92. To Revive the Believer

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ قَوْلُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ مَنْ قَتَلَ نَفْساً بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ فَكَأَنَّما قَتَلَ النَّاسَ جَمِيعاً وَمَنْ أَحْياها فَكَأَنَّما أَحْيَا النَّاسَ جَمِيعاً قَالَ مَنْ أَخْرَجَهَا مِنْ ضَلالٍ إِلَى هُدًى فَكَأَنَّمَا أَحْيَاهَا وَمَنْ أَخْرَجَهَا مِنْ هُدًى إِلَى ضَلالٍ فَقَدْ قَتَلَهَا.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama’a from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “I asked him about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, ‘. . . We made it a law for the children of Israel that the killing of a person for reasons other than legal retaliation or for stopping corruption in the land is as great a sin as murdering all of mankind. However, to save a life would be as great a virtue as to save all of mankind...’ (5:32) “The Imam said, ‘Whoever takes people from straying to guidance, has given them life. Whoever takes people from guidance to straying, it is as if he has murdered all of them.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/149)



2ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ فُضَيْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَوْلُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فِي كِتَابِهِ وَمَنْ أَحْياها فَكَأَنَّما أَحْيَا النَّاسَ جَمِيعاً قَالَ مِنْ حَرَقٍ أَوْ غَرَقٍ قُلْتُ فَمَنْ أَخْرَجَهَا مِنْ ضَلالٍ إِلَى هُدًى قَالَ ذَاكَ تَأْوِيلُهَا الأعْظَمُ. مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ وَعَبْدِ الله ابْنَيْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبَانٍ مِثْلَهُ.


2. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from Fudayl ibn Yasar who has said the following: “I asked abu Ja’far (a.s.) about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, in His book, ‘ ... to save a life is as great a virtue as to save all of mankind. . . .’ (5:32) The Imam said, ‘It refers to burning or drowning someone.’ I asked, ‘What if someone takes him out of straying to guidance?’ The Imam said, ‘That is the greatest interpretation of the case in point.’” Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad and ‘Abd Allah the two sons of Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Aban: a similar Hadith.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق بسندي ه - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/151)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ عِمْرَانَ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي خَالِدٍ الْقَمَّاطِ عَنْ حُمْرَانَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) أَسْأَلُكَ أَصْلَحَكَ الله فَقَالَ نَعَمْ فَقُلْتُ كُنْتُ عَلَى حَالٍ وَأَنَا الْيَوْمَ عَلَى حَالٍ أُخْرَى كُنْتُ أَدْخُلُ الأرْضَ فَأَدْعُو الرَّجُلَ وَالإثْنَيْنِ وَالْمَرْأَةَ فَيُنْقِذُ الله مَنْ شَاءَ وَأَنَا الْيَوْمَ لا أَدْعُو أَحَداً فَقَالَ وَمَا عَلَيْكَ أَنْ تُخَلِّيَ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ وَبَيْنَ رَبِّهِمْ فَمَنْ أَرَادَ الله أَنْ يُخْرِجَهُ مِنْ ظُلْمَةٍ إِلَى نُورٍ أَخْرَجَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ وَلا عَلَيْكَ إِنْ آنَسْتَ مِنْ أَحَدٍ خَيْراً أَنْ تَنْبِذَ إِلَيْهِ الشَّيْ‏ءَ نَبْذاً قُلْتُ أَخْبِرْنِي عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَمَنْ أَحْياها فَكَأَنَّما أَحْيَا النَّاسَ جَمِيعاً قَالَ مِنْ حَرَقٍ أَوْ غَرَقٍ ثُمَّ سَكَتَ ثُمَّ قَالَ تَأْوِيلُهَا الأعْظَمُ أَنْ دَعَاهَا فَاسْتَجَابَتْ لَهُ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Khalid from al- Nadr ibn Suwayd from Yahya ibn ‘Imran al- Halabi from abu Khalid al-Qammat from Humran who has said the following: “Once I said to abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) ‘Can I ask you a question, may Allah keep you well?’ He said, ‘Yes you may do so.’ I said, ‘I was in a particular condition and today I am in another condition. I would go in the land to invite one or two men and women (to our belief) and Allah would save whomever He wanted. Today I do not invite anyone.’ The Imam said, ‘It is no offense to you to leave people to their Lord. Whomever Allah wants to guide and take out of darkness to light He does so.’ The Imam then said, ‘It is not an offense to you if you sense good in someone to introduce an issue.’ 1 then said, ‘Tell me about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, ‘. . . to save a life is as great a virtue as to save all of mankind. . . .’ (5:32) The Imam said, ‘It refers to burning or drowning someone. He then remained quiet and then said, ‘Its greatest case in point, is that one is invited (to the truth), and he accepts it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (151/ 9)