131. Abusiveness

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْمَغْرَاءِ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ مِنْ عَلامَاتِ شِرْكِ الشَّيْطَانِ الَّذِي لا يُشَكُّ فِيهِ أَنْ يَكُونَ فَحَّاشاً لا يُبَالِي مَا قَالَ وَلا مَا قِيلَ فِيهِ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ibn Faddal from abu al-Maghra’ from abu Basir from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘Of the signs of the association of Satan with a person, without any doubt, is that he becomes abusive and is no more concerned about what he says or what is said about him.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (10/269)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) إِذَا رَأَيْتُمُ الرَّجُلَ لا يُبَالِي مَا قَالَ وَلا مَا قِيلَ لَهُ فَإِنَّهُ لِغَيَّةٍ أَوْ شِرْكِ شَيْطَانٍ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The messenger of Allah has said, ‘If you find a man who is not concerned at all about what he says or what is said about him, he certainly is an straying person or an associate of Satan.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/270)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ أَبِي عَيَّاشٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ عَنْ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) إِنَّ الله حَرَّمَ الْجَنَّةَ عَلَى كُلِّ فَحَّاشٍ بَذِي‏ءٍ قَلِيلِ الْحَيَاءِ لا يُبَالِي مَا قَالَ وَلا مَا قِيلَ لَهُ فَإِنَّكَ إِنْ فَتَّشْتَهُ لَمْ تَجِدْهُ إِلا لِغَيَّةٍ أَوْ شِرْكِ شَيْطَانٍ فَقِيلَ يَا رَسُولَ الله وَفِي النَّاسِ شِرْكُ شَيْطَانٍ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) أَ مَا تَقْرَأُ قَوْلَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَشارِكْهُمْ فِي الأمْوالِ وَالأوْلادِ قَالَ وَسَأَلَ رَجُلٌ فَقِيهاً هَلْ فِي النَّاسِ مَنْ لا يُبَالِي مَا قِيلَ لَهُ قَالَ مَنْ تَعَرَّضَ لِلنَّاسِ يَشْتِمُهُمْ وَهُوَ يَعْلَمُ أَنَّهُمْ لا يَتْرُكُونَهُ فَذَلِكَ الَّذِي لا يُبَالِي مَا قَالَ وَلا مَا قِيلَ فِيهِ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from ‘Umar ibn ‘Udhaynah from Aban ibn abu ‘Ayyash from Sulaym ibn Qays from Amir al-Mu’minin, Ali ibn abu Talib (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘Allah has made paradise unlawful for every abusive, immoral, and (persons) lacking bashfulness who is not concerned about what he says or what is said to him. If (investigated) you find him to be an straying person or a partner of Satan.’ It was asked, O Messenger of Allah, ‘Does Satan become a partner of people?’ the Messenger of Allah said, ‘Have you not read the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, ‘ . . . share them in their properties and children. . . .’ (17:64) “The narrator has said that a man then asked a one learned in the law (the Imam), ‘Is there among the people anyone who is not concerned about what he says or what is said about him?’ The Imam said, ‘One who disturbs people and abuses them knowing that people do not leave him without a response, such a person is the one who is not concerned about what he says or what is said about him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مختلف فيه معتبر عند ي - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (10/270)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبِي جَمِيلَةَ يَرْفَعُهُ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الله يُبْغِضُ الْفَاحِشَ الْمُتَفَحِّشَ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn al-Hakam from abu Jamilah in a marfu’ manner from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far (a.s.) has said, ‘Allah hates an abusive obscenity-monger.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (10/272)



5ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ نَضْرٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ نُعْمَانَ الْجُعْفِيِّ قَالَ كَانَ لأبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) صَدِيقٌ لا يَكَادُ يُفَارِقُهُ إِذَا ذَهَبَ مَكَاناً فَبَيْنَمَا هُوَ يَمْشِي مَعَهُ فِي الْحَذَّاءِينَ وَمَعَهُ غُلامٌ لَهُ سِنْدِيٌّ يَمْشِي خَلْفَهُمَا إِذَا الْتَفَتَ الرَّجُلُ يُرِيدُ غُلامَهُ ثَلاثَ مَرَّاتٍ فَلَمْ يَرَهُ فَلَمَّا نَظَرَ فِي الرَّابِعَةِ قَالَ يَا ابْنَ الْفَاعِلَةِ أَيْنَ كُنْتَ قَالَ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَدَهُ فَصَكَّ بِهَا جَبْهَةَ نَفْسِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ سُبْحَانَ الله تَقْذِفُ أُمَّهُ قَدْ كُنْتُ أَرَى أَنَّ لَكَ وَرَعاً فَإِذَا لَيْسَ لَكَ وَرَعٌ فَقَالَ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ إِنَّ أُمَّهُ سِنْدِيَّةٌ مُشْرِكَةٌ فَقَالَ أَ مَا عَلِمْتَ أَنَّ لِكُلِّ أُمَّةٍ نِكَاحاً تَنَحَّ عَنِّي قَالَ فَمَا رَأَيْتُهُ يَمْشِي مَعَهُ حَتَّى فَرَّقَ الْمَوْتُ بَيْنَهُمَا. وَفِي رِوَايَةٍ أُخْرَى إِنَّ لِكُلِّ أُمَّةٍ نِكَاحاً يَحْتَجِزُونَ بِهِ مِنَ الزِّنَا.


5. Abu Ali al-Ash’ari has narrated from from Muhammad ibn Salim from Ahmad ibn al-Nadr from ‘ Amr ibn Nu’man al-Ju’fi who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) had a friend who almost all the time accompanied him whenever he went somewhere. Once he was walking with the Imam in the shoemaker’s place and his (man’s) slave from Sind was walking behind them. The man looked to find where his slave was. He could not see him. He tried three times and could not find him. At the fourth time he found him and said, ‘Where have you been, O son of a fornicating woman?’ The narrator has said that the Imam raised his hand and hit his own forehead and said, ‘All glory belongs to Allah, how you could accuse his mother? I considered you a pious person (restraining from sins). Now it shows you have no piety and restraint against evil.’ The man said, ‘May Allah keep my soul in service for your cause, his mother is a Sindy, (a pagan).’ The Imam said, ‘Did you not know that every people have a system of marriage? Stay away from me.’ The narrator has said that thereafter I never saw him walk with the Imam until death separated them from each other. ’ “In another Hadith it says, ‘Every people have a system of marriage. It keeps them reserved and away from fornication.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول وآخره مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/273)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) إِنَّ الْفُحْشَ لَوْ كَانَ مِثَالاً لَكَانَ مِثَالَ سَوْءٍ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ibn ‘Udhaynah from Zurara from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘If obscene language had a form and shape it would have been a very ugly one.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/274)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ كَانَ فِي بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ رَجُلٌ فَدَعَا الله أَنْ يَرْزُقَهُ غُلاماً ثَلاثَ سِنِينَ فَلَمَّا رَأَى أَنَّ الله لا يُجِيبُهُ قَالَ يَا رَبِّ أَ بَعِيدٌ أَنَا مِنْكَ فَلا تَسْمَعُنِي أَمْ قَرِيبٌ أَنْتَ مِنِّي فَلا تُجِيبُنِي قَالَ فَأَتَاهُ آتٍ فِي مَنَامِهِ فَقَالَ إِنَّكَ تَدْعُو الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ مُنْذُ ثَلاثِ سِنِينَ بِلِسَانٍ بَذِي‏ءٍ وَقَلْبٍ عَاتٍ غَيْرِ تَقِيٍّ وَنِيَّةٍ غَيْرِ صَادِقَةٍ فَاقْلَعْ عَنْ بَذَائِكَ وَلْيَتَّقِ الله قَلْبُكَ وَلْتَحْسُنْ نِيَّتُكَ قَالَ فَفَعَلَ الرَّجُلُ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ دَعَا الله فَوُلِدَ لَهُ غُلامٌ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ibn Mahbub from ‘Umar ibn Yazid from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “In the tribe of Israel there was a man who prayed to Allah for a son for three years. When he found that Allah did not answer his prayer, he then asked, ‘O Lord, am I far away from You and You do not hear me or You are close to me but do not answer me?’ The Imam said, ‘Someone came in his dream and said, ‘You have prayed to Allah, the Majestic, the Glorious, for three years in an obscene language, with an oppressive heart that is impious and with untrue intentions. Stay away from obscenity, be pious before Allah and make your intention to be good.’ The Imam said, ‘The man followed the instruction, and prayed to Allah, only then a son was born to him. ’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/274)



8ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) إِنَّ مِنْ شَرِّ عِبَادِ الله مَنْ تُكْرَهُ مُجَالَسَتُهُ لِفُحْشِهِ.


8. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama’a from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The messenger of Allah has said, ‘Of the most wicked and evil servants (of Allah) are those with whom association is disliked due to their use of foul language.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (10/276)



9ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ أَبِي عُبَيْدَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ الْبَذَاءُ مِنَ الْجَفَاءِ وَالْجَفَاءُ فِي النَّارِ.


9. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from abu ‘Ubaydah from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘Using foul language is injustice and injustice is in the fire.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور صحيح عندي 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/276)



10ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ الصَّيْقَلِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) إِنَّ الْفُحْشَ وَالْبَذَاءَ وَالسَّلاطَةَ مِنَ النِّفَاقِ.


10. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Sinan from ibn Muskan from al-Hassan al-Sayqal who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, abusive, foul language and a sharp tongue is hypocrisy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/277)



11ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) إِنَّ الله يُبْغِضُ الْفَاحِشَ الْبَذِي‏ءَ وَالسَّائِلَ الْمُلْحِفَ.


11. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Nu’man from ‘Amr ibn Shimr from Jabir from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘Allah hates those who use foul language and the insistant beggar.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/277)



12ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) لِعَائِشَةَ يَا عَائِشَةُ إِنَّ الْفُحْشَ لَوْ كَانَ مُمَثَّلاً لَكَانَ مِثَالَ سَوْءٍ.


12. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ibn ‘Udhaynah from Zurara from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah once said to ‘A’ishah, ‘O ‘A’ishah, had foul language had a form and shape it would have been a very ugly form and shape.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/277)



13ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ رِجَالِهِ قَالَ قَالَ مَنْ فَحُشَ عَلَى أَخِيهِ الْمُسْلِمِ نَزَعَ الله مِنْهُ بَرَكَةَ رِزْقِهِ وَوَكَلَهُ إِلَى نَفْسِهِ وَأَفْسَدَ عَلَيْهِ مَعِيشَتَهُ.


13. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu’alla ibn Muhammad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from certain individuals of his people from who has said the following: “The Imam has said, ‘Whoever uses foul language against his Muslim brother (in belief) Allah removes blessings from his livelihood, leaves him to be on his own and destroys his means of living.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/278)



14ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ مُعَلىً عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ غَسَّانَ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) فَقَالَ لِي مُبْتَدِئاً يَا سَمَاعَةُ مَا هَذَا الَّذِي كَانَ بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَ جَمَّالِكَ إِيَّاكَ أَنْ تَكُونَ فَحَّاشاً أَوْ صَخَّاباً أَوْ لَعَّاناً فَقُلْتُ وَالله لَقَدْ كَانَ ذَلِكَ أَنَّهُ ظَلَمَنِي فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ ظَلَمَكَ لَقَدْ أَرْبَيْتَ عَلَيْهِ إِنَّ هَذَا لَيْسَ مِنْ فِعَالِي وَلا آمُرُ بِهِ شِيعَتِي اسْتَغْفِرْ رَبَّكَ وَلا تَعُدْ قُلْتُ أَسْتَغْفِرُ الله وَلا أَعُودُ.


14. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Mu’alla from Ahmad ibn Ghassan from Sama’a who has said the following: “Once I went to see abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant. The Imam on his own initiation said to me, ‘O Sama’a, what was that between you and your camel man? Beware of becoming abusive, loud and using foul language.’ I (the narrator) then said, ‘By Allah, it happened but he did injustice to me.’ The Imam said, ‘If he has done injustice to you, you have gained over him. This is not among my behaviors and I do not command my Shi’a (followers) to behave as such. Ask forgiveness from your Lord and do not repeat.’ I then said, ‘I ask forgiveness from Allah and I will not repeat.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (10/279)