Al-Kāfi - Volume 2 > Those Who Seek to Find Mistakes and (expose) Privacies of the Believers
Hadith #1

1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَالْفَضْلِ ابْنَيْ يَزِيدَ الأشْعَرِيِّ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ وَأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالا أَقْرَبُ مَا يَكُونُ الْعَبْدُ إِلَى الْكُفْرِ أَنْ يُوَاخِيَ الرَّجُلَ عَلَى الدِّينِ فَيُحْصِيَ عَلَيْهِ عَثَرَاتِهِ وَزَلاتِهِ لِيُعَنِّفَهُ بِهَا يَوْماً مَا.

1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Ibrahim and al-Fadl sons of Yazid al-Ash’ari from ‘Abd Allah ibn Bukayr from Zurara from abu Ja’far and abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘A servant (of Allah) is closest to disbelief when he assumes brotherhood (in belief) with a man and then begins to count his mistakes and slips so he can one day use them against him.’”



Hadith #2

2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) يَا مَعْشَرَ مَنْ أَسْلَمَ بِلِسَانِهِ وَلَمْ يُخْلِصِ الإيمَانَ إِلَى قَلْبِهِ لا تَذُمُّوا الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَلا تَتَبَّعُوا عَوْرَاتِهِمْ فَإِنَّهُ مَنْ تَتَبَّعَ عَوْرَاتِهِمْ تَتَبَّعَ الله عَوْرَتَهُ وَمَنْ تَتَبَّعَ الله تَعَالَى عَوْرَتَهُ يَفْضَحْهُ وَلَوْ فِي بَيْتِهِ. عَنْهُ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنْ أَبِي الْجَارُودِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) مِثْلَهُ.

2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Nu’man from Ishaq ibn ‘ Ammar who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘The Messenger of Allah has said, “O group of people who have accepted Islam with their tongue and belief has not yet purely and freely entered into their hearts, do not criticize the Muslims and do not seek to search into their privacies to find faults in them; Allah will then do the same to them and to whomever Allah will do such a thing, He may disgrace him even in the privacy of his own home.’” It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Ali ibn al-Nu’man from abu al-Jarud from abu Ja’far (a.s.) a similar Hadith.



Hadith #3

3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ أَقْرَبَ مَا يَكُونُ الْعَبْدُ إِلَى الْكُفْرِ أَنْ يُوَاخِيَ الرَّجُلُ الرَّجُلَ عَلَى الدِّينِ فَيُحْصِيَ عَلَيْهِ عَثَرَاتِهِ وَزَلاتِهِ لِيُعَنِّفَهُ بِهَا يَوْماً مَا.

3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from Ali ibn al-Hakam from ‘Abd Allah ibn Bukayr from Zurara from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far (a.s.) has said, ‘A servant (of Allah) is closest to disbelief when he assumes brotherhood (in belief) with a man and then begins to count his mistakes and slips so he can one day use them against him.’”



Hadith #4

4ـ عَنْهُ عَنِ الْحَجَّالِ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) يَا مَعْشَرَ مَنْ أَسْلَمَ بِلِسَانِهِ وَلَمْ يُسْلِمْ بِقَلْبِهِ لا تَتَبَّعُوا عَثَرَاتِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ فَإِنَّهُ مَنْ تَتَبَّعَ عَثَرَاتِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ تَتَبَّعَ الله عَثْرَتَهُ وَمَنْ تَتَبَّعَ الله عَثْرَتَهُ يَفْضَحْهُ.

4. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from al-Hajjal from ‘Asim ibn Humayd from abu Basir from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘O group of people who have accepted Islam with their tongue and not yet with their heart, do not seek to search into the privacies of the Muslims to find faults in them; Allah will then do the same to them and to whomever Allah will do such a thing. He will bring disgrace upon him.’”



Hadith #5

5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ أَوِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) لا تَطْلُبُوا عَثَرَاتِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ فَإِنَّ مَنْ تَتَبَّعَ عَثَرَاتِ أَخِيهِ تَتَبَّعَ الله عَثَرَاتِهِ وَمَنْ تَتَبَّعَ الله عَثَرَاتِهِ يَفْضَحْهُ وَلَوْ فِي جَوْفِ بَيْتِهِ.

5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Ali ibn Isma’il from ibn Muskan from Muhammad ibn Muslim or al-Halabi from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘Do not seek to find faults with the believers; if one seeks to find fault with his brother (in belief), Allah will find faults with him and whoever’s fault Allah will seek to find. He will bring disgrace upon him and it may take place even inside his very own home.’”



Hadith #6

6ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ أَقْرَبُ مَا يَكُونُ الْعَبْدُ إِلَى الْكُفْرِ أَنْ يُوَاخِيَ الرَّجُلُ الرَّجُلَ عَلَى الدِّينِ فَيُحْصِيَ عَلَيْهِ زَلاتِهِ لِيُعَيِّرَهُ بِهَا يَوْماً مَا.

6. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from Zurara from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far (a.s.) has said, ‘A servant (of Allah) is closest to disbelief when he assumes brotherhood (in belief) with a man and then begins to count his mistakes and slips so he can one day use them against him to disgrace him.’”



Hadith #7

7ـ عَنْهُ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ أَبْعَدُ مَا يَكُونُ الْعَبْدُ مِنَ الله أَنْ يَكُونَ الرَّجُلُ يُوَاخِيَ الرَّجُلَ وَهُوَ يَحْفَظُ عَلَيْهِ زَلاتِهِ لِيُعَيِّرَهُ بِهَا يَوْماً مَا.

7. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘A servant (of Allah) is farthest from Allah when he assumes brotherhood (in belief) with a man and keeps counting his slips and mistakes so he can one day use them against him.’”