135. Hardheartedness

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عِيسَى رَفَعَهُ قَالَ فِيمَا نَاجَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بِهِ مُوسَى (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَا مُوسَى لا تُطَوِّلْ فِي الدُّنْيَا أَمَلَكَ فَيَقْسُوَ قَلْبُكَ وَالْقَاسِي الْقَلْبِ مِنِّي بَعِيدٌ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Amr ibn ‘Uthman from Ali ibn ‘Isa in a marfu’ manner has said the following: “It is in the conversations of Moses with Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, ‘O Moses, do not prolong your hopes in the world; it hardens your heart and the hardhearted people are far away from Me.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (10/293)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حَفْصٍ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ دُبَيْسٍ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا خَلَقَ الله الْعَبْدَ فِي أَصْلِ الْخِلْقَةِ كَافِراً لَمْ يَمُتْ حَتَّى يُحَبِّبَ الله إِلَيْهِ الشَّرَّ فَيَقْرُبَ مِنْهُ فَابْتَلاهُ بِالْكِبْرِ وَالْجَبْرِيَّةِ فَقَسَا قَلْبُهُ وَسَاءَ خُلُقُهُ وَغَلُظَ وَجْهُهُ وَظَهَرَ فُحْشُهُ وَقَلَّ حَيَاؤُهُ وَكَشَفَ الله سِتْرَهُ وَرَكِبَ الْمَحَارِمَ فَلَمْ يَنْزِعْ عَنْهَا ثُمَّ رَكِبَ مَعَاصِيَ الله وَأَبْغَضَ طَاعَتَهُ وَوَثَبَ عَلَى النَّاسِ لا يَشْبَعُ مِنَ الْخُصُومَاتِ فَاسْأَلُوا الله الْعَافِيَةَ وَاطْلُبُوهَا مِنْهُ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Muhammad ibn Hafs from Isma’il ibn Dabis from those whom has mentioned (in his book) from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “If Allah creates a servant as an unbeliever in the beginning of his creation he will not die until He makes evil seem attractive to him so he draws nearer to evil. He then makes him turn out as arrogant and tyrannical. His heart then hardens, his behavior worsens, his face thickens (shameless), his obscenity becomes public, his bashfulness reduces and Allah opens his secrets. Thereafter unlawful dealing becomes his way of life and he does not separate from it. He then grows disobedient to Allah all the time and begins to hate obedience to Allah. He then moves on the offensive against people and is never satisfied with quarrels. Thus, you must ask Allah to grant you well-being, and you must seek to achieve it from Him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/293)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) لَمَّتَانِ لَمَّةٌ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ وَلَمَّةٌ مِنَ الْمَلَكِ فَلَمَّةُ الْمَلَكِ الرِّقَّةُ وَالْفَهْمُ وَلَمَّةُ الشَّيْطَانِ السَّهْوُ وَالْقَسْوَةُ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Nawfali from al-Sakuni from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Amir al-Mu’minin, Ali ibn abu Talib (a.s.) has said, ‘There are two kinds of motivations, one from Satan and one from the angel. The motivation from the angel is tenderheartedness and shaip understanding, and the motivation from Satan is confusion and hardheartedness.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (10/294)