Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of the sending of peace during prayer
Hadith #1

حدثنا أحمد بن الحسن القطان، قال: حدثنا أحمد بن يحيى بن زكريا القطان، قال: حدثنا بكر بن عبد الله بن حبيب، قال: حدثنا تميم بن بهلول، عن أبيه، عن عبد الله بن الفضل الهاشمي، قال سألت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام عن معنى التسليم في الصلاة فقال: التسليم علامة الامن وتحليل الصلاة، قلت: وكيف ذلك جعلت فداك؟ قال: كان الناس فيما مضى إذا سلم عليهم وارد أمنوا شره، وكانوا إذا ردوا عليه أمن شرهم، فإن لم يسلم لم يأمنوه، وإن لم يردوا على المسلم لم يأمنهم، وذلك خلق في العرب فجعل التسليم علامة للخروج من الصلاة، وتحليلا للكلام، وأمنا من أن يدخل في الصلاة ما يفسدها. والسلام اسم من أسماء الله عز وجل وهو واقع من المصلي على ملكي الله الموكلين به.

1. We were told by Ahmad bin Hasan al-Qattan, that he said: We were told by Ahmad bin Yahya bin Zakariya al-Qattan, that he said: We were told by Bikr bin Abdullah bin Habib, that he said: We were told by Tamim bin Buhloul, from his father, from Abdullah ibn Fadl al-Hashimi, that he said: I asked Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, about the meaning of the sending of peace during prayer, to which he said: The sending of peace is a sign of safety and a dissolution of the prayer. I said: And how is that, may I be sacrificed for you? He said: People used to, in the past, when an arriving person would send peace upon him, they were safe from his evil, and when they would respond to him, he was safe from their evil, and if he would not send peace, they were not safe from him, and if they would not respond to the sender of peace, he was not safe from them. That is a tradition among the Arabs, and so the sending of peace was made a sign of leaving the (state of) prayer and (a declaration of) allowability to speak and a (shield of) safety from there to enter into the prayer that which invalidates it. Moreover, the Peace is a Name from the Names of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, and it is performed by the praying person upon the Two Angels of Allah that have been appointed with him.