5. ‘Ali (as) condemns varity and snobbery

Back to book

5 - قال أخبرني أبو الطيب الحسين بن محمد النحوي التمار قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن، قال: حدثنا أبو نعيم، قال: حدثنا صالح بن عبد الله، قال: حدثنا هشام ، عن أبي مخنف، عن الأعمش، عن أبي إسحاق السبيعي، عن الأصبغ ابن نباتة رحمه الله قال: قال: إن أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام خطب ذات يوم، فحمد الله وأنثى عليه وصلى على النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم ثم قال: أيها الناس اسمعوا مقالتي، وعوا كلامي، إن الخيلاء من التجبر، والنخوة من التكبر ، وإن الشيطان عدو حاضر يعدكم الباطل، إلا إن المسلم أخو المسلم، فلا تنابزوا، ولا تخاذلوا ، فإن شرايع الدين واحدة، وسبله قاصدة، من أخذ بها لحق، ومن تركها مرق ، ومن فارقها محق. ليس المسلم بالخائن إذا ائتمن، ولا بالمخلف إذا وعد، ولا بالكذوب إذا نطق. نحن أهل بيت الرحمة، وقولنا الحق، وفعلنا القسط، ومنا خاتم النبيين، وفينا قادة الإسلام وأمناء الكتاب، ندعوكم إلى الله ورسوله وإلى جهاد عدوه، والشدة في أمره، وابتغاء رضوانه ، وإلى إقام الصلاة، و إيتاء الزكاة، وحج البيت، وصيام شهر رمضان، وتوفير الفئ لأهله. ألا وإن أعجب العجب أن معاوية بن أبي سفيان الأموي وعمرو بن العاص السهمي يحرضان الناس على طلب دم ابن عمهما ، وإني والله لم أخالف رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله قط ولم أعصه في أمر قط، أقيه بنفسي في المواطن التي تنكص فيها الأبطال، وترعد منها الفرائص بقوة أكرمني الله بها، فله الحمد، ولقد قبض النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم وإن رأسه لفي حجري، ولقد وليت غسله بيدي، تقلبه الملائكة المقربون معي، وأيم الله ما اختلفت أمة بعد نبيها إلا ظهر باطلها على حقها إلا ما شاء الله. قال: فقام عمار بن ياسر رضي الله عنه فقال: أما أمير المؤمنين فقد أعلمكم أن الأمة لم تستقم عليه، فتفرق الناس وقد نفذت بصائرهم.


5. He said: Abu al-Tayyib al-Husayn ibn Muhammad al-Nahwi al-Tammar reported to me from Muhammad ibn al-Hasan, who reported from Abu Naeem, who reported from Saleh ibn Abdillah, who reported from Hisham, from Abu Mikhnaf, from A’amash, from Abu Ishaq al-Sabi’ee, from al-Asbagh ibn Nubatah, may Allah bless him with mercy, who said: One day Amirul Mu’mineen, peace be upon him, addressed the people and praised Allah, and lauded His glory, and invoked His blessings upon the Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny. Then he said: "O people, listen to what I have to say and assimilate my speech! Snobbery and vanity is a kind of tyranny and self-conceit is a type of arrogance! And Satan is an ever-present enemy, promising you delusion. Be it clear to you that a Muslim is a brother to his fellow Muslim. So do not defame each other and do not betray each other! Surely, the laws of Religion (Islam) are all one, and its ways all head for one goal. He who follows it reaches, and he who abandons it falls, and he who forsakes it is destroyed. When a Muslim is entrusted with something, he never acts dishonestly; and when he promises, he does not break it and when he speaks, he never lies. We are the inmates of mercy; our speech is truth, our acts just. And from us is the last of the Prophets and from among us are the leaders of Islam and the custodians of the Holy Book. We call you unto Allah and His Prophet and to confront His enemies, to struggle strenuously in His affairs and to seek His pleasure. And we invite you to establishing the daily prayers, giving alms, performing the pilgrimage to the sacred House, fasting during the month of Ramadhan and to hasten payment from the surplus of the spoils of war to its rightful owner. Be it known that it is most surprising to see Mu’awiyah, son of Abu Sufyan al-Umawi and Amru ibn al-Aas al-Sahmi, inciting people to avenge for the blood of their cousin (i.e. Uthman ibn Affan). While I say, with Allah as my witness, that I never acted against the messenger of Allah, peace be upon him and his progeny, and I never disobeyed him in any matter. I protected him with my soul in situations when the valiants turned on their heels, and writhed with fear. I did it with the might bestowed upon me by Allah and all praise is for Him. And the Prophet (peace be upon him and his progeny) departed from this world, with his head on my laps, and I arranged to wash him with my hands while the noble angels helped me to turn him sideways. And I swear by the name of Allah, falsehood became manifest against truth in the dispute which arose among the Ummah after its Prophet’s death - except that which Allah Wills." He said: Then Ammar ibn Yasir, may Allah be pleased with him, stood up and said: "But Amirul Mu’mineen has clearly intimated to you that the Ummah will not remain steadfast for him." Then people dispersed with their eyes opened.