297. Reward of giving Sadaqah during day

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حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ الصَّفَّارُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِیِّ بْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ أَبِی جَمِیلَهَ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ خَالِدٍ [قَالَ] سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع یَقُولُ صَدَقَهُ النَّهَارِ تُمِیتُ الْخَطِیئَهَ کَمَا یُمِیتُ الْمَاءُ الْمِلْحَ وَ صَدَقَهُ اللَّیْلِ تُطْفِئُ غَضَبَ الرَّبِّ.


1. It is narrated that Imam Ja’far Sadiq (a.s.) said, “Sadaqah given during day dissolves sins like water dissolves salt. Giving Sadaqah at night cools the anger of the Lord.”




أَبِی ره قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَلِیُّ بْنُ الْحُسَیْنِ السَّعْدَآبَادِیُّ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ أَبِیهِ عَنْ سَعْدَانَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّی بْنِ خُنَیْسٍ قَالَ: خَرَجَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع فِی لَیْلَهٍ قَدْ رَشَّتِ السَّمَاءُ وَ هُوَ یُرِیدُ ظُلَّهَ بَنِی سَاعِدَهَ فَاتَّبَعْتُهُ فَإِذَا هُوَ قَدْ سَقَطَ مِنْهُ شَیْ ءٌ فَقَالَ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ اللَّهُمَّ رُدَّ عَلَیْنَا قَالَ فَأَتَیْتُهُ فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَیْهِ فَقَالَ أَنْتَ مُعَلًّی قُلْتُ نَعَمْ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاکَ فَقَالَ لِی الْتَمِسْ بِیَدِکَ فَمَا وَجَدْتَ مِنْ شَیْ ءٍ فَادْفَعْهُ إِلَیَّ قَالَ فَإِذَا بِخُبْزٍ مُنْتَشِرٍ فَجَعَلْتُ أَدْفَعُ إِلَیْهِ مَا وَجَدْتُ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِجِرَابٍ مِنْ خُبْزٍ فَقُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاکَ أَحْمِلُهُ عَنْکَ فَقَالَ لَا أَنَا أَوْلَی بِهِ مِنْکَ وَ لَکِنِ امْضِ مَعِی قَالَ فَأَتَیْنَا ظُلَّهَ بَنِی سَاعِدَهَ فَإِذَا نَحْنُ بِقَوْمٍ نِیَامٍ فَجَعَلَ یَدُسُّ الرَّغِیفَ وَ الرَّغِیفَیْنِ تَحْتَ ثَوْبِ کُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمْ حَتَّی أَتَی عَلَی آخِرِهِ ثُمَّ انْصَرَفْنَا فَقُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاکَ یَعْرِفُ هَؤُلَاءِ الْحَقَّ فَقَالَ لَوْ عَرَفُوا لَوَاسَیْنَاهُمْ بِالدُّقَّهِ وَ الدُّقَّهُ هِیَ الْمِلْحُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَمْ یَخْلُقْ شَیْئاً إِلَّا وَ لَهُ خَازِنٌ یَخْزُنُهُ إِلَّا الصَّدَقَهَ فَإِنَّ الرَّبَّ تَبَارَکَ وَ تَعَالَی یَلِیهِمَا بِنَفْسِهِ وَ کَانَ أَبِی إِذَا تَصَدَّقَ بِشَیْ ءٍ وَضَعَهُ فِی یَدِ السَّائِلِ ثُمَّ ارْتَدَّهُ مِنْهُ وَ قَبَّلَهُ وَ شَمَّهُ ثُمَّ رَدَّهُ فِی یَدِ السَّائِلِ وَ ذَلِکَ أَنَّهَا تَقَعُ فِی یَدِ اللَّهِ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَقَعَ فِی یَدِ السَّائِلِ فَأَحْبَبْتُ أَنْ أُنَاوِلَ مَا وَلَاهَا اللَّهُ تَعَالَی إِنَّ صَدَقَهَ اللَّیْلِ تُطْفِئُ غَضَبَ الرَّبِّ وَ تَمْحَقُ الذَّنْبَ الْعَظِیمَ وَ تُهَوِّنُ الْحِسَابَ وَ صَدَقَهَ النَّهَارِ تُثْمِرُ الْمَالَ وَ تَزِیدُ فِی الْعُمُرِ إِنَّ عِیسَی ابْنَ مَرْیَمَ ع لَمَّا مَرَّ عَلَی الْبَحْرِ أَلْقَی بِقُرْصٍ مِنْ قُوتِهِ فِی الْمَاءِ فَقَالَ لَهُ بَعْضُ الْحَوَارِیِّینَ یَا رُوحَ اللَّهِ وَ کَلِمَتَهُ لِمَ فَعَلْتَ هَذَا هُوَ مِنْ قُوتِکَ قَالَ فَعَلْتُ هَذَا لِتَأْکُلَهُ دَابَّهٌ مِنْ دَوَابِّ الْمَاءِ وَ ثَوَابُهُ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ الْعَظِیمِ.


2. It is narrated from Mualla bin Khunais that one night Imam Ja’far Sadiq (a.s.) came out of his house. It was raining heavily. Imam walked and Mualla followed him. Suddenly a thing fell from Imam’s hands. Imam recited Bismillaah and prayed to Allah to get the lost thing back. He went near the Imam and saluted him. Imam (a.s.) asked, “Are you Mualla?” He replied, “Yes, may I be sacrificed for you.” The Imam said, “Move your hand on the ground and see if you find something.” He started searching and came to know that it was a bag containing bread when he found it out. He told the Imam, “May I be sacrificed for you, I will carry it.” Imam (a.s.) replied, “I have right to carry it more than you but you come along with me.” They both went to the hutments of Bani Saidah. Some people were sleeping over there. Imam kept a few loaves near each person and they returned. Mualla asked Imam, “Are they on the right religion?” Imam (a.s.) replied, “If they had been on the right religion I would have brought salt along with the bread. There is no creation of Allah which is deprived of necessities. Sadaqah is in the hands of Allah only.” Imam (a.s.) further said, “Whenever my father used to give Sadaqah, he used to take it back from the hands of the beggar, kiss that Sadaqah and smell it and then return it to him. He used to do it so because Sadaqah goes into the hands of Allah before going into the hands of beggar. He used to say that I like to have in my hands too what Allah’s hands had held. Giving Sadaqah in darkness reduces the anger of Allah and wipes greater sins. It makes accounting of deeds easier. Sadaqah given during day causes abundance in wealth and life. Once Isa Ibne Maryam passed by a sea. He dropped his food in the sea. One of his companions asked, “O Ruhullah! Why did you do so? It was your food, why did you drop it?” He replied, “I dropped it so that the marine creatures consume it. It carries a great reward in front of Allah.”