Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of the evil-wisher
Hadith #1

أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن أحمد بن أبي عبد الله، عن محمد ابن علي الكوفي، عن عبيد الله الدهقان، عن درست بن أبي منصور الواسطي، عن إبراهيم ابن عبد الحميد، عن أبي الحسن موسى عليه السلام قال: جاء رجل إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وآله فقال: يا رسول الله قد علمت ابني هذا الكتاب، ففي أي شئ أسلمه؟ فقال: سلمه لله أبوك ولا تسلمه في خمس: لا تسلمه سياء ولا صائغا ولا قصابا ولا حناطا ولا نخاسا فقال: يا رسول الله وما السياء؟ قال: الذي يبيع الأكفان ويتمنى موت أمتي وللمولود عن أمتي أحب إلي مما طلعت عليه الشمس. وأما الصائغ فإنه يعالج غبن أمتي . وأما القصاب فإنه يذبح حتى تذهب الرحمة من قلبه. وأما الحناط فإنه يحتكر الطعام على أمتي ولئن يلقى الله العبد سارقا أحب إلي من أن يلقاه قد احتكر طعاما أربعين يوما. وأما النخاس فإنه أتاني جبرئيل عليه السلام فقال: يا محمد إن شرار أمتك الذين يبيعون الناس

1. My father, may Allah grant him mercy, said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, from Ahmad bin Abi Abdillah, from Muhammed ibn Ali al-Kufi, from Ubaidullah al-Dahqan, from Darast bin Abi Mansur al-Wasiti, from Ibrahim ibn Abdil-Hamid, from Abu’l-Hasan, Musa, peace be upon him, that he said: A man came to the Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, and said: O Messenger of Allah, I have taught my son this book, so for what thing shall I give it? He said: Give it, for the sake of Allah, to your father, and do not give it to five: do not give it to an evil-wisher, nor a goldsmith, nor a slaughterer, nor a wheat seller, nor a slave trader. Then he said: O Messenger of Allah, and what is an evil-wisher? He said: The one who sells winding sheets and wishes for the death of my nation, whereas the one born from my nation is more beloved to me than what the sun has shined upon. As for the goldsmith, he treats the fraud of my nation. As for the slaughterer, he slaughters until mercy departs his heart. As for the wheat seller, he corners food from my nation, whereas for a servant to meet Allah as a thief is more beloved to me than if he meets Him having cornered food for forty days. As for the slave trader, indeed, Jibra’eel, peace be upon him, came to me and said: O Muhammed, indeed, the evil ones from your nation are those who sell people.