Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of the saying of al-Sadiq, peace be upon him: «The plumb is the plumb of Hamran» and the meaning of «the plumbing line»
Hadith #1

حدثنا أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، قال: حدثني محمد بن الحسين بن أبي الخطاب، عن محمد بن سنان، عن حمزة، ومحمد ابني حمران، قالا: اجتمعنا عند أبي عبد الله عليه السلام في جماعة من أجلة مواليه وفينا حمران بن أعين فخضنا في المناظرة وحمران ساكت فقال له أبو عبد الله عليه السلام: مالك لا تتكلم يا حمران. فقال: يا سيدي آليت على نفسي أني لا أتكلم في مجلس تكون فيه. فقال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام: إني قد أذنت لك في الكلام فتكلم. فقال حمران: أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، لم يتخذ صاحبة ولا ولدا، خارج من الحدين حد التعطيل وحد التشبيه، وأن الحق القول بين القولين لا جبر ولا تفويض، وأن محمدا عبد ورسوله أرسله بالهدى ودين الحق ليظهره على الدين كله ولو كره المشركون، وأشهد أن الجنة حق، وأن النار حق، وأن البعث بعد الموت حق، وأشهد أن عليا حجة الله على خلقه لا يسع الناس جهله، وأن حسنا بعده وأن الحسين من بعده، ثم علي بن الحسين، ثم محمد بن علي، ثم أنت يا سيدي من بعدهم. فقال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام: الترتر حمران. ثم قال: يا حمران مد المطمر بينك وبين العالم، قلت: يا سيدي وما المطمر؟ فقال: أنتم تسمونه خيط البناء، فمن خالفك على هذا الامر فهو زنديق. فقال حمران: وإن كان علويا فاطميا؟ فقال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام: وإن كان محمديا علويا فاطميا.

1. We were told by my father, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, that he said: I was told by Muhammed bin Hussain bin Abi’l-Khattab, from Muhammed bin Sinan, from Hamza and Muhammed, the sons of Hamran, that they both said: We gathered with Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, among a group of his most glorious befrienders, and among us was Hamran bin A’yan. Then he went into a discussion, while Hamran was silent. Then Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, said to him: What is it with you, that you do not speak, O Hamran? Then he said: O my Master, I promised myself to not speak in a gathering in which you are. Then Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, said: Indeed, I have given you permission to speak, so speak. Then Hamran said: I testify that there is no god but Allah, Alone, that He has no associate, that He did not take any female companion nor child, (He is) excluded from the two limitations, the limitation of impairment and the limitation of comparison; and that the truth is the belief between the two beliefs, there is no determinism, nor (absolute) empowerment (of creatures); and that Muhammed is His Servant and Messenger, that He sent him with guidance and the Religion of Truth that He might make it prevail over all religions, even if the polytheists dislike it; and I testify that Paradise is true, and that the Fire is true, and that the revival after death is true; and I testify that Ali is the Proof of Allah upon His creation, that people are unable to be ignorant of him; and that Hasan is after him, and that Hussain is after him, then Ali bin Hussain, then Muhammed bin Ali, then you, O my master, after them. Then Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, said: The plumb is the plumb of Hamran. Then he said: O Hamran, extend the plumbing line between you and between the world. I said: O my master, and what is the plumbing line? He said: You call it the building line. Hence, whoever opposes you in this matter, he is a heretic. Then Hamran said: And even if he is an Alawite and Fatimid? Then Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, said: And even if he is a Muhammed, an Alawite and a Fatimid.



Hadith #2

حدثنا محمد بن موسى بن المتوكل - رضي الله عنه - قال: حدثنا علي بن إبراهيم بن هاشم، عن أبيه، عن ابن أبي عمير، عن عبد الله بن سنان، قال: قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام: ليس بينكم وبين من خالفكم إلا المطمر. قلت: وأي شئ المطمر؟ قال: الذي تسمونه التر فمن خالفكم وجازه فابرؤوا منه وإن كان علويا فاطميا.

2. We were told by Muhammed bin Musa bin Mutawakkil, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: We were told by Ali bin Ibrahim bin Hashim, from his father, from Ibn Abi ‘Umayr, from Abdullah bin Sinan, that he said: Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, said: Between you and between those who oppose you, there is nothing but the plumbing line. I said: And what thing is the plumbing line? He said: That which you call a plumb. Hence, whoever opposes you and crosses it, then dissociate from him, even if he is an Alawite and Fatimid.