Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of raghba, rahba, tabattul, ibtihal, tadharru’ and basbasa during prayer
Hadith #1

حدثنا المظفر بن جعفر بن المظفر العلوي السمرقندي - رضي الله عنه - قال: حدثنا جعفر بن محمد بن مسعود، عن أبيه قال: حدثنا محمد بن نصير، قال: حدثنا أحمد بن محمد ابن عيسى، عن الحسين بن سعيد، عن ابن أبي عمير، عن أبي أيوب الخزاز، عن محمد بن مسلم، عن أبي عبد الله صلوات الله عليه في قول الله عز وجل: " فما استكانوا لربهم وما يتضرعون " قال: التضرع رفع اليدين.

1. We were told by Mudaffar bin Ja’far bin Mudaffar al-Alawi al-Samarqandi, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: We were told by Ja’far bin Muhammed bin Mas’ud, from his father, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Naseer, that he said: We were told by Ahmad bin Muhammed ibn Isa, from Hussain bin Sa’eed, from Ibn Abi ‘Umayr, from Abu Ayub al-Khazzaz, from Muhammed bin Muslim, from Abu Abdillah, Allah’s blessings be upon him, with regards to the saying of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: «but they did not yield to their Lord, nor did they humbly supplicate (by raising their hands)» (23:76) He said: Tadharru’ is to raise the hands.



Hadith #2

حدثنا المظفر بن جعفر بن المظفر العلوي - رضي الله عنه - قال: حدثنا جعفر ابن محمد بن مسعود، عن أبيه، عن جعفر بن أحمد ، قال: حدثني العمركي، عن علي بن جعفر، عن أخيه موسى بن جعفر عليهما السلام، قال: التبتل أن تقلب كفيك في الدعاء إذا دعوت، والابتهال أن تبسطهما وتقدمهما، والرغبة أن تستقل براحتيك السماء وتستقبل بهما وجهك، والرهبة أن تكفئ كفيك فترفعهما إلى الوجه، والتضرع أن تحرك إصبعيك وتشير بهما. وفي حديث آخر: أن البصبصة، أن ترفع سبابتيك إلى السماء، وتحركهما وتدعو.

2. We were told by Mudaffar bin Ja’far bin Mudaffar al-Alawi, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: We were told by Ja’far ibn Muhammed bin Mas’ud, from his father, from Ja’far bin Ahmad, that he said: I was told by al-‘Amarki, from Ali bin Ja’far, from his brother, Musa bin Ja’far, peace be upon them both, that he said: Tabattul is that you turn your palms around during prayer [1] when you pray. Ibtihal is that you extend them and bring them forward. Raghba is that you face with your palms to the sky and that you face with them your face. Rahba is that you incline your palms by which you raise them to the face. Tadharru’ is that you move your two fingers and point with them. In another narration: Basbasa is that you raise your index fingers to the sky, make them move and pray.