35. The Expressions with Which the Lord, the Most Blessed, the Most High, Has Glorified Himself

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ لله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ثَلاثَ سَاعَاتٍ فِي اللَّيْلِ وَثَلاثَ سَاعَاتٍ فِي النَّهَارِ يُمَجِّدُ فِيهِنَّ نَفْسَهُ فَأَوَّلُ سَاعَاتِ النَّهَارِ حِينَ تَكُونُ الشَّمْسُ هَذَا الْجَانِبَ يَعْنِي مِنَ الْمَشْرِقِ مِقْدَارَهَا مِنَ الْعَصْرِ يَعْنِي مِنَ الْمَغْرِبِ إِلَى الصَّلاةِ الأولَى وَأَوَّلُ سَاعَاتِ اللَّيْلِ فِي الثُّلُثِ الْبَاقِي مِنَ اللَّيْلِ إِلَى أَنْ يَنْفَجِرَ الصُّبْحُ يَقُولُ إِنِّي أَنَا الله رَبُّ الْعَالَمِينَ إِنِّي أَنَا الله الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيمُ إِنِّي أَنَا الله الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ إِنِّي أَنَا الله الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ إِنِّي أَنَا الله الرَّحْمَنُ الرَّحِيمُ إِنِّي أَنَا الله مَالِكُ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ إِنِّي أَنَا الله لَمْ أَزَلْ وَلا أَزَالُ إِنِّي أَنَا الله خَالِقُ الْخَيْرِ وَالشَّرِّ إِنِّي أَنَا الله خَالِقُ الْجَنَّةِ وَالنَّارِ إِنِّي أَنَا الله بَدِي‏ءُ كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ وَإِلَيَّ يَعُودُ إِنِّي أَنَا الله الْوَاحِدُ الصَّمَدُ إِنِّي أَنَا الله عَالِمُ الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ إِنِّي أَنَا الله الْمَلِكُ الْقُدُّوسُ السَّلامُ الْمُؤْمِنُ الْمُهَيْمِنُ الْعَزِيزُ الْجَبَّارُ الْمُتَكَبِّرُ إِنِّي أَنَا الله الْخَالِقُ الْبَارِئُ الْمُصَوِّرُ لِيَ الأسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَى إِنِّي أَنَا الله الْكَبِيرُ الْمُتَعَالِ قَالَ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) مِنْ عِنْدِهِ وَالْكِبْرِيَاءُ رِدَاؤُهُ فَمَنْ نَازَعَهُ شَيْئاً مِنْ ذَلِكَ أَكَبَّهُ الله فِي النَّارِ ثُمَّ قَالَ مَا مِنْ عَبْدٍ مُؤْمِنٍ يَدْعُو بِهِنَّ مُقْبِلاً قَلْبُهُ إِلَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلا قَضَى حَاجَتَهُ وَلَوْ كَانَ شَقِيّاً رَجَوْتُ أَنْ يُحَوَّلَ سَعِيداً.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Safwan ibn Y ahya from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar from certain individuals of his people from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “In three hours of the day and in three hours of the night Allah, the Majestic, the Glorious, glorifies Himself. The first hours of the day begin when the distance of the sun from this side, the East, is equal to that between ‘Asr (the beginning of afternoon prayer), on the West, and the start of the time of the first prayer (prayer at noon time), and the first hours of night which begin with the start of the remaining one third of the night to dawn. “Allah says, ‘I am Allah, Cherisher of the worlds, I am Allah, the Most High, the Most Great, I am Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Wise, I am Allah, the Most Forgiving, the Most Merciful, I am Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful, I am Allah, the Owner of the Day of Judgment, I am Allah, Who has always been and will be, I am Allah, the Creator of the good and bad, I am Allah, the Creator of paradise and fire, I am Allah, the Initiator of all things and to Me it returns, I am Allah, the only One and Self-sufficient, I am Allah, the Knower of the unseen and the seen, I am Allah, the Owner, the Holy, the Peace, the Protector, the Dominant, the Compeller, the One who is Proud, I am Allah, the Creator, the Designer, and the Shape-giver. 1 have all good names; I am Allah, the Great and the Most Lofty. ’ “The narrator has said that abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) then said in his own words, ‘Greatness is His dress. Whoever disputes Him in that, He (Allah) will throw him in fire.’ The Imam then said, ‘Whoever of the believing people prays to Him in these words turning with his heart to Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, He will grant his wish. Even if he is a person of evil fortune, I hope he will change into a person of good fortune.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/189)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ أَعْيَنَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى يُمَجِّدُ نَفْسَهُ فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ وَلَيْلَةٍ ثَلاثَ مَرَّاتٍ فَمَنْ مَجَّدَ الله بِمَا مَجَّدَ بِهِ نَفْسَهُ ثُمَّ كَانَ فِي حَالِ شِقْوَةٍ حَوَّلَهُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلَى سَعَادَةٍ يَقُولُ أَنْتَ الله لا إِلَهَ إِلا أَنْتَ رَبُّ الْعَالَمِينَ أَنْتَ الله لا إِلَهَ إِلا أَنْتَ الرَّحْمَنُ الرَّحِيمُ أَنْتَ الله لا إِلَهَ إِلا أَنْتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْعَلِيُّ الْكَبِيرُ أَنْتَ الله لا إِلَهَ إِلا أَنْتَ مَالِكُ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ أَنْتَ الله لا إِلَهَ إِلا أَنْتَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ أَنْتَ الله لا إِلَهَ إِلا أَنْتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ أَنْتَ الله لا إِلَهَ إِلا أَنْتَ مِنْكَ بَدَأَ الْخَلْقُ وَإِلَيْكَ يَعُودُ أَنْتَ الله الَّذِي لا إِلَهَ إِلا أَنْتَ لَمْ تَزَلْ وَلا تَزَالُ أَنْتَ الله الَّذِي لا إِلَهَ إِلا أَنْتَ خَالِقُ الْخَيْرِ وَالشَّرِّ أَنْتَ الله لا إِلَهَ إِلا أَنْتَ خَالِقُ الْجَنَّةِ وَالنَّارِ أَنْتَ الله لا إِلَهَ إِلا أَنْتَ أَحَدٌ صَمَدٌ لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدُ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُفُواً أَحَدٌ أَنْتَ الله لا إِلَهَ إِلا أَنْتَ الْمَلِكُ الْقُدُّوسُ السَّلامُ الْمُؤْمِنُ الْمُهَيْمِنُ الْعَزِيزُ الْجَبَّارُ الْمُتَكَبِّرُ سُبْحَانَ الله عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ هُوَ الله الْخَالِقُ الْبَارِئُ الْمُصَوِّرُ لَهُ الأسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَى يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأرْضِ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ إِلَى آخِرِ السُّورَةِ أَنْتَ الله لا إِلَهَ إِلا أَنْتَ الْكَبِيرُ وَالْكِبْرِيَاءُ رِدَاؤُكَ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from ‘Abd Allah ibn Bukayr from ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘A’Yun from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Allah, the Most Blessed, the Most High, glorifies Himself three times every-day and night. Whoever glorifies Allah with the words with which He has glorified Himself, and happens to be in a condition of misfortune, Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, will turn him into a condition of good fortune. “He should say, ‘You are Allah, no one deserves to be worshipped except You, the Cherisher of the worlds. You are Allah; no one deserves to be worshipped except You, the Beneficent, the Merciful. You are Allah, no one deserves to be worshipped except You, the Most Majestic, the Most (High) Great, You are Allah, no one deserves to be worshipped except You, the Owner of the Day of Judgment. You are Allah. No one deserves to be worshipped except You, the Forgiving, the Merciful. You are Allah; no one deserves to be worshipped except You, the Majestic, the Wise. You are Allah, no one deserves to be worshipped except You, from You began the creatures and to You they return. You are Allah, (besides whom) no one deserves to be worshipped. You have always been and will always be. You are Allah, (besides whom) no one deserves to be worshipped, the Creator of the good and evil. You are Allah, no one deserves to be worshipped except You, the Creator of paradise and fire. You are Allah, no one deserves to be worshipped except You, the One, Self-sufficient, who has not given birth to any one and is not born from anyone and no one is His partner. ‘. . . You are Allah, no one deserves to be worshipped except You, the King, the Holy, the Peace, the Protector, the Dominant, the Majestic, the Compeller, the Proud. Allah is by far more Glorious than what they call His partners. He is Allah, the Creator, the Designer, the Shape-giver; His are the most beautiful names. All that is in heavens and in the earth glorify Him and He is the Majestic, the Wise ... - to be read to the end of Chapter 59. You are Allah, no one deserves to be worshipped except You, the Most Great for whom greatness is the dress.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن موثق 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/196)