Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of the ssaa’ and mudd, and the difference between the ssaa’ and mudd’ of water, and the ssaa’ and mudd of food
Hadith #1

أبي ومحمد بن الحسن - رحمهما الله - قالا: حدثنا أحمد بن إدريس، ومحمد بن يحيى العطار، عن محمد بن أحمد، عن علي بن محمد، عن رجل، عن سليمان بن حفص المروزي قال: قال أبو الحسن عليه السلام: الغسل صاع من ماء والوضوء مد من ماء وصاع النبي صلى الله عليه وآله خمسة أمداد والمد وزن مائتي وثمانين درهما والدرهم وزن ستة دوانيق والدانق ستة حبات والحبة وزن حبتي شعير من أوساط الحب لا من صغاره ولا من كباره.

1. My father and Muhammed bin Hasan, may Allah grant them both mercy, both said: We were told by Ahmad bin Idrees, and Muhammed bin Yahya al-‘Attar, from Muhammed bin Ahmad, from Ali bin Muhammed, from a man, from Sulayman bin Hafs al-Marouzi, that he said: Abu’l-Hasan, peace be upon him, said: Ghusl [1] is (performed with) a ssaa’ of water, and Wudu is (performed with) a mudd of water. The ssaa’ of the Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, is (consisting of) five mudds, and a mudd is the weight of two hundred and eighty dirhams, and one dirham is the weight of six dawaneeq [2], and one daniq is (consisting of) six kernels, and one kernel is (consisting of) two seeds of barley, from the average seeds, not from their small ones nor big ones.



Hadith #2

وبهذا الاسناد، عن محمد بن أحمد، عن جعفر بن إبراهيم بن محمد الهمداني - قال: وكان معنا حاجا - قال: كتبت إلى أبي الحسن عليه السلام على يد أبي: جعلت فداك إن أصحابنا اختلفوا في الصاع، بعضهم يقول: الفطرة بصاع المدينة، وبعضهم يقول: بصاع العراق. فكتب إلي: الصاع ستة أرطال بالمدني وتسعة أرطال بالعراقي. قال: وأخبرني فقال: إنه بالوزن يكون ألفا ومائة وسبعين وزنا.

2. With this chain of narrators, from Muhammed bin Ahmad, from Ja’far bin Ibrahim bin Muhammed al-Hamdani, that he said, and he was with us, performing pilgrimage. He said: I wrote to Abu’l-Hasan, peace be upon him, on the hands of my father: May I be sacrificed for you, our companions have disputed with regards to (the measurement of) a ssaa’. Some of them say that (the alms tax of) the Fitra is (given by the amount of) a ssaa’ of Medina, and some of them say the ssaa’ of Iraq. Then he wrote to me: A ssaa’ is (consisting of) six pounds by the Medinian standard, and nine pounds by the Iraqi standard. He said: He also informed me and said: In measurement, it is one thousand and one hundred and seventy measures.



Hadith #3

وبهذا الاسناد، عن محمد بن أحمد، عن محمد بن عبد الجبار، عن أبي القاسم الكوفي أنه جاء بمد وذكر أن ابن أبي عمير أعطاه ذلك المد وقال: أعطانيه فلان رجل من أصحاب أبي عبد الله عليه السلام وقال: أعطانيه أبو عبد الله عليه السلام وقال: هذا مد النبي صلى الله عليه وآله فعيرناه فوجدناه أربعة أمداد وهو قفيز وربع بقفيزنا هذا.

3. With this chain of narrators, from Muhammed bin Ahmad, from Muhammed bin Abdul-Jabbar, from Abu’l-Qasem al-Kufi, that he came with a mudd and mentioned that Ibn Abi ‘Umayr gave him that mudd and said: It was given to me by such-a-person, a man from the companions of Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, and he said: It was given to me by Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, and he said: This is the (measurement of the) mudd of the Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family. So we measured it and found it to be (equal to) to four mudds, and that one and a quarter qafeez [1], as is measured by this qafeez of ours.