Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of the witness and the witnessed, and the meaning of the Day for which people gather
Hadith #1

أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا أحمد بن إدريس، عن محمد بن أحمد بن يحيى، ومحمد ابن علي بن محبوب، عن محمد بن عيسى بن عبيد، عن صفوان بن يحيى، عن إسماعيل بن جابر عن رجاله، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام في قول الله عز وجل: " ذلك يوم مجموع له الناس وذلك يوم مشهود " قال: المشهود يوم عرفة والمجموع له الناس يوم القيامة.

1. My father, may Allah grant him mercy, said: We were told by Ahmad bin Idrees, from Muhammed bin Ahmad bin Yahya, and Muhammed ibn Ali bin Mahbub, from Muhammed bin Isa bin ‘Ubaid, from Safwan bin Yahya, from Isma’eel bin Jabir, from his narrators, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, with regards to the saying of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: «That is a Day for which the people will gather, and that is a Day that is (to be) witnessed.» (11:103) He said: That which is the witnessed is the Day of Arafah, and that for which people will gather is the Day of Resurrection.



Hadith #2

حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد، قال: حدثني محمد بن الحسن الصفار عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن ابن فضال، عن أبي جميلة، عن محمد بن علي الحلبي، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلا م في قوله عز وجل: " وشاهد ومشهود قال: الشاهد يوم الجمعة، والمشهود يوم عرفة.

2. We were told by Muhammed bin Hasan bin Ahmad bin Waleed, that he said: I was told by Muhammed bin Hasan al-Saffar, from Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Isa, from Ibn Faddal, from Abu Jameela, from Muhammed bin Ali al-Halabi, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, with regards to the saying of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: «And by the witness, and by what is to be witnessed» (85:3). He said: The witness is Friday, and that which is to be witnessed is the Day of Arafah.



Hadith #3

حدثنا أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا محمد بن يحيى العطار، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن موسى بن القاسم، عن محمد بن أبي عمير، عن أبان بن عثمان، عن عبد الرحمن بن أبي عبد الله عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام أنه قال: الشاهد يوم الجمعة والمشهود يوم عرفة والموعود يوم القيامة.

3. We were told by my father, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Yahya al-‘Attar, from Ahmad bin Muhammed, from Musa bin Qasem, from Muhammed bin Abi ‘Umayr, from Aban bin Uthman, from Abdul-Rahman bin Abi Abdillah, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, that he said: The witness is Friday, that which is to be witnessed is the Day of Arafah and that which is promised is the Day of Resurrection.



Hadith #4

حدثنا محمد بن الحسن، قال: حدثنا الحسين بن الحسن بن أبان، عن الحسين ابن سعيد، عن صفوان، عن يعقوب بن شعيب، قال: سألت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام عن قول الله عز وجل: " وشاهد ومشهود " قال: الشاهد يوم عرفة.

4. We were told by Muhammed bin Hasan, that he said: We were told by Hussain bin Hasan bin Aban, from Hussain ibn Sa’eed, from Safwan, from Ya’qoub bin Shu’ayb, that he said: I asked Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, about the saying of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: «And by the witness, and by what is to be witnessed» (85:3). He said: The witness is the Day of Arafah.



Hadith #5

وبهذا الاسناد، عن الحسين بن سعيد، عن النضر بن سويد، عن محمد بن هاشم، عمن روى عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: سأله الأبرش الكلبي عن قول الله عز وجل: " وشاهد ومشهود " فقال أبو جعفر عليه السلام: ما قيل لك؟ فقال: قالوا: الشاهد يوم الجمعة، والمشهود يوم عرفة، فقال أبو جعفر عليه السلام: ليس كما قيل لك، الشاهد يوم عرفة والمشهود يوم القيامة، أما تقرء القرآن؟ قال الله عز وجل: " ذلك يوم مجمع له الناس وذلك يوم مشهود ".

5. With this chain of narrators, from Hussain bin Sa’eed, from Nadr bin Suwayd, from Muhammed bin Hashim, from the one who narrated from Abu Ja’far, peace be upon him, that he said: Al-Abrash al-Kalbi asked him about the saying of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: «And by the witness, and by what is to be witnessed» (85:3). Then Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, said: What was said to you? He said: They said: The witness is Friday and that which is to be witnessed is the Day of Arafah. Abu Ja’far, peace be upon him, then said: It is not like what was said to you. The witness is the Day of Arafah and that which is to be witnessed is the Day of Resurrection. Do you not read the Qur’an? Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, said: «That is a Day for which the people will gather, and that is a Day that is (to be) witnessed.» (11:103)



Hadith #6

وبهذا الاسناد، عن الحسين بن سعيد، عن فضالة، عن أبان، عن أبي الجارود عن أحدهما عليهما السلام في قول الله عز وجل: " وشاهد ومشهود " قال: الشاهد يوم الجمعة والمشهود يوم عرفة والموعود يوم القيامة.

6. With this chain of narrators, from Hussain bin Sa’eed, from Fadala, from Aban, from Abu’l-Jaroud, from one of the two, peace be upon them both, with regards to the saying of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: «And by the witness, and by what is to be witnessed» (85:3). He said: The witness is Friday, that which is to be witnessed is the Day of Arafah and that which is promised is the Day of Resurrection.



Hadith #7

أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا أحمد بن إدريس، عن عمران بن موسى، عن الحسن ابن موسى الخشاب، عن علي بن حسان، عن عبد الرحمن بن كثير الهاشمي مولى أبي جعفر محمد بن علي ، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام في قول الله عز وجل: " وشاهد ومشهود " قال: النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وأمير المؤمنين عليه السلام.

7. My father, may Allah grant him mercy, said: We were told by Ahmad bin Idrees, from Imran bin Musa, from Hasan ibn Musa al-Khashhab, from Ali bin Hassaan, from Abdul-Rahman bin Kathir al-Hashimi, the servant of Abu Ja’far, Muhammed bin Ali, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, with regards to the saying of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: «And by the witness, and by what is to be witnessed» (85:3). He said: The Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family and the Commander of the Believers, peace be upon him.