Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of the share of property whom a man bequeaths with
Hadith #1

حدثنا أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا علي بن إبراهيم بن هاشم، عن أبيه، عن الحسين بن يزيد النوفلي، عن إسماعيل بن مسلم السكوني، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام أنه سئل عن رجل يوصي بسهم من ماله. فقال: السهم واحد من ثمانية لقول الله عز وجل: " إنما الصدقات للفقراء والمساكين والعاملين عليها والمؤلفة قلوبهم وفي الرقاب والغارمين وفي سبيل الله وابن السبيل ".

1. We were told by my father, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Ali bin Ibrahim bin Hashim, from his father, from Hussain bin Yazid al-Nawfali, from Isma’eel bin Muslim al-Sukuni, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, that he was asked about a man who bequeaths with a share of his property. He said: A share is one of eight, due to the saying of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: «The charities are only for the poor, the needy, those who work upon (acquiring) them, those with affectionate hearts, the necks (of human beings in captivity to be liberated), those in debt, for the sake of Allah and for the stranded traveler.» (9:60)



Hadith #2

حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد - رضي الله عنه - قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار، عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن أبيه، عن صفوان بن يحيى، قال: سألت الرضا عليه السلام عن رجل يوصي بسهم من ماله ولا يدري السهم أي شئ هو؟ فقال: ليس عندكم فيما بلغكم عن جعفر وأبي جعفر عليهما السلام فيها شئ؟ فقلت له: جعلت فداك ما سمعنا أصحابنا يذكرون شيئا في هذا عن آبائك عليهم السلام. فقال: السهم واحد من ثمانية. عن آبائك عليهم السلام. فقال: السهم واحد من ثمانية.فقلت: جعلت فداك، كيف صار واحدا من ثمانية؟ فقال: أما تقرء كتاب الله عز وجل: فقلت: جعلت فداك، إني لأقرؤه ولكن لا أدري أين موضعه، فقال: قول الله عز وجل. " إنما الصدقات للفقراء والمساكين والعاملين عليها والمؤلفة قلوبهم وفي الرقاب والغارمين وفي سبيل الله وابن السبيل " ثم عقد بيده ثمانية، قال: وكذلك قسمها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله على ثمانية أسهم، والسهم واحد من الثمانية.

2. We were told by Muhammed bin Hasan bin Ahmad bin Waleed, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Hasan al-Saffar, from Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Isa, from his father, from Safwan bin Yahya, that he said: I asked al-Rida, peace be upon him, about a man who bequeaths with a share of his property and does not know what thing a share is. He said: Is there among you nothing of what has reached you of Ja’far and Abu Ja’far, peace be upon them both, with regards to that? Then I said to him: May I be sacrificed for you, we have not heard your companions mention anything of this from your fathers, peace be upon them. Then he said: A share is one of eight. Then I said: May I be sacrificed for you, how did it become one of eight? So he said: Do you not read the Book of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He? So I said: May I be sacrificed for you, I do, indeed, read it, however, I do not know where its place is. Then he said: The saying of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: « The charities are only for the poor, the needy, those who work upon (acquiring) them, those with affectionate hearts, the necks (of human beings in captivity to be liberated), those in debt, for the sake of Allah and for the stranded traveler.» (9:60) Then he counted eight with his hand. He said: And so did the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, divide it into eight shares. A share is one of eight.