Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of the Path of Allah
Hadith #1

أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن محمد بن الحسين عن محمد بن سنان، عن عمار بن مروان، عن المنخل، عن جابر، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: سألته عن هذه الآية في قول الله عز وجل: " ولئن قتلتم في سبيل الله أو متم " قال: فقال: أتدري ما سبيل الله؟ قال: قلت: لا والله إلا أن أسمعه منك. قال: سبيل الله [هو] علي عليه السلام وذريته، [وسبيل الله] من قتل في ولايته قتل في سبيل الله، ومن مات في ولايته ماتفي سبيل الله.

1. My father, may Allah grant him mercy, said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, from Muhammed bin Hussain, from Muhammed bin Sinan, from Ammar bin Marwan, from Munkhil, from Jabir, from Abu Ja’far, peace be upon him, that he said: I asked him about this verse in the saying of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: «And if you are killed in the Path of Allah, or die» (3:157). He said: Then he said: Do you know what the Path of Allah is? He said: I said: No, by Allah, except that I hear it from you. He said: The Path of Allah is Ali, peace be upon him, and his offspring. With regards to the Path of Allah, the one who is killed (for the sake of- and whilst believing) in his Divine Authority, is killed in the Path of Allah, and the one who dies (whilst believing) in his Divine Authority, dies in the Path of Allah.



Hadith #2

أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثني محمد بن يحيى، عن محمد بن أحمد، عن العبيدي، عن محمد بن سليمان البصري، عن الحسين بن عمر قال: قلت لأبي عبد الله عليه السلام: إن رجلا أوصى إلي في السبيل. قال: فقال لي: اصرفه في الحج. قال: قلت: إنه أوصى إلي في السبيل. قال: اصرفه في الحج فإني لا أعرف سبيلا من سبله أفضل من الحج.

2. My father, may Allah grant him mercy, said: I was told by Muhammed bin Yahya, from Muhammed bin Ahmad, from al-‘Ubaydi, from Muhammed bin Sulayman al-Basri, from Hussain bin Umar, that he said: I said to Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him: A man bequeathed to me (that I should spend his property) for the Path. He said: So he said to me: Spend it in pilgrimage. He said: I said: Indeed, he bequeathed to me for the Path. He said: Spend it in pilgrimage, for indeed, I do not know of a path from His Paths better than pilgrimage.



Hadith #3

حدثنا أبي - رضي الله عنه - قال: حدثا أحمد بن إدريس، قال: حدثنا محمد بن أحمد بن يحيى بن عمران الأشعري، عن محمد بن عيسى بن عبيد، عن الحسن بن راشد، قال: سألت أبا الحسن العسكري عليه السلام بالمدينة عن رجل أوصى بماله في سبيل الله. قال: سبيل الله شيعتنا.

3. We were told by my father, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Ahmad bin Idrees, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Ahmad bin Yahya bin Imran al-Ash’ari, from Muhammed bin Isa bin Ubayd, from Hasan bin Rashid, that he said: I asked Abu’l-Hasan al-Askari, peace be upon him, in Medina about a man who bequeathed with what he had (that it should be spent) for the Path of Allah. He said: The Path of Allah is our Shi’a.