Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of ‘urs, khurs, ‘idhar, wikar and rikaz
Hadith #1

حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد - رضي الله عنه - قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار، عن محمد بن يحيى العطار، قال: حدثني محمد بن أحمد، قال: حدثني أبو عبد الله الرازي، عن سجادة، عن موسى بن بكر، قال: قال أبو الحسن الأول عليه السلام: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: لا وليمة إلا في خمس في عرس، أو عذار، أو وكار، أو ركاز. فأما العرس فالتزويج، والخرس النفاس بالولد، والعذار الختان، والوكار الذي يشتري الدار، والركاز الرجل يقدم من مكة.

1. We were told by Muhammed bin Hasan bin Ahmad bin Waleed, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Hasan al-Saffar, from Muhammed bin Yahya al-‘Attar, that he said: I was told by Muhammed bin Ahmad, that he said: I was told by Abu Abdillah al-Razi, from Sajjada, from Musa bin Bikr, that he said: Abu’l-Hasan, the First, peace be upon him, said: The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said: There should be no feast except in for five: ‘urs, khurs, ‘idhar, wikar or rikaz. As for ‘urs, it is marriage, khurs is postpartum after (having given birth to) a child and ‘idhar is circumcision. The wikar is the one who buys a house, and rikaz is when a man approaches from Mecca.



Hadith #2

قال مصنف هذا الكتاب - رضي الله عنه - سمعت: بعض أهل اللغة يقول في معنى الوكار: يقال للطعام الذي يدعا إليه الناس عند بناء الدار أو شرائها: " الوكيرة " والوكار منه، والطعام الذي يتخذ للقدوم من السفر يقال له: " النقيعة " ويقال له: " الوكار " أيضا. والركاز الغنيمة كأنه يريد أن في اتخاذ الطعام للقدوم من مكة غنيمة لصاحبه من الثواب الجزيل ومنه قول النبي صلى الله عليه وآله: " الصوم في الشتاء الغنيمة الباردة " وقال أهل العراق: الركاز: المعادن كلها، وقال أهل الحجاز: الركاز: المال المدفون خاصة مما كنزه بنو آدم قبل الاسلام. كذلك ذكره أبو عبيد. ولا قوة إلا بالله. أخبرنا بذلك أبو الحسين محمد بن هارون الزنجاني فيما كتب إلي عن علي بن عبد العزيز، عن أبي عبيد القاسم بن سلام.

The compiler of this book, may Allah be pleased with him, said: I heard some of the people of language say with regards to the meaning of wikar: It is said about food to which people are invited when a house is built or bought: wakeera, and wikar stems from it. The food that is made for the arrival (of someone) from travel, is called naqee’a. It is also called wikar. Rikaz refers to profit. It is as if he indicates that making food for the approaching from Mecca includes a profit to its maker of abundant reward, and from this meaning is the saying of the Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family: «Fasting during winter is the cold profit». The people of Iraq have said: rikaz applies to all metals. The people of Hijaz have said: rikaz refers exclusively to buried property from what has been saved by the sons of Adam before Islam. That is how it was mentioned by Abu Ubaida as well, and there is no saying except by Allah. We were informed of that by Abu’l-Hasan, Muhammed bin Harun al-Zanjani, among what he wrote to me, from Ali bin Abdul-Aziz, from Abu Ubaida, Qasem bin Salam.