Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of the insane
Hadith #1

حدثنا محمد بن إبراهيم بن إسحاق الطالقاني - رضي الله عنه - قال: حدثنا عبد العزيز بن يحيى البصري الجلودي بالبصرة قال: أخبرنا أبو عبد الله محمد بن زكريا الجوهري، قال: حدثنا جعفر بن محمد بن عمارة، عن أبيه، عن جابر بن يزيد الجعفي، عن أبي جعفر محمد بن علي الباقر عليهما السلام، قال: سمعت جابر بن عبد الله الأنصاري يقول: مر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله برجل مصروع وقد اجتمع عليه الناس ينظرون إليه فقال صلى الله عليه وآله: على ما اجتمع هؤلاء؟ فقيل له: على مجنون يصرع فنظر إليه. فقال: ما هذا بمجنون، ألا أخبركم بالمجنون حق المجنون؟ قالوا: بلى يا رسول الله، قال: إن المجنون حق المجنون المتبختر في مشيته، الناظر في عطفيه، المحرك جنبيه بمنكبيه، فذاك المجنون وهذا المبتلى.

1. We were told by Muhammed bin Ibrahim bin Ishaq al-Talaqani, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: We were told by Abdul-Aziz bin Yahya al-Basri al-Jaloudi, in Basra, that he said: We were informed by Abu Abdillah, Muhammed bin Zakariya al-Jawhari, that he said: We were told by Ja’far bin Muhammed bin Umara, from his father, from Jabir bin Yazid al-Ju’fi, from Abu Ja’far, Muhammed bin Ali al-Baqir, peace be upon them both, that he said: I heard Jabir bin Abdullah al-Ansari say: The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, passed by an epileptic man while people were gathered around him looking at him, and he said: Around what did these people gather? It was said to him: Around an insane who is undergoing epilepsy. Then he looked at him and said: He is not insane. Shall I not inform you of the insane, the truly insane? They said: Sure, O Messenger of Allah. He said: Indeed, the insane, the truly insane, is the one who swaggers in his walk, looking at the height of the road [1], the one who moves his sides with his shoulders. That is the insane, and this (man) is afflicted.



Hadith #2

حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد - رضي الله عنه - قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار، قال: حدثنا إبراهيم بن هاشم، عن محمد بن أبي عمير، عن حمزة بن حمران قال: قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام: إن من أجاب في كل ما يسأل عنه لمجنون.

2. We were told by Muhammed bin Hasan bin Ahmad bin Waleed, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Hasan al-Saffar, that he said: We were told by Ibrahim bin Hashim, from Muhammed bin Abi ‘Umayr, from Hamza bin Hamran, that he said: Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, said: Indeed, the one who answers in all he is asked, is surely insane.