71. The Reward for the Ziyārah of Ĥusain (a.s.) on the Day of ‘Āshūrā

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1 حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي وَ أَخِي وَ جَمَاعَةُ مَشَايِخِي عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْمَدَائِنِيِّ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ الْبَجَلِيُّ عَنْ قَبِيصَةَ عَنْ جَابِرٍ الْجُعْفِيِّ قَالَ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ (ع) فِي يَوْمِ عَاشُورَاءَ فَقَالَ لِي هَؤُلَاءِ زُوَّارُ اللَّهِ وَ حَقٌّ عَلَى الْمَزُورِ أَنْ يُكْرِمَ الزَّائِرَ مَنْ بَاتَ عِنْدَ قَبْرِ الْحُسَيْنِ (ع) لَيْلَةَ عَاشُورَاءَ لَقِيَ اللَّهَ مُلَطَّخاً بِدَمِهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ كَأَنَّمَا قُتِلَ مَعَهُ فِي عَرْصَتِهِ [عَصْرِهِ] وَ قَالَ مَنْ زَارَ قَبْرَ الْحُسَيْنِ (ع) أَيْ يَوْمَ عَاشُورَاءَ وَ [أَوْ] بَاتَ عِنْدَهُ كَانَ كَمَنِ اسْتُشْهِدَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ


1. My father, my brother and all of my scholars narrated to me from Muĥammad ibn Yaĥyā, from Muĥammad ibn ‘Ali Al-Madā`ini, from Muĥammad ibn Sa’ǐd Al-Bajali, from Qabǐšah, from Jābir Al-Ju’fi, who said: I went to Ja’far ibn Muĥammad (Imam Šādiq (a.s.)) on the Day of ‘Āshūrā and he said to me (as part of a longer Ĥadǐth): These – referring to the Zuwwār of Ĥusain (a.s.) – are the Zuwwār of Allāh and it is an obligation on the host to honour the Zā`ir. Those who spend the night of ‘Āshūrā next to the grave of Ĥusain (a.s.) will meet Allāh on the Day of Judgment stained with their blood as if they were killed with him on his desert (Karbalā). Those who go to the Ziyārah of the grave of Ĥusain (a.s.) on the Day of ‘Āshūrā and spend the night next to his grave are like those who were martyred in front of Ĥusain (a.s.).




2 حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو عَلِيٍّ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ هَمَّامٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي جَعْفَرُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ الْفَزَارِيُّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ الْجُعْفِيُّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي حُسَيْنُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ أَسَدٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ (ع) مَنْ زَارَ الْحُسَيْنَ يَوْمَ عَاشُورَاءَ وَجَبَتْ لَهُ الْجَنَّةُ


2. Abū ‘Ali Muĥammad ibn Hammām narrated to me from Ja’far ibn Muĥammad ibn Mālik Al-Fazāri, from Aĥmad ibn ‘Ali ibn ‘Ubayd Al-Ju’fi, from Ĥusain ibn Sulaymān, from Ĥusain ibn Asad, from Ĥammād ibn ‘Isā, from Ĥarǐz, who said: Abū ‘Abdillāh (Imam Šādiq (a.s.)) said: (Entering) Paradise is made mandatory for those who go to the Ziyārah of Ĥusain (a.s.) on the Day of ‘Āshūrā.




3 وَ حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ الْحِمْيَرِيُّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ الْأَنْبَارِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ زَيْدٍ الشَّحَّامِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ (ع) قَالَ مَنْ زَارَ قَبْرَ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ يَوْمَ عَاشُورَاءَ عَارِفاً بِحَقِّهِ كَانَ كَمَنْ زَارَ اللَّهَ فِي عَرْشِهِ


3. Muĥammad ibn ‘Abdillāh ibn Ja’far Al-Ĥimyari narrated to me from his father, from Ya’qūb ibn Yazǐd Al-Anbāri, from Muĥammad ibn Abǐ ‘Umayr, from Zayd Al-Shaĥĥām, who said: Abū ‘Abdillāh (Imam Šādiq (a.s.)) said: Those who go to the Ziyārah of the grave of Ĥusain ibn ‘Ali (a.s.) on the Day of ‘Āshūrā while knowing his rights are like those who go to the Ziyārah of Allāh on His Throne.




4 حَدَّثَنِي الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَامِرٍ عَنِ الْمُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ جُمْهُورٍ الْعَمِّيِّ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْهُمْ (ع) قَالَ مَنْ زَارَ [قَبْرَ] الْحُسَيْنِ (ع) يَوْمَ عَاشُورَاءَ كَانَ كَمَنْ تَشَحَّطَ بِدَمِهِ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ


4. Ĥusain ibn Muĥammad ibn ‘Āmir narrated to me from Mu’allā ibn Muĥammad, from Muĥammad ibn Jumhūr Al-‘Ammi, from someone whom he mentioned, from them (the infallible Imams (a.s.)), who said: Those who go to the Ziyārah of the grave of Ĥusain (a.s.) on the Day of ‘Āshūrā are like those who were ensanguined with their blood in front of him.




5 وَ رَوَى مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِي يَسَارٍ [سَيَّارٍ] الْمَدَائِنِيُّ بِإِسْنَادِهِ قَالَ مَنْ سَقَى يَوْمَ عَاشُورَاءَ عِنْدَ قَبْرِ الْحُسَيْنِ (ع) كَانَ كَمَنْ سَقَى عَسْكَرَ الْحُسَيْنِ (ع) وَ شَهِدَ مَعَهُ


5. Muĥammad ibn Abǐ Sayyār Al-Madā`ini narrated through his Isnād that: Those who distribute water (to people) on the Day of ‘Āshūrā next to the grave of Ĥusain (a.s.) are like those who were with Ĥusain (a.s.) and distributed water to those in his camp.




6 حَدَّثَنِي جَعْفَرُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْمُوسَوِيُّ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ نَهِيكٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ زَيْدٍ الشَّحَّامِ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الصَّادِقِ (ع) قَالَ مَنْ زَارَ الْحُسَيْنَ (ع) لَيْلَةَ النِّصْفِ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ غَفَرَ اللَّهُ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذُنُوبِهِ وَ مَا تَأَخَّرَ وَ مَنْ زَارَهُ يَوْمَ عَرَفَةَ كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَهُ ثَوَابَ أَلْفِ حِجَّةٍ مُتَقَبَّلَةٍ- وَ أَلْفِ عُمْرَةٍ مَبْرُورَةٍ وَ مَنْ زَارَهُ يَوْمَ عَاشُورَاءَ فَكَأَنَّمَا زَارَ اللَّهَ فَوْقَ [فِي] عَرْشِهِ


6. Ja’far ibn Muĥammad ibn Ibrāhǐm Al-Mūsawi narrated to me from ‘Ubaydillāh ibn Nahǐk, from Ibn Abǐ ‘Umayr, from Zayd Al-Shaĥĥām, who said: Ja’far ibn Muĥammad Al-Šādiq (a.s.) said: Allāh will forgive the past and future sins of those who go to the Ziyārah of Ĥusain (a.s.) on the night of the fifteenth of Sha’bān. Allāh will register the reward of one thousand accepted Hajj and one thousand purified ‘Umrah for those who go to the Ziyārah of Ĥusain (a.s.) on the Day of ‘Arafah. Those who go to the Ziyārah of Ĥusain (a.s.) on the Day of ‘Āshūrā, it is as if they have gone to the Ziyārah of Allāh on top of His Throne. The above Ĥadǐth has also been narrated to me through the following chain: Muĥammad ibn ‘Abdillāh ibn Ja’far, from his father ‘Abdillāh ibn Ja’far Al-Ĥimyari, from Muĥammad ibn Ĥusain, from Ĥamdān ibn Mu’āfā, from Ibn Abǐ ‘Umayr, from Zayd Al-Shaĥĥām, from Abǐ ‘Abdillāh (Imam Šādiq (a.s.)).




7 حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ الْحِمْيَرِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ حَمْدَانَ بْنِ الْمُعَافَا عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ زَيْدٍ الشَّحَّامِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ (ع) وَ ذَكَرَ مِثْلَهُ


7. Ĥukaym ibn Dāwūd ibn Ĥukaym and others narrated to me from Muĥammad ibn Mūsā Al-Hamdāni, from Muĥammad ibn Khālid Al-Ťayālisi, from Sayf ibn ‘Amǐrah, and from Šāliĥ ibn ‘Uqbah, from ‘Alqamah ibn Muĥammad Al-Ĥaďrami, who said: Abū Ja’far (Imam Bāqir (a.s.)) said: Those who go to the Ziyārah of Ĥusain (a.s.) on the tenth day of Muĥarram (‘Āshūrā) and spend the night next to him, crying over him, will meet Allāh, the Exalted, with the reward of two million Hajj and two million ‘Umrah and the reward of fighting two million battles (in the way of Allāh). Moreover, the reward for each one of these Hajj, ‘Umrah, and battles will be equivalent to the reward of those who have gone to Hajj and ‘Umrah and have fought with the Messenger of Allāh (s.a.a.w.) and the Righteous Imams – may Allāh’s blessings be upon all of them. I asked, “May I sacrifice myself for you! What about those who are in distant lands and far countries and cannot travel to him on that day?” Imam (a.s.) replied: On the Day of ‘Āshūrā, in the middle of the day and before noon, they should go to a desert or to an elevated part of their house and direct their Salām to Ĥusain (a.s.) by pointing toward him, curse his killers increasingly, and establish two Rak’ah of prayers. Then they should mourn and cry over Ĥusain (a.s.), order everyone in their house to cry over him, hold (a gathering) in their house (in which) Ĥusain’s tragedies (are mentioned) and become restless over (the tragedies of) Ĥusain (a.s.), and meet one another in their houses while crying and consoling one another over the tragedy of Ĥusain (a.s.). Verily if they do this, I guarantee that Allāh, the Great and Almighty, will register all of those rewards (mentioned for going to his Ziyārah on the Day of ‘Āshūrā) for them. I asked, “May I sacrifice myself for you! Will you guarantee and promise these rewards for those who do this?” Imam (a.s.) replied, “I guarantee and promise these rewards for those who do this.” I asked, “How should they console one another?” Imam (a.s.) replied: They should say: (a.s.) (a.s.). May Allāh increase our rewards for being grieved over the tragedy of Ĥusain (a.s.) and may He make us and you among those who seek to avenge him with his heir, the Rightly Guided Imam, from the family of Muĥammad (a.s.). Imam (a.s.) added: If possible, do not attempt to fulfill your needs on this day, for verily it is an ominous day when needs are not fulfilled. And even if they are fulfilled, one will not be blessed with them nor will he find any success in them. Do not buy or take anything to your house on this day. Verily those who do will not find any blessings in that which they take to their houses nor will they be blessed with their families. Allāh will register the reward of one million Hajj, one million ‘Umrah, and one million battles (in the way of Allāh) for those who follow these (instructions), and all of this will be registered as if it was done with the Messenger of Allāh (s.a.a.w.). They will also earn the reward of (being afflicted by) the tragedies of all of the prophets, messengers, truthful ones, and the martyrs who died (naturally) or were killed since the day Allāh created this world until the rising of the Hour. Šāliĥ ibn ‘Uqbah Al-Juhani and Sayf ibn ‘Amǐrah narrated that ‘Alqamah ibn Muĥammad Al-Ĥaďrami, added: I said to Abǐ Ja’far (Imam Bāqir (a.s.)), “Teach me an invocation that I can recite on that day if I perform his Ziyārah from near (his grave) and an invocation that I can recite if I cannot perform his Ziyārah from near (his grave) and have to direct my Salām to him by pointing toward him from distant lands on the roof of my house.” Imam (a.s.) said: O ‘Alqamah! If you establish two Rak’ah of prayers after directing your Salām to him by pointing toward him and then recite the following invocation while directing your Salām to him, then you have invoked Allāh with that with which the angels invoke Him when they perform the Ziyārah of Ĥusain (a.s.) and Allāh will register one million good deeds for you, erase one million bad deeds for you, and add one hundred million ranks to your rank. You will be considered among those who were martyred with Ĥusain ibn ‘Ali (a.s.) and you will share their ranks. You will not be known for anything except being among the martyrs who were martyred with him and the reward of every prophet, every messenger, and every person who has gone to the Ziyārah of Ĥusain ibn ‘Ali (a.s.) since the day he was killed will be registered for you. (You should recite the following): Salām to you, O Abā ‘Abdillāh. Salām to you, O son of the Messenger of Allāh. Salām to you, O Choice of Allāh and the son of His Choice. Salām to you, O son of the Commander of the Believers and the son of the Master of the Successors. Salām to you, O son of Fāťimah, the Master of the Women of the Worlds. Salām to you, O one whose avenger is Allāh and O son of the one whose avenger is Allāh. Salām to you, O one who has not been avenged yet and who has yet to seek vengeance (against those who killed his family members). Salām to you and to the souls who dismounted at your vicinity and stayed in your caravan. I pray that Allāh’s Salām be upon all of you for as long as I live and for as long as there is a night and a day. O Abā ‘Abdillāh! The calamity is very painful and your tragedy is a great disaster for us and for all of the inhabitants of the heavens and the earth. May Allāh’s curse be upon the party who laid the foundation of oppression and injustice against you, the Ahlul Bayt. May Allāh’s curse be upon the party who kept you away from your positions and dethroned you from the posts in which Allāh had placed you. May Allāh’s curse be upon the party who killed you and may Allāh’s curse be upon those who made the arrangements for them to be able to fight against you. I seek nearness to Allāh and to you by dissociating myself from them, from their followers, and from those who obey them. O Abā ‘Abdillāh! Verily I make peace with those who are at peace with you and I am at war against those who are at war against you until the Day of Judgment. May Allāh’s curse be upon the family of Ziyād and upon the family of Marwān, and may Allāh’s curse be upon all of the Banǐ Umayyah. May Allāh’s curse be upon the son of Marjānah. May Allāh’s curse be upon ‘Umar ibn Sa’d. May Allāh’s curse be upon Shimr. And may Allāh’s curse be upon the party that bridled and saddled (their sumpters) in preparation to fight you. (s.a.a.w.) O Abā ‘Abdillāh! May I sacrifice my father and mother for you. Being afflicted by your tragedy is extremely painful for me. Therefore, I ask Allāh, who has honoured your status, to honour me through you by sustaining me to seek your revenge along with the supported Imam from the family of Muĥammad (s.a.a.w.). (a.s.) O Allāh! Dignify me in Your eyes through Ĥusain (a.s.) in this life and in the Hereafter. O my master, O Abā ‘Abdillāh! I seek nearness to Allāh, the Exalted, to His Messenger, to the Commander of the Believers, to Fāťimah, to Ĥasan, and to you – may Allāh’s blessing and Salām be upon you and upon them – by loving you, O Abā ‘Abdillāh, and by dissociating from your enemies, from those who fought you and incited war against you, and from all of your enemies; and by dissociating from those who laid the foundation of injustice and built the structure of oppression and injustice against you and against your Shia. I seek nearness to Allāh and to you by dissociating myself from them. And I seek nearness to Allāh and then to you by loving you and loving your followers, by dissociating from your enemies and from those who incite war against you, and by dissociating from their followers and those who obey them. Verily I make peace with those who are at peace with you, I am at war against those who are at war against you, I befriend those who befriend you, and I antagonize those who antagonize you. I ask Allāh, who honoured me with knowing you and knowing your friends and sustained me with dissociation from your enemies, to allow me to be with you in this life and in the Hereafter and to keep my foot steady on the path of truth with you in this life and in the Hereafter. And I ask Him to allow me to come to the Praised Status that you have with Allāh. And I ask Allāh to sustain me with seeking your revenge along with the Rightly Guided Imam who will speak for you. I ask Allāh, through you and through your rank with Him, to recompense me for being afflicted by your tragedy with the best reward that He has ever given to anyone who has ever been afflicted by a tragedy. : « » I say, “Verily we are Allāh’s and verily to Him we shall return” (2:156). What a tragedy!!! How great it is and how great of a calamity this is for Islām and for all of the inhabitants of the heavens and the earth!!! O Allāh! Make me in this very place among those who receive Your Blessings, Your Mercy, and Your Forgiveness. (s.a.a.w.) (s.a.a.w.) O Allāh! Make me live the way Muĥammad and the family of Muĥammad (s.a.a.w.) lived and (make me) die the way Muĥammad and the family of Muĥammad (s.a.a.w.) died. (s.a.a.w.) (s.a.a.w.) O Allāh! This is the day that the curse descended upon the family of Ziyād, the family of Umayyah, and the son of the Eater of the Livers – the cursed one and the son of the cursed one – who were (both) cursed by the tongue of Your Prophet (s.a.a.w.) in every land and in every place where Your Prophet (s.a.a.w.) stopped. (a.s.) O Allāh! Curse Abā Sufyān and Mu’āwiyah. Curse be upon Yazǐd, son of Mu’āwiyah, for all eternity. O Allāh! Multiply the curses on them for killing Ĥusain (a.s.). . O Allāh! I seek nearness to You on this day and in this very place, and everyday of my life by dissociating myself from them, by cursing them, and by adhering to Your Prophet Muĥammad and the family of Your Prophet – may Allāh’s blessing be upon him and upon all of them. Then say one hundred times: (s.a.a.w.) (a.s.) . O Allāh! Curse the first oppressor who usurped the rights of Muĥammad and the family of Muĥammad (s.a.a.w.), and curse every last person who followed him in that regard. O Allāh! Curse the party who fought against Ĥusain (a.s.) and paid allegiance to his enemies and followed them in killing Ĥusain (a.s.) and killing his supporters. O Allāh! Curse them all. Then say one hundred times: . Salām to you, O Abā ‘Abdillāh and to the souls who dismounted at your vicinity and stayed in your caravan. I pray that Allāh’s Salām be upon you for as long as I live and for as long as there is a night and a day. May Allāh not make this the last time I perform your Ziyārah. Salām upon Ĥusain, upon ‘Ali ibn Ĥusain, upon the children of Ĥusain, and upon the companions of Ĥusain – may Allāh’s blessings be upon all of them. Then say one time: . O Allāh! (I ask that) You specifically curse the first oppressor who oppressed the family of Your Prophet, and then curse the enemies of the family of Muĥammad from the first to the last. O Allāh! Curse Yazǐď and his father, curse ‘Ubaydallāh ibn Ziyād, and curse the family of Marwān and all of the Banǐ Umayyah until the Day of Judgment. Then go in to prostration and say: (a.s.) . O Allāh! Praise be to You, the praise of those who are thankful in their tragedies. Praise be to Allāh for the greatness of my grief over their (the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.)) disaster and calamity. O Allāh! Sustain me with the intercession of Ĥusain (a.s.) on the Day of Entering (the desert of Judgment) and keep my foot steady on the path of truth with Ĥusain and the companions of Ĥusain, who offered the blood of their hearts for the sake of Ĥusain – may Allāh’s blessings be upon all of them. ‘Alqamah added: Abū Ja’far (Imam Bāqir (a.s.)) said, “O ‘Alqamah! If you can perform his Ziyārah by reading this Ziyārah every day of your life, do so, for Allāh-Willing you will have all of the rewards (which I mentioned).” The above Ĥadǐth has also been narrated to me through the following chain: Muĥammad ibn Ismā’ǐl, from Šāliĥ ibn ‘Uqbah, from Mālik Al-Juhani, from Abǐ Ja’far (a.s.).