Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of aal, ahl, ‘itra and ummah
Hadith #1

أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن محمد بن الحسن، عن جعفر ابن بشير، عن الحسين بن أبي العلاء، عن عبد الله بن ميسرة، قال: قلت لأبي عبد الله عليه السلام: إنا نقول: اللهم صل على محمد وآل محمد . فيقول قوم: نحن آل محمد فقال: إنما آل محمد من حرم الله عز وجل على محمد نكاحه.

1. My father, may Allah grant him mercy, said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, from Muhammed bin Hasan, from Ja’far ibn Basheer, from Hussain bin Abi’l-‘Alaa’, from Abdullah bin Maysara, that he said: I said to Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him: We only say: «O Allah, send Your blessings upon Muhammed and the Family of Muhammed» Some people then say: «We are the Family of Muhammed. Then he said: The Family of Muhammed are only those whom Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, forbade Muhammed to marry.



Hadith #2

حدثنا محمد بن الحسن - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا محمد بن يحيى العطار، عن محمد ابن أحمد، عن إبراهيم بن إسحاق، عن محمد بن سليمان الديلمي، عن أبيه قال: قلت لأبي عبد الله عليه السلام: جعلت فداك من الآل؟ قال: ذريته محمد صلى الله عليه وآله. قال: فقلت: ومن الأهل؟ قال: الأئمة عليهم السلام. فقلت: قوله عز وجل: " أدخلوا آل فرعون أشد العذاب " قال: والله ما عنى إلا ابنته.

2. We were told by Muhammed bin Hasan, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Yahya al-‘Attar, from Muhammed ibn Ahmad, from Ibrahim bin Ishaq, from Muhammed bin Sulayman al-Daylami, from his father, that he said: I said to Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him: May I be sacrificed for you. Who are the Aal? He said: The offspring of Muhammed, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family. He said: Then I said: And who are the Ahl? He said: The Imams, peace be upon them. So I said: The saying of Him, Exalted and Glorious is He: «Enter, (O) Family of Pharao, into the most severe punishment» (40:46) He said: By Allah, he did not mean other than his daughter.



Hadith #3

وحدثنا أبي - رضي الله عنه - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، قال: حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن الحسن بن علي بن فضال، عن علي بن أبي حمزة، عن أبي بصير قال: قلت لأبي عبد الله عليه السلام: من آل محمد صلى الله عليه وآله؟ قال: ذريته. فقلت: أهل بيته؟ قال: الأئمة الأوصياء. فقلت: من عترته؟ قال: أصحاب العباء. فقلت: من أمته؟ قال: المؤمنون الذين صدقوا بما جاء به من عند الله عز وجل، المتمسكون بالثقلين اللذين أمروا بالتمسك بهما: كتاب الله عز وجل، وعترته أهل بيته الذين أذهب الله عنهم الرجس وطهرهم تطهيرا. وهما الخليفتان على الأمة بعده عليه السلام.

3. We were told by my father, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, that he said: We were told by Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Isa, from Hasan bin Ali bin Faddal, from Ali bin Abi Hamza, from Abu Baseer, that he said: I said to Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him: Who are the Aal of Muhammed, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family? He said: His offspring. Then I said: His Household? He said: The Succeeding Imams. Then I said: Then who are his ‘Itra’? He said: The people of the Cloak. Then I said: Who are his nation ? He said: The believers who believed in what he brought from Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, who adhere to the Two Weighty Things whom they were ordered adherence to: the Book of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, and his ‘Itra, his Household, from whom Allah has removed all impurity and purified a (complete) purification. They are the Two Successors over the nation after him, peace be upon him.