462. Reward of having daughters

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حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ الصَّفَّارُ عَنْ مُوسَی بْنِ عِمْرَانَ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ یَحْیَی بْنِ خَاقَانَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ تَغْلِبَ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: الْبَنَاتُ حَسَنَاتٌ وَ الْبَنُونَ نِعْمَهٌ وَ الْحَسَنَاتُ یُثَابُ عَلَیْهَا وَ النِّعْمَهُ یُسْأَلُ عَنْهَا.


1. Imam Ja’far Sadiq (a.s.) said, “Daughters are good deeds while sons are bounties. One will be rewarded for his good deeds and have to account for bounties received.”




أَبِی ره قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ یَحْیَی الْعَطَّارُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِیمَ بْنِ هَاشِمٍ عَنِ الْبَرْقِیِّ رَفَعَهُ قَالَ: بُشِّرَ النَّبِیُّ ص بِفَاطِمَهَ ع فَنَظَرَ فِی وُجُوهِ أَصْحَابِهِ فَرَأَی الْکَرَاهَهَ فِیهِمْ فَقَالَ مَا لَکُمْ رَیْحَانَهٌ أَشَمُّهَا وَ رِزْقُهَا عَلَی اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ.


2. The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) was given the glad tidings of the birth of Fatima Zahra (s.a.). The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) saw signs of sadness on the faces of his companions and said, “What has happened to you? It is a fragrance, which is making me happy and its sustenance is guaranteed by the Almighty Allah.”




حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ الصَّفَّارُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِیسَی عَنْ عَبَّاسٍ الزَّیَّاتِ عَنْ حَمْزَهَ بْنِ حُمْرَانَ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: أَتَی رَجُلٌ النَّبِیَّ ص وَ عِنْدَهُ رَجُلٌ فَأَخْبَرَهُ بِمَوْلُودٍ لَهُ فَتَغَیَّرَ لَوْنُ الرَّجُلِ فَقَالَ لَهُ النَّبِیُّ ص مَا لَکَ قَالَ خَیْرٌ قَالَ قُلْ قَالَ خَرَجْتُ وَ الْمَرْأَهُ تَمْخَضُ فَأُخْبِرْتُ أَنَّهَا وَلَدَتْ جَارِیَهً فَقَالَ لَهُ النَّبِیُّ ص الْأَرْضُ تُقِلُّهَا وَ السَّمَاءُ تُظِلُّهَا وَ اللَّهُ یَرْزُقُهَا وَ هِیَ رَیْحَانَهٌ تَشَمُّهَا ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلَی أَصْحَابِهِ فَقَالَ مَنْ کَانَتْ لَهُ ابْنَهٌ فَهُوَ مَقْرُوحٌ وَ مَنْ کَانَتْ لَهُ ابْنَتَانِ فَیَا غَوْثَاهْ وَ مَنْ کَانَتْ لَهُ ثَلَاثُ بَنَاتٍ وُضِعَ عَنْهُ الْجِهَادُ وَ کُلُّ مَکْرُوهٍ وَ مَنْ کَانَتْ لَهُ أَرْبَعُ بَنَاتٍ فَیَا عِبَادَ اللَّهِ أَقْرِضُوهُ یَا عِبَادَ اللَّهِ ارْحَمُوهُ یَا عِبَادَ اللَّهِ أَعِینُوهُ.


3. Imam Ja’far Sadiq (a.s.) narrates that a person was present with Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) when he was informed that his wife gave birth to a girl. The color of his face changed. The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) asked what had happened to him. He requested the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) to leave the topic aside. When the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) insisted, he said that his wife was having labor pains when he left the house and now she has given birth to a girl. The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) said, “The burden of that girl is borne by the earth and sky will provide her shelter. Her sustenance is guaranteed by Allah and it is a fragrance you will smell.” Then he turned towards the companions and said, “One who has one daughter is burdened. One who has two daughters, you should help him in his problems. One who has three daughters is exempted from jihad and all other difficulties. One who has four daughters, O servants of Allah, help him, give him loans and shower mercy on him.”




أَبِی وَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ ره قَالا حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ إِدْرِیسَ وَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ یَحْیَی الْعَطَّارُ جَمِیعاً عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ یَعْقُوبَ بْنِ یَزِیدَ یَرْفَعُهُ إِلَی أَحَدِ الْإِمَامَیْنِ الْبَاقِرِ أَوِ الصَّادِقِ ع قَالَ: إِذَا أَصَابَ الرَّجُلُ ابْنَهً بَعَثَ اللَّهُ إِلَیْهَا مَلَکاً فَأَمَرَّ جَنَاحَهُ عَلَی رَأْسِهَا وَ صَدْرِهَا وَ قَالَ ضَعِیفَهٌ خُلِقَتْ مِنْ ضَعْفٍ الْمُنْفِقُ عَلَیْهَا مُعَانٌ إِلَی یَوْمِ الْقِیَامَهِ.


4. It is narrated from Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) or Imam Ja’far Sadiq (a.s.) that he said, “Whenever a girl is born, Allah appoints an angel near that child, who touches his wings over her head and chest saying: It is created with weakness. One who bears her expenses will be helped on the Day of Judgment.”