Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The chapter of the meaning of Allah, Glorious and Exalted is He
Hadith #1

أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن القاسم بن يحيى، عن جده الحسن بن راشد، عن أبي الحسن موسى بن جعفر عليهما السلام، قال سئل عن معنى " الله " عز وجل، فقال: استولى على ما دق وجل.

1. My father, may Allah grant him mercy, said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, from Ahmad bin Muhammed bin ‘Isa, from Qasim bin Yahya, from his grandfather, Hasan bin Rashid, from Abu’l-Hasan, Musa bin Ja’far, peace be upon them both, that he said: He was asked about the meaning of Allah, Glorious and Exalted is He, so he said: He has taken possession over the tiny and the magnified.



Hadith #2

حدثنا محمد بن القاسم الجرجاني المفسر - رضي الله عنه - قال: حدثنا أبو يعقوب يوسف بن محمد بن زياد، وأبو الحسن علي بن محمد بن سيار وكانا من الشيعة الإمامية، عن أبويهما، عن الحسن بن علي بن محمد عليهم السلام في قول الله عز وجل: " بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم " قال: الله هو الذي يتأله إليه عند الحوائج والشدائد كل مخلوق وعند انقطاع الرجاء من كل من دونه وتقطع الأسباب من جميع من سواه، تقول: " بسم الله " أي أستعين على أموري كلها بالله الذي لا تحق العبادة إلا له، المغيث إذا استغيث. والمجيب إذا دعي، وهو ما قال رجل للصادق عليه السلام: يا بن رسول الله دلني على الله ما هو فقد أكثر علي المجادلون وحيروني. فقال له: يا عبد الله هل ركبت سفينة قط؟ قال: نعم. قال: فهل كسرت بك حيث لا سفينة تنجيك، ولا سباحة تغنيك؟ قال: نعم. قال: فهل تعلق قلبك هنالك أن شيئا من الأشياء قادر على أن يخلصك من ورطتك؟ قال: نعم. قال الصادق عليه السلام: فذلك الشئ هو الله القادر على الانجاء حيث لا منجي، وعلى الإغاثة حيث لا مغيث.

2. We were told by Muhammed bin Qasim al-Jarjani, the exegete, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: We were told by Abu Ya’qub, Yusuf bin Muhammed bin Ziyad, and Abu’l-Hasan, Ali bin Muhammed bin Sayyar – and they were from among the Imami Shi’a – of their fathers, from Hasan bin Ali bin Muhammed, peace be upon them, with regards to the saying of Allah, Glorious and Exalted is He: «Bism-il-Laah-ir-Rahmaan-ir-Raheem» (1:1) He said: «Allah is He to whom it is sought refuge at the occasions of needs and hardships by every creature when hope is broken from all besides Him, and means are disconnected from everything except Him. You say: Bism-il-Laah, meaning: I seek assistance upon all my matters from Allah, whom servitude is not right except to Him, the Succorer if He is appealed for succor, and the Responder if He is called upon. It is what a man said to al-Sadiq, peace be upon him: O son of Allah’s Messenger, guide me to Allah, what is He? For indeed, the polemicists have given me abundantly and confused me. Then he said to him: O servant of Allah, have you ever boarded a ship? He said: Yes. He said: Then, has it broken with you to the extent that no ship could save you, nor could swimming be sufficient for you? He said: Yes. He said: Then, did it, therein, connect to your heart that there is a thing among things that is able to save you from your hazard? He said: Yes. Al-Sadiq, peace be upon him, said: Then, that Thing is Allah, the One Able to rescue when there is no rescuer, and to succor when there is no succorer.