كِتَابِهِ وَطَهِّرْ بَيْتِيَ لِلطَّائِفِينَ وَالْقَائِمِينَ وَالرُّكَّعِ السُّجُودِ فَيَنْبَغِي لِلْعَبْدِ أَنْ لا يَدْخُلَ مَكَّةَ إِلاَّ وَهُوَ طَاهِرٌ قَدْ غَسَلَ عَرَقَهُ وَالأَذَى وَتَطَهَّرَ.


3. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah from more than one person from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from Muhammad al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, has said in His book, ‘Cleanse My house for those who perform Tawaf, and Ttikaf, those who do Ruku‘ and those who do Sajdah therein.’ (22:28) A servant (of Allah) should not enter Makkah without cleansing, washing his perspiration and so on and without purification.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/9)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا انْتَهَيْتَ إِلَى الْحَرَمِ إِنْ شَاءَ الله فَاغْتَسِلْ حِينَ تَدْخُلُهُ وَإِنْ تَقَدَّمْتَ فَاغْتَسِلْ مِنْ بِئْرِ مَيْمُونٍ أَوْ مِنْ فَخٍّ أَوْ مِنْ مَنْزِلِكَ بِمَكَّةَ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when you, by the will of Allah, enter al-Haram (the sacred area), take a shower upon your arrival; but if you take it before your arrival, then take a shower in Bi’r Maymun (name of a place) or in Fakhkh or in your lodging in Makkah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/10)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ أَمَرَنَا أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنْ نَغْتَسِلَ مِنْ فَخٍّ قَبْلَ أَنْ نَدْخُلَ مَكَّةَ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad ibn ‘Uthaman from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, commanded us to take Ghusl (bath) from Fakhkh before entering Makkah.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/10)



6ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عَجْلانَ أَبِي صَالِحٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِذَا انْتَهَيْتَ إِلَى بِئْرِ مَيْمُونٍ أَوْ بِئْرِ عَبْدِ الصَّمَدِ فَاغْتَسِلْ وَاخْلَعْ نَعْلَيْكَ وَامْشِ حَافِياً وَعَلَيْكَ السَّكِينَةَ وَالْوَقَارَ.


6. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad and Muhammad ibn Yahya from Ahmad ibn Muhammad all from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from ‘Ajlan abu Salih who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When you arrive at Bi’r Maymun or Bi’r ‘Abd al- Samad, then take Ghusl (bath), take off your sandals and walk barefoot with calmness and dignity.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/10)



7ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَسَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ لِي إِنِ اغْتَسَلْتَ بِمَكَّةَ ثُمَّ نِمْتَ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَطُوفَ فَأَعِدْ غُسْلَكَ.


7. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from and Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Ali ibn abu Hamzah who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once said to me, ‘If you take Ghusl (bath) in Makkah then go to sleep, then before Tawaf, take Ghusl (bath) again.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/10)



8ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَغْتَسِلُ لِدُخُولِ مَكَّةَ ثُمَّ يَنَامُ فَيَتَوَضَّأُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَدْخُلَ أَ يُجْزِئُهُ ذَلِكَ أَوْ يُعِيدُ قَالَ لا يُجْزِئُهُ لأَنَّهُ إِنَّمَا دَخَلَ بِوُضُوءٍ.


8. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who takes Ghusl (bath) for entering Makkah then goes to sleep, then takes wudu’ before entering, if it is sufficient or he needs to do it again. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not sufficient because he has entered with wudu’ only.”’ (Fatwa best explains Ahadith 5-8 of this Chapter)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/10)



9ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّهُ قَالَ مَنْ دَخَلَهَا بِسَكِينَةٍ غُفِرَ لَهُ ذَنْبُهُ قُلْتُ كَيْفَ يَدْخُلُهَا بِسَكِينَةٍ قَالَ يَدْخُلُ غَيْرَ مُتَكَبِّرٍ وَلا مُتَجَبِّرٍ.


9. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘ Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that one who enters Makkah in a dignified manner, his sins are forgiven. I then asked, ‘How can one enter in a dignified manner?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘One should enter Makkah without being arrogant and oppressive.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/11)



10ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لا يَدْخُلُ مَكَّةَ رَجُلٌ بِسَكِينَةٍ إِلاَّ غُفِرَ لَهُ قُلْتُ مَا السَّكِينَةُ قَالَ يَتَوَاضَعُ.


10. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated, from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad, who has narrated from af-Hassan ibn Ali from Aban, from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that whoever enters Makkah in a dignified manner his sins are forgiven. I (the narrator) then asked, ‘What is a dignified manner?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘It is humbleness.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/11)