Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of the prohibition of exchange with regards to marriage
Hadith #1

حدثنا أبو أحمد القاسم بن محمد بن أحمد بن عبدويه السراج الزاهد الهمداني بهمدان، قال: حدثنا أبو عمرو أحمد بن الحسين بن عمرون، قال: حدثنا إبراهيم بن أحمد بن نعيس البغدادي، قال: حدثنا ابن الحماني، قال: حدثنا عبد السلام، عن إسحاق بن عبد الله ابن أبي فروة، عن زيد بن أسلم، عن عطاء بن يسار، عن أبي هريرة قال: كان البدل في الجاهلية أن يقول الرجل للرجل: بادلني بامرأتك وأبادلك بامرأتي تنزل لي عن امرأتك فأنزل لك عن امرأتي فأنزل الله عز وجل: " ولا أن تبدل بهن من أزواج ولو أعجبك حسنهن " قال: فدخل عيينة بن حصن على النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وعنده عائشة فدخل بغير إذن فقال له النبي صلى الله عليه وآله: فأين الاستيذان؟ قال: ما استأذنت على رجل مضر منذ أدركت، ثم قال: من هذه الحميراء إلى جنبك؟ فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: هذه عائشة أم المؤمنين، قال عيينة: أفلا أنزل لك عن أحسن الخلق وتنزل عنها؟ فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: إن الله عز وجل قد حرم ذلك علي، فما خرج قالت له عائشة: من هذا يا رسول الله؟ قال: هذا أحمق مطاع، وإنه على ما ترين سيد قومه.

1. We were told by Abu Ahmad, Qasem bin Muhammed bin Ahmad bin ‘Abdawayh al-Sarraj al-Zahid al-Hamedani, in Hamedan, that he said: We were told by Abu Amru, Ahmad bin Husssain bin ‘Amroun, that he said: We were told by Ibrahim bin Ahmad bin Na’ees al-Baghdadi, that he said:We were told by Ibn Hammani, that he said: We were told by Abdul-Salam, from Ishaq bin Abdullah ibn Abi Farwa, from Zaid bin Aslam, from ‘Ataa’ bin Yasar, from Abu Huraira, that he said: Exchange during the Jahiliyawas that a man says to another man: «Exchange me with your wife and I will exchange you with my wife; you step down for me from your wife, and I step down for you from my wife.» Then Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, sent down: «nor (is it) for you to exchange them for (other) wives, even if their beauty impress you» (33:52) He said: ‘Uyayna bin Huss’ain entered into the place of the Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, and with him was Aisha, and he entered without permission. The Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, then said: And where is your request for permission? He said: I have not sought permission (to enter) upon (the house of) a man from Mudhar since I reached maturity. Then he said: Who is this Humaira [1] next to you? Then the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said: This is Aisha, the Mother of the Believers. ‘Uyayna said: Shall I not step down for you from the best of creation, and you step down for me from her? The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said: This is a fool that is obeyed, and he is, indeed, as you see, the master of his people.