114. Persistence in Sins

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ النَّهِيكِيِّ عَنْ عَمَّارِ بْنِ مَرْوَانَ الْقَنْدِيِّ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لا صَغِيرَةَ مَعَ الإصْرَارِ وَلا كَبِيرَةَ مَعَ الإسْتِغْفَارِ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad al-Nuhayki from ‘Ammar ibn Marwan al- Qandi from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Minor sins are not minor if one persists committing such sins and major sins are not major if followed by plea for forgiveness.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/70)



2ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ النَّضْرِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) فِي قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَلَمْ يُصِرُّوا عَلى‏ ما فَعَلُوا وَهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ قَالَ الإصْرَارُ هُوَ أَنْ يُذْنِبَ الذَّنْبَ فَلا يَسْتَغْفِرَ الله وَلا يُحَدِّثَ نَفْسَهُ بِتَوْبَةٍ فَذَلِكَ الإصْرَارُ.


2. Abu Ali al-Ash’ari has narrated from Muhammad ibn Salim from Ahmad ibn al- Nadr from ‘Amr ibn Shamir from Jabir from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “About the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, . . and who do not knowingly persist in their mistakes,’ (3:135) the Imam said, ‘Persistence is when one commits and does not ask forgiveness from Allah nor say anything to himself about repentance. Such attitude is persistence in sin.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (10/72)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ يُونُسَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ لا وَالله لا يَقْبَلُ الله شَيْئاً مِنْ طَاعَتِهِ عَلَى الإصْرَارِ عَلَى شَيْ‏ءٍ مِنْ مَعَاصِيهِ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mansur ibn Yunus from abu Basir who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘No, I swear by Allah, Allah does not accept any act of one’s obedience to Him when one is persisting in disobedience to Him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (10/73)