193. Things that Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, gave Adam at the Time of Repentance

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله أَوْ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ آدَمَ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ يَا رَبِّ سَلَّطْتَ عَلَيَّ الشَّيْطَانَ وَأَجْرَيْتَهُ مِنِّي مَجْرَى الدَّمِ فَاجْعَلْ لِي شَيْئاً فَقَالَ يَا آدَمُ جَعَلْتُ لَكَ أَنَّ مَنْ هَمَّ مِنْ ذُرِّيَّتِكَ بِسَيِّئَةٍ لَمْ تُكْتَبْ عَلَيْهِ فَإِنْ عَمِلَهَا كُتِبَتْ عَلَيْهِ سَيِّئَةٌ وَمَنْ هَمَّ مِنْهُمْ بِحَسَنَةٍ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَعْمَلْهَا كُتِبَتْ لَهُ حَسَنَةٌ فَإِنْ هُوَ عَمِلَهَا كُتِبَتْ لَهُ عَشْراً قَالَ يَا رَبِّ زِدْنِي قَالَ جَعَلْتُ لَكَ أَنَّ مَنْ عَمِلَ مِنْهُمْ سَيِّئَةً ثُمَّ اسْتَغْفَرَ لَهُ غَفَرْتُ لَهُ قَالَ يَا رَبِّ زِدْنِي قَالَ جَعَلْتُ لَهُمُ التَّوْبَةَ أَوْ قَالَ بَسَطْتُ لَهُمُ التَّوْبَةَ حَتَّى تَبْلُغَ النَّفْسُ هَذِهِ قَالَ يَا رَبِّ حَسْبِي.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj from ibn Bukayr from abu ‘Abd Allah or abu la’ far (a.s.) who has said the following: “Adam said, ‘O Lord, you have made Satan dominate me and made him flow in me like blood, so make something for me also.’ The Lord said, ‘O Adam, for your benefit I have given your offspring the advantage of not writing down against them any sin if they only intend to commit an evil deed. If they actually commit an evil deed only one evil deed is written against them. If anyone of them intends to perform a good deed one good deed is written down for him even if he did not perform it. If, however, he actually performs it ten good deeds are written for him.’ Adam said, ‘O Lord, increase favors upon me.’ The Lord said, ‘I have also assigned for your benefit that if anyone of your offspring commits a sin and then pleads before Me for forgiveness I forgive him.’ Adam said, ‘Lord, grant me more favors.’ The Lord said, ‘I, for their advantage, have made repentance available to them’ or he (the Imam) said that the Lord said, ‘I have extended the time for repentance in their favor up to the time the soul reaches this (throat).’ Adam then said, ‘Lord, this is sufficient for me.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (11/311)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) مَنْ تَابَ قَبْلَ مَوْتِهِ بِسَنَةٍ قَبِلَ الله تَوْبَتَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ السَّنَةَ لَكَثِيرَةٌ مَنْ تَابَ قَبْلَ مَوْتِهِ بِشَهْرٍ قَبِلَ الله تَوْبَتَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ الشَّهْرَ لَكَثِيرٌ مَنْ تَابَ قَبْلَ مَوْتِهِ بِجُمْعَةٍ قَبِلَ الله تَوْبَتَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ الْجُمْعَةَ لَكَثِيرٌ مَنْ تَابَ قَبْلَ مَوْتِهِ بِيَوْمٍ قَبِلَ الله تَوْبَتَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ يَوْماً لَكَثِيرٌ مَنْ تَابَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُعَايِنَ قَبِلَ الله تَوْبَتَهُ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from those whom he has mentioned (in his book) from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘If one repents one year before his death, Allah accepts his repentance.’ Then he said, ‘One year is a long time. Whoever repents one month before his death Allah accepts his repentance.’ Then he said, ‘One month is a long time. Whoever repents one week before his death, Allah accepts his repentance.’ Then he said, ‘One week is a long time. Whoever repents one day before his death, Allah accepts his repentance.’ Then he said, ‘One day is a long time. Whoever repents before he sees (the consequences), Allah accepts his repentance.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (11/313)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا بَلَغَتِ النَّفْسُ هَذِهِ وَأَهْوَى بِيَدِهِ إِلَى حَلْقِهِ لَمْ يَكُنْ لِلْعَالِمِ تَوْبَةٌ وَكَانَتْ لِلْجَاهِلِ تَوْبَةٌ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil from Zurara from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “When the soul reaches this - pointing to his throat - there will be no repentance for one who has knowledge, however, there will be repentance for an ignorant person.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (11/314)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ وَهْبٍ قَالَ خَرَجْنَا إِلَى مَكَّةَ وَمَعَنَا شَيْخٌ مُتَأَلِّهٌ مُتَعَبِّدٌ لا يَعْرِفُ هَذَا الأمْرَ يُتِمُّ الصَّلاةَ فِي الطَّرِيقِ وَمَعَهُ ابْنُ أَخٍ لَهُ مُسْلِمٌ فَمَرِضَ الشَّيْخُ فَقُلْتُ لإبْنِ أَخِيهِ لَوْ عَرَضْتَ هَذَا الأمْرَ عَلَى عَمِّكَ لَعَلَّ الله أَنْ يُخَلِّصَهُ فَقَالَ كُلُّهُمْ دَعُوا الشَّيْخَ حَتَّى يَمُوتَ عَلَى حَالِهِ فَإِنَّهُ حَسَنُ الْهَيْئَةِ فَلَمْ يَصْبِرْ ابْنُ أَخِيهِ حَتَّى قَالَ لَهُ يَا عَمِّ إِنَّ النَّاسَ ارْتَدُّوا بَعْدَ رَسُولِ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) إِلا نَفَراً يَسِيراً وَكَانَ لِعَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) مِنَ الطَّاعَةِ مَا كَانَ لِرَسُولِ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) وَكَانَ بَعْدَ رَسُولِ الله الْحَقُّ وَالطَّاعَةُ لَهُ قَالَ فَتَنَفَّسَ الشَّيْخُ وَشَهَقَ وَقَالَ أَنَا عَلَى هَذَا وَخَرَجَتْ نَفْسُهُ فَدَخَلْنَا عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) فَعَرَضَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ السَّرِيِّ هَذَا الْكَلامَ عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) فَقَالَ هُوَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ قَالَ لَهُ عَلِيُّ بْنُ السَّرِيِّ إِنَّهُ لَمْ يَعْرِفْ شَيْئاً مِنْ هَذَا غَيْرَ سَاعَتِهِ تِلْكَ قَالَ فَتُرِيدُونَ مِنْهُ مَا ذَا قَدْ دَخَلَ وَالله الْجَنَّةَ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Mu’awiyah ibn Wahab who has said the following: “Once we left for Makka and with us there was an old man, very religious and worshipping but did not know this cause (Shi’a Muslim belief). He would pray full (not in reduced form) on a journey and with him there was the son of his brother, also a Muslim. The old man became ill and I said to the son of his brother, ‘If you introduce this cause to your uncle perhaps Allah may grant him freedom.’ All of them said, ‘Leave the old man alone to die in his condition; he looks just fine.’ The son of his brother did not wait and said, ‘Uncle, people after the Messenger of Allah proselytized (gave up their religion) except a very few people. Ali ibn abu Talib must have been obeyed just like the Messenger of Allah had been obeyed. After the Messenger of Allah it was the right of Ali to be obeyed.’ “The narrator has said that the old man sighed deeply and said, ‘I am upon this (belief),’ and he died. We then went in the presence of abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) and Ali ibn al-Sariy narrated the story before abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) and he said, ‘He was a man of paradise.’ Ali ibn al-Sariy said, ‘He had no knowledge of this cause except for one Sa’ah there. ’ The Imam said, ‘What else do you want from him. He, by Allah, has entered paradise.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (11/315)