84. Endeavor to help a Believer

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مَرْوَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ مَشْيُ الرَّجُلِ فِي حَاجَةِ أَخِيهِ الْمُؤْمِنِ يُكْتَبُ لَهُ عَشْرُ حَسَنَاتٍ وَيُمْحَى عَنْهُ عَشْرُ سَيِّئَاتٍ وَيُرْفَعُ لَهُ عَشْرُ دَرَجَاتٍ قَالَ وَلا أَعْلَمُهُ إِلا قَالَ وَيَعْدِلُ عَشْرَ رِقَابٍ وَأَفْضَلُ مِنِ اعْتِكَافِ شَهْرٍ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Muhammad ibn Marwan from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘For a believer’s walking to help a believing brother (in belief) ten good deeds are written for him, ten of his sins are deleted and he is raised ten degrees in meritorious status.’ The narrator has said, ‘I do not know what else the Imam said, but (I do know) he (the Imam) said, ‘It is equal to setting ten slaves free and performing ‘I’tikaf (a certain form of worship) in the Sacred Mosque.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/111)



2ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَمَّرِ بْنِ خَلادٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ إِنَّ لله عِبَاداً فِي الأرْضِ يَسْعَوْنَ فِي حَوَائِجِ النَّاسِ هُمُ الآمِنُونَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَمَنْ أَدْخَلَ عَلَى مُؤْمِنٍ سُرُوراً فَرَّحَ الله قَلْبَهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ.


2. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Mu’ammar ibn al-Khallad who has said the following: “I heard abu al-Hassan (a.s.) saying, ‘There are servants of Allah on earth who endeavor to help people, these (helping ones) will be secure and safe on the Day of Judgment. Whoever sends joy to the heart of a believer, on the Day of Judgment, Allah will fill his heart with joy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/112)



3ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عُبَيْدَةَ الْحَذَّاءِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) مَنْ مَشَى فِي حَاجَةِ أَخِيهِ الْمُسْلِمِ أَظَلَّهُ الله بِخَمْسَةٍ وَسَبْعِينَ أَلْفَ مَلَكٍ وَلَمْ يَرْفَعْ قَدَماً إِلا كَتَبَ الله لَهُ حَسَنَةً وَحَطَّ عَنْهُ بِهَا سَيِّئَةً وَيَرْفَعُ لَهُ بِهَا دَرَجَةً فَإِذَا فَرَغَ مِنْ حَاجَتِهِ كَتَبَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَهُ بِهَا أَجْرَ حَاجٍّ وَمُعْتَمِرٍ.


3. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Ahmad from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from a man from abu ‘Ubaydah al-Hadhdha’ who abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far (a.s.) has said, ‘One who walks to help his Muslim brother (in belief) Allah will make seventy-five thousand angels to provide him shadow and for each step that he walks Allah writes for him one good deed, deletes one of his sins and raises him by one degree in meritorious satus. When he completes the help, Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, writes for him the reward for one Hajj and one ‘Umrah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (112/ 9)



4ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ خَارِجَةَ عَنْ صَدَقَةَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ مِنْ أَهْلِ حُلْوَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لأنْ أَمْشِيَ فِي حَاجَةِ أَخٍ لِي مُسْلِمٍ أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ مِنْ أَنْ أُعْتِقَ أَلْفَ نَسَمَةٍ وَأَحْمِلَ فِي سَبِيلِ الله عَلَى أَلْفِ فَرَسٍ مُسْرَجَةٍ مُلْجَمَةٍ.


4. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Harun ibn Kharijah from Sadaqah from a man of the people of Hulwan from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Walking to help my Muslim brother (in belief) is more beloved to me than setting free one thousand souls and donating one thousand horses, saddled and harnessed, ready for use in the way of Allah.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (113/ 9)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عُمَرَ الْيَمَانِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَا مِنْ مُؤْمِنٍ يَمْشِي لأخِيهِ الْمُؤْمِنِ فِي حَاجَةٍ إِلا كَتَبَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَهُ بِكُلِّ خُطْوَةٍ حَسَنَةً وَحَطَّ عَنْهُ بِهَا سَيِّئَةً وَرَفَعَ لَهُ بِهَا دَرَجَةً وَزِيدَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ عَشْرُ حَسَنَاتٍ وَشُفِّعَ فِي عَشْرِ حَاجَاتٍ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from Ibrahim ibn ‘Umar al-Yamani from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Whoever of the believing people walks to help his believing brother, Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, writes one good deed for him for every step of his walking, deletes one sin and raises him one degree in meritorious status, adds ten good deeds thereafter and accepts his intercession in ten issues.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (113/ 9)



6ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ الْخَزَّازِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَنْ سَعَى فِي حَاجَةِ أَخِيهِ الْمُسْلِمِ طَلَبَ وَجْهِ الله كَتَبَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَهُ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ حَسَنَةٍ يَغْفِرُ فِيهَا لأقَارِبِهِ وَجِيرَانِهِ وَإِخْوَانِهِ وَمَعَارِفِهِ وَمَنْ صَنَعَ إِلَيْهِ مَعْرُوفاً فِي الدُّنْيَا فَإِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ الْقِيَامَةِ قِيلَ لَهُ ادْخُلِ النَّارَ فَمَنْ وَجَدْتَهُ فِيهَا صَنَعَ إِلَيْكَ مَعْرُوفاً فِي الدُّنْيَا فَأَخْرِجْهُ بِإِذْنِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلا أَنْ يَكُونَ نَاصِباً.


6. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from abu Ayyub al-Khazzaz from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “One who endeavors to help his Muslim brother (in belief) for the sake of Allah, Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, writes for him one million good deeds, grants forgiveness to his relatives, neighbors, brothers, those whom he knows and those who has done favors for him in the worldly life. On the Day of Judgment it will be said to him, ‘Find in the fire those who had done favors for you in the worldly life and take them out by the permission of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, except people of harsh behavior against A’immah.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (113/ 9)



7ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ خَلَفِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَنْ سَعَى فِي حَاجَةِ أَخِيهِ الْمُسْلِمِ فَاجْتَهَدَ فِيهَا فَأَجْرَى الله عَلَى يَدَيْهِ قَضَاءَهَا كَتَبَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَهُ حَجَّةً وَعُمْرَةً وَاعْتِكَافَ شَهْرَيْنِ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ وَصِيَامَهُمَا وَإِنِ اجْتَهَدَ فِيهَا وَلَمْ يُجْرِ الله قَضَاءَهَا عَلَى يَدَيْهِ كَتَبَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَهُ حَجَّةً وَعُمْرَةً.


7. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from his father from Khalaf Hammad from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar from abu Basir from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Whoever endeavors to help his Muslim brother (in belief) and strives in it and Allah makes it (such help) possible through him, Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, writes down for him the reward for one Hajj, one ‘Umrah and ‘l’tikaf (a certain form of worship) for two months in the Sacred Mosque with fasting. If he strives without success, Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, writes down for him the reward for one Hajj and one ‘Umrah.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (114/ 9)



8ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ كَفَى بِالْمَرْءِ اعْتِمَاداً عَلَى أَخِيهِ أَنْ يُنْزِلَ بِهِ حَاجَتَهُ.


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al- Hassan ibn Ali from Jamil ibn Darraj from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “A believer’s asking help from his brother (in belief) is enough proof of the former’s trust in the latter.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (114/ 9)



9ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ صَفْوَانَ الْجَمَّالِ قَالَ كُنْتُ جَالِساً مَعَ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) إِذْ دَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ مَكَّةَ يُقَالُ لَهُ مَيْمُونٌ فَشَكَا إِلَيْهِ تَعَذُّرَ الْكِرَاءِ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ لِي قُمْ فَأَعِنْ أَخَاكَ فَقُمْتُ مَعَهُ فَيَسَّرَ الله كِرَاهُ فَرَجَعْتُ إِلَى مَجْلِسِي فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) مَا صَنَعْتَ فِي حَاجَةِ أَخِيكَ فَقُلْتُ قَضَاهَا الله بِأَبِي أَنْتَ وَأُمِّي فَقَالَ أَمَا إِنَّكَ أَنْ تُعِينَ أَخَاكَ الْمُسْلِمَ أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ مِنْ طَوَافِ أُسْبُوعٍ بِالْبَيْتِ مُبْتَدِئاً ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ رَجُلاً أَتَى الْحَسَنَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيهِما السَّلام) فَقَالَ بِأَبِي أَنْتَ وَأُمِّي أَعِنِّي عَلَى قَضَاءِ حَاجَةٍ فَانْتَعَلَ وَقَامَ مَعَهُ فَمَرَّ عَلَى الْحُسَيْنِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) وَهُوَ قَائِمٌ يُصَلِّي فَقَالَ لَهُ أَيْنَ كُنْتَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله تَسْتَعِينُهُ عَلَى حَاجَتِكَ قَالَ قَدْ فَعَلْتُ بِأَبِي أَنْتَ وَأُمِّي فَذُكِرَ أَنَّهُ مُعْتَكِفٌ فَقَالَ لَهُ أَمَا إِنَّهُ لَوْ أَعَانَكَ كَانَ خَيْراً لَهُ مِنِ اعْتِكَافِهِ شَهْراً.


9. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from certain individuals of our people from Safwan al-Jammal who has said the following: “Once I was in the presence of abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) when a man from the people of Makkah called Maymun came in and complained to him about his difficulty paying his rent. The Imam said to me, ‘Stand up and help your brother (in belief).’ I then left with him and Allah facilitated payment for his rent and I returned to the assembly. Abu ‘Abd Allah asked, ‘What did you do for your brother (in belief)?’ I said, ‘Allah facilitated it for him, may Allah keep the souls of my parents in service for your cause.’ The Imam said, ‘Your help to your Muslim brother (in belief) is more beloved to me than performing Tawaf (walking seven times around the Ka’ba for worship) around the House.’ The Imam said it on his own initiation. Then the Imam said, ‘Once a man came to al- Hassan ibn Ali (a.s.) and said, “May Allah keep the souls of my parents in service for your cause, 1 need help with a certain matter.” He put on his shoes and left with him. They passed by al-Husayn ibn Ali (a.s.) where he was standing in prayer and he (al-Hassan) asked the man, ‘Did you ask abu ‘Abd Allah for help?’ The man said, ‘May Allah keep my soul in service for your cause, I already have done so and abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) said that he was in ‘I’tikaf (a certain form of worship).’ Al-Hassan (a.s.) said, ‘Had he helped you (were he not in T’tikaf), it would have been better for him than T’tikaf for a whole month.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (115/ 9)



10ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبِي جَمِيلَةَ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ الْخَلْقُ عِيَالِي فَأَحَبُّهُمْ إِلَيَّ أَلْطَفُهُمْ بِهِمْ وَأَسْعَاهُمْ فِي حَوَائِجِهِمْ.


10. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Hassan ibn Ali from abu Jamilah from ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has said, “Creatures are My dependents. The most beloved among them to Me is the most compassionate of them toward the others and who endeavors the most to help them.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/117)



11ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عُمَارَةَ قَالَ كَانَ حَمَّادُ بْنُ أَبِي حَنِيفَةَ إِذَا لَقِيَنِي قَالَ كَرِّرْ عَلَيَّ حَدِيثَكَ فَأُحَدِّثُهُ قُلْتُ رُوِّينَا أَنَّ عَابِدَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ كَانَ إِذَا بَلَغَ الْغَايَةَ فِي الْعِبَادَةِ صَارَ مَشَّاءً فِي حَوَائِجِ النَّاسِ عَانِياً بِمَا يُصْلِحُهُمْ.


11. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from his father from certain individuals of his people from abu ‘ Ammarah who has said: “Hammad ibn abu Hanifah during a meeting said to me, ‘Repeat your Hadith to me.’ I then narrate to him, ‘It is narrated to us that the worshippers of Israelites on reaching the perfect stage of worshipping would become the walkers to help meet the needs of people and paid proper attention to benefit them.’”