Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of the munificent
Hadith #1

أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن أحمد بن محمد بن خالد، عن أبيه، عن أبي الجهم، عن موسى بن بكر، عن أحمد بن مسلم، قال: سأل رجل أبا الحسن عليه السلام وهو في الطواف فقال له: أخبرني عن الجواد. فقال: إن لكلامك وجهين، فإن كنت تسأل عن المخلوق فإن الجواد: الذي يؤدي ما افترض الله عليه. وإن كنت تسأل عن الخالق فهو الجواد إن أعطى وهو الجواد إن منع لأنه إن أعطاك أعطاك ما ليس لك وإن منعك منعك ما ليس لك.

1. My father, may Allah grant him mercy, said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, from Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Khalid, from his father, from Abu’l-Jahm, from Musa bin Bikr, from Ahmad bin Muslim, that he said: A man asked Abu’l-Hasan, peace be upon him, while he was during the circling, so he said to him: Inform me about the munificent. He said: Indeed, to your speech are two indications. If you were to ask about the created, the munificent is, indeed, the one who fulfils what Allah has obliged upon him. If you were to ask about the Creator, He is the Munificent when He gives, and He is the Munificent when He prevents, because when He gives you, He gives you what is not yours, and when He prevents, He prevents you from what is not yours.