7. Ibn Abbas’s address on Khilafah

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7 - قال: أخبرني أبو حفص عمر بن محمد قال: حدثنا أبو عبد الله جعفر ابن محمد الحسني قال: حدثنا عيسى بن مهران قال: أخبرنا حفص بن عمر الفرا قال: أخبرنا أبو معاذ الخزاز ، عن عبيد الله بن أحمد الربعي قال: بينا ابن عباس يخطب الناس بالبصرة، إذ أقبل عليهم بوجهه فقال: أيها الأمة المتحيرة في دينها، أما لو قدمتم من قدم الله، وأخرتم من أخر الله، وجعلتم الوراثة والولاية حيث جعلهما الله لما عال سهم من فرائض الله ، ولا عال ولي الله ، ولا اختلف اثنان في حكم الله، ولا تنازعت الأمة في شئ من كتاب الله . فذوقوا وبال ما فرطتم [فيه] بما قدمت أيديكم، " وسيعلم الذين ظلموا أي منقلب ينقلبون " .


7. He said: Abu Hafs Umar ibn Muhammad reported to me from Abu Abdillah Ja’far ibn Muhammad al-Hasani, who reported from Isa ibn Mehran, who reported from Hafs ibn Umar al-Farra, who reported from Abu Muaz al-Khazzaz from Ubaidullah ibn Ahmad al-Rab’ai, who said: While Ibn Abbas addressed the people of Basrah, when he came face to face with them, he said: "O people who are lost and confused about its faith, if you had given precedence to him who Allah had preferred, and if you had kept back him who Allah had kept back, and if you had kept the inheritance and the authority where Allah had kept them, then the share (in inheritance) ordained by Allah would not have devolved upon distant relatives (leaving behind the actual heirs), nor would the Wali of Allah have been deprived; and no two persons would have ever differed about a divine order, nor would the Ummah enter into any disputations about any interpretation of the Book of Allah. So now, have a taste of the evil consequence earned by your disregard, and by your own hands. And those who do injustice shall soon come to know what punishment awaits them."