53. The Prophet Cursed Abu Sufyan On Seven Occasions

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7-10 5 حدثنا علي بن أحمد بن موسى رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد بن موسى الدقاق قال: حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن داود الحنظلي قال: حدثنا الحسين بن عبد اللهالجعفي، عن حكم بن مسكين قال: حدثنا أبوالجارود، عن أبي الطفيل عامر بن واثلة قال: إن رسول لله صلى الله عليه وآله لعن أباسفيان في سبعة مواطن في كلهن لا يستطيع إلا أن يلعنهأولهن يوم لعنه الله ورسوله وهو خارج من مكة إلى المدينة مهاجرا وأبوسفيان جائي من الشام فوقع فيه أبوسفيان يسبه ويوعده وهم أن يبطش به فصرفه الله عن رسولهوالثانية يوم العير إذا طردها ليحرزها عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فلعنه الله ورسولهوالثالثة يوم احد قال أبوسفيان: اعل هبل، فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: الله أعلى وأجل، فقال أبو سفيان: لنا عزى ولا عزى لكم، فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: الله مولانا ولامولى لكموالرابعة يوم الخندق يوم جاء أبوسفيان في جميع قريش فرد هم الله بغيظهم لم ينالوا خيرا، وأنزل الله عز وجل في القرآن آيتين في سورة الاحزاب فسمى أبا سفيان وأصحابه كفارا، ومعاوية مشرك عدو لله ولرسولهوالخامسة يوم الحديبية والهدى معكوفا أن يبلغ محله وصد مشركوا قريش رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله عن المسجد الحرام وصدوا بدنه أن تبلغ النمحر فرجع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله لم يطف بالكعبة ولم يقض نسكه فلعنه الله ورسولهوالسادسة يوم الاحزاب يوم جاء أبوسفيان بجمع قريش وعامر بن الطفيل بجمع هوازن وعيينة بن حصن بقطفان، وواعدلهم قريظه والنضير أن يأتوهم فلعن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله القادة والاتباع وقال: أما الاتباع فلا تصيب اللعنة مؤمنا، وأما القادة فليس فيهم مؤمن ولا نجيب ولاناجوالسابعة يوم حملوا على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله في العقبة وهم اثنا عشر رجلا من بني امية وخمسة من سائر الناس فلعن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله من على العقبة غير النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وناقته وسائقه وقائدهقال مصنف هذا الكتاب رضي الله عنه: جاء هذا الخبر هكذا والصحيح أن أصحاب العقبة كانوا أربعة عشرالحديث


7-105 Ali ibn Ahmad ibn Musa - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Muhammad ibn Musa al-Daq’qaq quoted Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibnDavood al-Hanzali, on the authority of Al-Hussein ibn Abdullah al-Jo’afy, on the authority of Al-Hikam ibn Meskin, on the authority of Abil Jarud, on the authority of Abil Tufayl Amer ibn Vasele’, “God’s Prophet (MGB) cursed Abu Sufyan on seven occasions. He should not have done anything else. The first occasion on which God and the Prophet (MGB) cursed Abu Sufyan was when the Prophet (MGB) was emigrating to Medina. Abu Sufyan cursed the Prophet (MGB), and wanted to hit the Prophet (MGB) when he ran into the Prophet (MGB) on his way back from Syria. However, God fended off his attack.The second occasion was on the day of the Battle of Badr in which he fled from the Badr well, and God and the Prophet (MGB) cursed him.The third occasion was on the day of the Battle of Uhud when after the Battle Abu Sufyan shouted, ‘Show your superiority, Hubal’ and the Prophet of God (MGB) replied, ‘God is the Most High and the Most Glorious.’ Then Abu Sufyan said, ‘We have Uzza and you do not.’ Then the Prophet (MGB) replied, ‘God is our friend but you have no friends.’The fourth occasion was on the day of the Battle of the Trench when Abu Sufyan had come to fight the Muslims accompanied by all of the Quraysh tribe. However, the Honorable the Exalted God had them return angry and defeated. They had no gains from this Battle and the Honorable the Exalted God revealed two verses to the Prophet (MGB) from the Holy Quran in the Al-Ahzab Chapter. Abu Sufyan and his companions were called atheists, and Muawiyah was called a polytheist and an enemy of God.The fifth occasion was on the day of the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah in which the Quraysh intercepted the Muslims who wanted to offer animals for sacrifice and did not let them reach the place of offering. They also did not let the Prophet (MGB) reach the Holy House. Thus, they had to abandon their sacrificial animals, and the Prophet (MGB) had to return without having performed the circumambulations of the Ka’ba. Then the Honorable the Exalted God and the Prophet (MGB) cursed Abu Sufyan.The sixth occasion was on the day of the Battle of Confederates when Abu Sufyan leading the Quraysh, Amer ibn al-Tofeyl leading the Havazan and Ayineh ibn Hasin leading the invaded Medina with the Ghatafans assisted by the Jewish Qurayzah and Nadir tribes, and attacked Medina. The Prophet (MGB) cursed their leaders and their followers and said, ‘If there are any believers amongst those who follow them, they shall not be cursed. However, there are no believers or noble ones amongst the leaders of this group and there are none to be saved.’The seventh occasion was on the day on which they plotted and attacked the Prophet (MGB) in a group of twelve people from the Umayyads headed by Abu Sufyan and five other ones. Thus, the Prophet (MGB) cursed them. Moreover, the camel, its leader, and its rider also cursed them.’The complier of this book said, “This narration has been cited as above. However, there were fourteen people who attacked the Prophet (MGB).”