162. Immediate Punishment of Sins

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) خَمْسٌ إِنْ أَدْرَكْتُمُوهُنَّ فَتَعَوَّذُوا بِالله مِنْهُنَّ لَمْ تَظْهَرِ الْفَاحِشَةُ فِي قَوْمٍ قَطُّ حَتَّى يُعْلِنُوهَا إِلا ظَهَرَ فِيهِمُ الطَّاعُونُ وَالأوْجَاعُ الَّتِي لَمْ تَكُنْ فِي أَسْلافِهِمُ الَّذِينَ مَضَوْا وَلَمْ يَنْقُصُوا الْمِكْيَالَ وَالْمِيزَانَ إِلا أُخِذُوا بِالسِّنِينَ وَشِدَّةِ الْمَئُونَةِ وَجَوْرِ السُّلْطَانِ وَلَمْ يَمْنَعُوا الزَّكَاةَ إِلا مُنِعُوا الْقَطْرَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ وَلَوْ لا الْبَهَائِمُ لَمْ يُمْطَرُوا وَلَمْ يَنْقُضُوا عَهْدَ الله وَعَهْدَ رَسُولِهِ إِلا سَلَّطَ الله عَلَيْهِمْ عَدُوَّهُمْ وَأَخَذُوا بَعْضَ مَا فِي أَيْدِيهِمْ وَلَمْ يَحْكُمُوا بِغَيْرِ مَا أَنْزَلَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلا جَعَلَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بَأْسَهُمْ بَيْنَهُمْ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and a number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad all from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Nasr from Aban from a man from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘If you find five things, then seek refuge to Allah against them: indecency has never become manifest in a people to the limit of an open performance, but that a plague and such pains that were never experienced before by their ancestors will appear among them. People who cheat in weighing and measurements face a famine, harsh conditions of living and injustice of the king. If a people deny payment of al- Zakat (charity) they will be denied rains from the skies. Were it not for the existence of animals no rain would come down upon them. If a people disregard the covenant of Allah, and the Messenger of Allah, Allah will make dominant over them their enemy and will take away certain items of their possession. If a people judge their cases by that which is not from Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, will make them to suffer a civil war.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (11/70)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ مَالِكِ بْنِ عَطِيَّةَ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ وَجَدْنَا فِي كِتَابِ رَسُولِ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) إِذَا ظَهَرَ الزِّنَا مِنْ بَعْدِي كَثُرَ مَوْتُ الْفَجْأَةِ وَإِذَا طُفِّفَ الْمِكْيَالُ وَالْمِيزَانُ أَخَذَهُمُ الله بِالسِّنِينَ وَالنَّقْصِ وَإِذَا مَنَعُوا الزَّكَاةَ مَنَعَتِ الأرْضُ بَرَكَتَهَا مِنَ الزَّرْعِ وَالثِّمَارِ وَالْمَعَادِنِ كُلَّهَا وَإِذَا جَارُوا فِي الأحْكَامِ تَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الظُّلْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ وَإِذَا نَقَضُوا الْعَهْدَ سَلَّطَ الله عَلَيْهِمْ عَدُوَّهُمْ وَإِذَا قَطَّعُوا الأرْحَامَ جُعِلَتِ الأمْوَالُ فِي أَيْدِي الأشْرَارِ وَإِذَا لَمْ يَأْمُرُوا بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَلَمْ يَنْهَوْا عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَلَمْ يَتَّبِعُوا الأخْيَارَ مِنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِي سَلَّطَ الله عَلَيْهِمْ شِرَارَهُمْ فَيَدْعُوا خِيَارُهُمْ فَلا يُسْتَجَابُ لَهُمْ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and a number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad all from ibn Mahbub from Malik ibn ‘Atiyyah from abu Hamza from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “We have found in the book of the Messenger of Allah the following: after my leaving this world when fornication will turn out to be apparent among people, sudden death will take place more frequently. When weighing and measurement will become light, people will face famine and shortages of livelihood. When they deny paying al-Zakat (charity) the land will deny them its blessings of all of its farming, fruits and minerals. When people become unjust in their judgment, they will cooperate in injustice and animosity. When they disregard their covenant, Allah will make their enemies dominate them. When they fail to maintain good relations with relatives, properties will go in the hands of evildoers. When people stop commanding the fulfillment of obligations and prohibiting the unlawful matters and do not follow the virtuous people of my family, Allah will make their evil people dominate them. Their virtuous ones will pray but their prayers will not be heard.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (11/72)