27. Praise and Glorification

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْقَمَّاطِ عَنِ الْمُفَضَّلِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ عَلِّمْنِي دُعَاءً جَامِعاً فَقَالَ لِيَ احْمَدِ الله فَإِنَّهُ لا يَبْقَى أَحَدٌ يُصَلِّي إِلا دَعَا لَكَ يَقُولُ سَمِعَ الله لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from abu Sa’Id al-Qammat from al-Mufaddal who has said the following: “Once I said to abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) ‘May Allah keep my soul in service for your cause, teach me a comperehensive prayer.’ The Imam said to me, ‘Praise Allah; everyone who performs prayer prays for you saying, “Allah listens to (answers the prayers of) those who praise Him” (a reference to the meaning of the phrase said after Ruku ’ in a prayer).’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مختلف فيه - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/144)



2ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مَرْوَانَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) أَيُّ الأعْمَالِ أَحَبُّ إِلَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَقَالَ أَنْ تَحْمَدَهُ.


2. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Ali ibn al-Husayn from Sayf ibn ‘Amirah from Muhammad ibn Marwan who has said the following: “Once I asked abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) ‘What deed is the most beloved to Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy?’ The Imam said, ‘It is your deed of praising Him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/145)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الأنْبَارِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) يَحْمَدُ الله فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ ثَلاثَمِائَةِ مَرَّةٍ وَسِتِّينَ مَرَّةً عَدَدَ عُرُوقِ الْجَسَدِ يَقُولُ الْحَمْدُ لله رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ كَثِيراً عَلَى كُلِّ حَالٍ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from abu al- Hassan al-Anbari from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah would praise Allah everyday, three hundred sixty times, equal to the number of the veins in the body, saying ‘All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of the worlds, a great deal of praise in all conditions.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/145)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَحُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ الْمِيثَمِيِّ عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) إِنَّ فِي ابْنِ آدَمَ ثَلاثَمِائَةٍ وَسِتِّينَ عِرْقاً مِنْهَا مِائَةٌ وَثَمَانُونَ مُتَحَرِّكَةٌ وَمِنْهَا مِائَةٌ وَثَمَانُونَ سَاكِنَةٌ فَلَوْ سَكَنَ الْمُتَحَرِّكُ لَمْ يَنَمْ وَلَوْ تَحَرَّكَ السَّاكِنُ لَمْ يَنَمْ وَكَانَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) إِذَا أَصْبَحَ قَالَ الْحَمْدُ لله رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ كَثِيراً عَلَى كُلِّ حَالٍ ثَلاثَمِائَةٍ وَسِتِّينَ مَرَّةً وَإِذَا أَمْسَى قَالَ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Humayd ibn Ziyad from al- Hassan ibn Muhammad all from Ahmad ibn al-Hassan al-Mithami from Ya’qub ibn Shu’ayb who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘The Messenger of Allah has said that in a son of Adam there are three hundred sixty veins of which one hundred eighty are moving and one hundred eighty are quiet. If a moving vein becomes quiet one cannot sleep and if a quiet one moves one cannot sleep’. The Messenger of Allah in the morning would say, ‘All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of the worlds, a great deal of praise in all conditions, three hundred sixty times and so also he would do in the evening.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/145)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ الْعَبَّاسِ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جَنَاحٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو مَسْعُودٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَنْ قَالَ أَرْبَعَ مَرَّاتٍ إِذَا أَصْبَحَ الْحَمْدُ لله رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ فَقَدْ أَدَّى شُكْرَ يَوْمِهِ وَمَنْ قَالَهَا إِذَا أَمْسَى فَقَدْ أَدَّى شُكْرَ لَيْلَتِهِ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from Mansur ibn al-‘Abbas from Sa’Id ibn Janah who has said that narrated to him abu Mas’Ud from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Whoever says four times in the morning, ‘All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of the worlds,’ has completed his thanksgiving for that day and if one does the same thing in the evening he has completed his thanksgiving for the night.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/147)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حَسَّانَ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ كُلُّ دُعَاءٍ لا يَكُونُ قَبْلَهُ تَحْمِيدٌ فَهُوَ أَبْتَرُ إِنَّمَا التَّحْمِيدُ ثُمَّ الثَّنَاءُ قُلْتُ مَا أَدْرِي مَا يُجْزِي مِنَ التَّحْمِيدِ وَالتَّمْجِيدِ قَالَ يَقُولُ اللهمَّ أَنْتَ الأوَّلُ فَلَيْسَ قَبْلَكَ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَأَنْتَ الآخِرُ فَلَيْسَ بَعْدَكَ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَأَنْتَ الظَّاهِرُ فَلَيْسَ فَوْقَكَ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَأَنْتَ الْبَاطِنُ فَلَيْسَ دُونَكَ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَأَنْتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Ali ibn Hassan from certain individuals of his people from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘Any prayer that does not have thanksgiving before it is incomplete. First it is thanksgiving, then praising.’ I (the narrator) then asked, ‘I do not know what is enough for thanksgiving?’ The Imam said one should say, ‘O Lord, You are the First, no one was ever before You, You are the Last and there will be no one after You, You are the Dominant and there is no one above You, You are the Inside and there is no one before You and You are the Majestic, the Wise.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/148)



7ـ وَبِهَذَا الإسْنَادِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) مَا أَدْنَى مَا يُجْزِي مِنَ التَّحْمِيدِ قَالَ تَقُولُ الْحَمْدُ لله الَّذِي عَلا فَقَهَرَ وَالْحَمْدُ لله الَّذِي مَلَكَ فَقَدَرَ وَالْحَمْدُ لله الَّذِي بَطَنَ فَخَبَرَ وَالْحَمْدُ لله الَّذِي يُمِيتُ الأحْيَاءَ وَيُحْيِي الْمَوْتَى وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ قَدِيرٌ.


7. Through the same chain of narrators it is narrated from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The least for thanksgiving is to say, ‘All praise belongs to Allah who is High, so all things are subdued before Him, all praise belongs to Allah who owns all things, so He provides sustenance to all of them, all praise belongs to Allah who is inside, so He has the news of all things, all praise belongs to Allah who causes the living to die, gives life to the dead and has power over all things.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/151)