116. Entering the Sacred Area

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ تَغْلِبَ قَالَ كُنْتُ مَعَ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مُزَامَلَةً فِيمَا بَيْنَ مَكَّةَ وَالْمَدِينَةِ فَلَمَّا انْتَهَى إِلَى الْحَرَمِ نَزَلَ وَاغْتَسَلَ وَأَخَذَ نَعْلَيْهِ بِيَدَيْهِ ثُمَّ دَخَلَ الْحَرَمَ حَافِياً فَصَنَعْتُ مِثْلَ مَا صَنَعَ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَانُ مَنْ صَنَعَ مِثْلَ مَا رَأَيْتَنِي صَنَعْتُ تَوَاضُعاً لله مَحَا الله عَنْهُ مِائَةَ أَلْفِ سَيِّئَةٍ وَكَتَبَ لَهُ مِائَةَ أَلْفِ حَسَنَةٍ وَبَنَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَهُ مِائَةَ أَلْفِ دَرَجَةٍ وَقَضَى لَهُ مِائَةَ أَلْفِ حَاجَةٍ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘ Abd Allah from his father from al-Qasim ibn Ibrahim from Aban ibn Taghlib who has said the following: “I was in the presence of abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, as journey-mate between al-Madinah and Makkah. When we arrived at the area of al-Haram (the sacred area), he dismounted, took a shower, took his shoes in his hand and then entered the Sacred area barefoot. I also did as he had done. He said to me, ‘O Aban, if one does what you see me doing to show humbleness before Allah, Allah deletes one hundred thousand of his sins and writes down for him one hundred thousand good deeds. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, will build for him one hundred thousand degrees and makes his one hundred thousand wishes to come truth.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/5)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ السِّنْدِيِّ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حُسَيْنِ بْنِ الْمُخْتَارِ عَنْ أَبِي عُبَيْدَةَ قَالَ زَامَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِيمَا بَيْنَ مَكَّةَ وَالْمَدِينَةِ فَلَمَّا انْتَهَى إِلَى الْحَرَمِ اغْتَسَلَ وَأَخَذَ نَعْلَيْهِ بِيَدَيْهِ ثُمَّ مَشَى فِي الْحَرَمِ سَاعَةً. مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ الْمُخْتَارِ مِثْلَهُ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Salih ibn al-Sindiy from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Husayn ibn al-Mukhtar from abu ‘Ubaydah who has said the following: “I once accompanied abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, during a journey between Makkah and al-Madinah. When he arrived in al-Haram (the sacred area), he took a shower, then took his shoes in his hand and walked into al-Haram (the sacred area) for an hour.” Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Ali ibn al-Hakam from al- Husayn ibn al-Mukhtar a similar Hadith.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول وسنده الثاني موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/5)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِذَا دَخَلْتَ الْحَرَمَ فَتَنَاوَلْ مِنَ الإِذْخِرِ فَامْضَغْهُ وَكَانَ يَأْمُرُ أُمَّ فَرْوَةَ بِذَلِكَ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ah ibn al-Hakam from Ah ibn abu Hamzah from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When you enter al-Haram (the sacred area), take from al-Idhkhir and chew it well.’ He (the Imam) would instruct ‘Umm Farwah to also do so.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/5)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا دَخَلْتَ الْحَرَمَ فَخُذْ مِنَ الإِذْخِرِ فَامْضَغْهُ. قَالَ الْكُلَيْنِيُّ سَأَلْتُ بَعْضَ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ هَذَا فَقَالَ يُسْتَحَبُّ ذَلِكَ لِيَطِيبَ بِهَا الْفَمُ لِتَقْبِيلِ الْحَجَرِ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when you enter al-Haram (the sacred area), take from al-Idhkhir and chew it well.” Al-Kulayniy has said, ‘I asked about it from our people and he replied, “It is preferable to freshen one’s mouth, so that one can kiss the Black Stone without bad breath.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/6)



5ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ ذَرِيحٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْغُسْلِ فِي الْحَرَمِ قَبْلَ دُخُولِهِ أَوْ بَعْدَ دُخُولِهِ قَالَ لا يَضُرُّكَ أَيَّ ذَلِكَ فَعَلْتَ وَإِنِ اغْتَسَلْتَ بِمَكَّةَ فَلا بَأْسَ وَإِنِ اغْتَسَلْتَ فِي بَيْتِكَ حِينَ تَنْزِلُ بِمَكَّةَ فَلا بَأْسَ.


5. Abu Ah al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from Dharih who has said the following: “I asked him (the source is not mentioned) about taking a shower in al-Haram (the sacred area) before or after entering. He replied, ‘Either way is not harmful. You may take a shower when you are in Makkah or take a shower at home when you are about to enter Makkah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/6)