Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of the sun, the moon, zuhra and Two farqads
Hadith #1

حدثنا أبو الحسن محمد بن عمر [و] بن علي بن عبد الله البصري، قال: حدثنا أبو بكر عبد الله بن علي الكرخي، قال: حدثنا أبو بكر محمد بن عبد الله، قال: حدثنا أبي قال: حدثنا عبد الرزاق الصنعاني، قال: حدثنا معمر، عن الزهري، عن أنس بن مالك قال: صلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله صلاة الفجر، فلما انفتل من صلاته أقبل علينا بوجهه الكريم على الله عز وجل ثم قال: معاشر الناس من افتقد الشمس فليستمسك بالقمر، ومن افتقد القمر فليستمسك بالزهرة، فمن افتقد الزهرة فليستمسك بالفرقدين. ثم قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: أنا الشمس، وعلي القمر، وفاطمة الزهرة، والحسن والحسين الفرقدان. وكتاب الله لا يفترقان حتى يردا علي الحوض.

1. We were told by Abu’l-Hasan, Muhammed bin Amru bin Ali bin Abdullah al-Basri, that he said: We were told by Abu Bakr, Abdullah bin Ali al-Karkhi, that he said: We were told by Abu Bakr, Muhammed bin Abdullah, that he said: We were told by my father, that he said: We were told by Abdul-Razzaq al-San’ani, that he said: we were told by Mu’ammar, from Zuhri, from Anas bin Malik, that he said: The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, performed the dawn prayer, and when he departed his prayer, he approached us with his face, that is dignified for Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, and then he said: All people, the one who misses the sun, let him adhere to the moon, and the one who misses the moon, let him adhere to Zuhra [1], and the one who misses Zuhra, let him adhere to the Two Farqads [2]. Then the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said: I am the Sun, Ali is the Moon, Fatima is the Zuhra and Hasan and Hussain are the two Farqads. So is the Book of Allah; they will not be separated until they come to me at the basin.



Hadith #2

حدثنا أبو الحسن محمد بن عمر [و] البصري، قال: حدثنا أبو القاسم نصر بن الحسين الصفار النهاوندي بها، قال: حدثنا أبو الفرج أحمد بن محمد بن خوزي السامري، قال: حدثنا أبو بكر القاسم بن إبراهيم القنطري، قال: حدثنا إبراهيم بن خالد الحلواني، قال حدثنا محمد بن خلف العسقلاني، قال: حدثنا محمد بن السري، عن محمد بن المنكدر، عن جابر بن عبد الله، قال. قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: اقتدوا بالشمس فإذا غابت الشمس فاقتدوا بالقمر، فإذا غاب القمر فاقتدوا بالزهرة فإذا غابت الزهرة فاقتدوا بالفرقدين فقالوا: يا رسول الله فما الشمس؟ وما القمر؟ وما الزهرة؟ وما الفرقدان؟ فقال: أنا الشمس، و علي القمر، والزهرة فاطمة، والفرقدان الحسن والحسين.

2. We were told by Abu’l-Hasan, Muhammed bin Amru al-Basri, that he said: We were told by Abu’l-Qasim, Nasr bin Hussain al-Saffar al-Nahawandi, in it [1], that he said: We were told by Abu’l-Faraj, Ahmad bin Muhammed Khouzi al-Samiri, that he said: We were told by Abu Bakr, Qasim bin Ibrahim al-Qantari, that he said: We were told by Ibrahim bin Khalid al-Halwani, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Khalaf al-‘Asqalani, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Surri, from Muhammed bin Munkadir, from Jabir bin Abdullah, that he said: The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said: Follow the sun, and if the sun is absent, follow the moon, and if the moon is absent, follow the Zuhra, and if the Zuhra is absent, follow the two Farqads. Then they said: O Messenger of Allah, what is the sun? And what is the moon? And what is the Zuhra? And what are the two Farqads? So he said: I am the Sun, Ali is the Moon, the Zuhra is Fatima and the Two Farqads are Hasan and Hussain.



Hadith #3

حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن عبد الرحمن المقري قال: حدثنا أبو الحسن علي بن الحسن بن بندار، قال: حدثنا أبو الحسن بن حيسون، قال: حدثنا القاسم بن إبراهيم، قال: حدثنا إبراهيم بن خالد الواسطي، قال: حدثنا محمد بن خلف. قال: حدثنا عبد الله ابن السري، عن محمد بن المنكدر، عن جابر بن عبد الله، عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله أنه قال: " اقتدوا بالشمس.. " - وذكر الحديث مثله سواء -.

3. We were told by Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Abdul-Rahman al-Maqarri, that he said: We were told by Abu’l-Abbas, Ali bin Hasan bin Bandar, that he said: We were told by Abu’l-Hasan bin Haisoun, that he said: We were told by Qasim bin Ibrahim, that he said: We were Ibrahim bin Khalid al-Wasiti, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Khalaf, that he said: We were told by Abdullah ibn Surri, from Muhammed bin Munkadir, from Jabir bin Abdullah, of the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, that he said: «Follow the sun» and the mentioned narration, the same, equally.



Hadith #4

حدثنا أبو علي أحمد بن أبي جعفر البيهقي، قال: حدثنا علي بن جعفرالمديني قال: حدثنا أبو جعفر المحاربي، قال: حدثنا ظهير بن صالح العمري، قال: حدثنا يحيى بن تميم، قال: أخبرنا المعتمر بن سليمان، عن أبيه، عن يزيد الرقاشي، عن أنس بن مالك قال: صلى بنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله صلاة الفجر فما انفتل من صلاته أقبل علينا بوجهه الكريم فقال: معاشر الناس من افتقد الشمس فليستمسك بالقمر، ومن افتقد القمر فليستمسك بالزهرة، ومن افتقد الزهرة فليستمسك بالفرقدين. قيل: يا رسول الله ما الشمس والقمر والزهرة والفرقدان؟ قال: أنا الشمس، وعلي القمر، وفاطمة الزهرة، والحسن والحسين الفرقدان، وكتاب الله لا يفترقان حتى يردا علي الحوض.

4. We were told by Abu Ali, Ahmad bin Abi Ja’far al-Bayhaqi, that he said: We were told by Ali bin Ja’far al-Madini, that he said: We were told by Abu Ja’far al-Muharibi, that he said: We were told by Dhaheer bin Saleh al-‘Amri, that he said: We were told by Yahya bin Tamim, that he said: We were informed by Mu’tamir bin Sulayman, from his father, from Yazid al-Raqqashi, from Anas bin Malik, that he said: The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, lead us in the dawn prayer, and when he departed from it, he approached us with his generous face and said: All people, the one who misses the sun, let him adhere to the moon, and the one who misses the moon, let him adhere to Zuhra, and the one who misses Zuhra, let him adhere to the Two Farqads. It was said: O Allah’s Messenger, what is the sun, the moon, the Zuhra and the two Farqads? He said: I am the Sun, Ali is the Moon, Fatima is the Zuhra and Hasan and Hussain are the two Farqads. So is the Book of Allah; they will not be separated until they come to me at the basin.