462. Reward of having daughters

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حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ الصَّفَّارُ عَنْ مُوسَی بْنِ عِمْرَانَ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ یَحْیَی بْنِ خَاقَانَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ تَغْلِبَ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: الْبَنَاتُ حَسَنَاتٌ وَ الْبَنُونَ نِعْمَهٌ وَ الْحَسَنَاتُ یُثَابُ عَلَیْهَا وَ النِّعْمَهُ یُسْأَلُ عَنْهَا.


1. Imam Ja’far Sadiq (a.s.) said, “Daughters are good deeds while sons are bounties. One will be rewarded for his good deeds and have to account for bounties received.”




أَبِی ره قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ یَحْیَی الْعَطَّارُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِیمَ بْنِ هَاشِمٍ عَنِ الْبَرْقِیِّ رَفَعَهُ قَالَ: بُشِّرَ النَّبِیُّ ص بِفَاطِمَهَ ع فَنَظَرَ فِی وُجُوهِ أَصْحَابِهِ فَرَأَی الْکَرَاهَهَ فِیهِمْ فَقَالَ مَا لَکُمْ رَیْحَانَهٌ أَشَمُّهَا وَ رِزْقُهَا عَلَی اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ.


2. My father (rah) said: it was narrated to me by Muhammad b. Yahya al-’Attar from Muhammad b. Ahmad from Ibrahim b. Hashim from al-Barqi who raised it to who said: “What has happened to you? It is a fragrance, which is making me happy and its sustenance is guaranteed by the Almighty Allah.”




حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ الصَّفَّارُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِیسَی عَنْ عَبَّاسٍ الزَّیَّاتِ عَنْ حَمْزَهَ بْنِ حُمْرَانَ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: أَتَی رَجُلٌ النَّبِیَّ ص وَ عِنْدَهُ رَجُلٌ فَأَخْبَرَهُ بِمَوْلُودٍ لَهُ فَتَغَیَّرَ لَوْنُ الرَّجُلِ فَقَالَ لَهُ النَّبِیُّ ص مَا لَکَ قَالَ خَیْرٌ قَالَ قُلْ قَالَ خَرَجْتُ وَ الْمَرْأَهُ تَمْخَضُ فَأُخْبِرْتُ أَنَّهَا وَلَدَتْ جَارِیَهً فَقَالَ لَهُ النَّبِیُّ ص الْأَرْضُ تُقِلُّهَا وَ السَّمَاءُ تُظِلُّهَا وَ اللَّهُ یَرْزُقُهَا وَ هِیَ رَیْحَانَهٌ تَشَمُّهَا ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلَی أَصْحَابِهِ فَقَالَ مَنْ کَانَتْ لَهُ ابْنَهٌ فَهُوَ مَقْرُوحٌ وَ مَنْ کَانَتْ لَهُ ابْنَتَانِ فَیَا غَوْثَاهْ وَ مَنْ کَانَتْ لَهُ ثَلَاثُ بَنَاتٍ وُضِعَ عَنْهُ الْجِهَادُ وَ کُلُّ مَکْرُوهٍ وَ مَنْ کَانَتْ لَهُ أَرْبَعُ بَنَاتٍ فَیَا عِبَادَ اللَّهِ أَقْرِضُوهُ یَا عِبَادَ اللَّهِ ارْحَمُوهُ یَا عِبَادَ اللَّهِ أَعِینُوهُ.


3. It was narrated to me by Muhammad b. al-Hassan who said it was narrated to me by Muhammad b. al-Hassan al-Saffar from Muhammad b. Isa from Abbas al-Zayyat from Hamzah b. Hamran from Abi Abdillah (a.s.) who said: “One who has one daughter is burdened. One who has two daughters, you should help him in his problems. One who has three daughters is exempted from jihad and all other difficulties. One who has four daughters, O servants of Allah, help him, give him loans and shower mercy on him.”




أَبِی وَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ ره قَالا حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ إِدْرِیسَ وَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ یَحْیَی الْعَطَّارُ جَمِیعاً عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ یَعْقُوبَ بْنِ یَزِیدَ یَرْفَعُهُ إِلَی أَحَدِ الْإِمَامَیْنِ الْبَاقِرِ أَوِ الصَّادِقِ ع قَالَ: إِذَا أَصَابَ الرَّجُلُ ابْنَهً بَعَثَ اللَّهُ إِلَیْهَا مَلَکاً فَأَمَرَّ جَنَاحَهُ عَلَی رَأْسِهَا وَ صَدْرِهَا وَ قَالَ ضَعِیفَهٌ خُلِقَتْ مِنْ ضَعْفٍ الْمُنْفِقُ عَلَیْهَا مُعَانٌ إِلَی یَوْمِ الْقِیَامَهِ.


4. Abi and Muhammad b. al-Hassan (rah) they said it was narrated to us by Ahmad b. Idris and Muhammad b. Yahya al-’Attarall of themfrom Muhammad b. Ahmad from Ya’qub b. Yazid who raised it to one of the two Imams al-Baqir or al-Sadiq (a.s.) who said: “Whenever a girl is born, Allah appoints an angel near that child, who touches his wings over her head and chest saying: It is created with weakness. One who bears her expenses will be helped on the Day of Judgment.”