41. The seven major sins

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7-57 حدثنا أحمد بن الحسن القطان قال: حدثنا أحمد بن يحيى بن زكريا القطان قال: حدثنا بكر بن عبد الله بن حبيب قال: حدثني محمد بن عبد الله قال: حدثني علي بن حسان، عن عبدالرحمن بن كثير، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: إن الكبائر سبع فينانزلت ومنا استحلت، فأولها الشرك بالله العظيم، وقتل النفس التي حرم الله وأكل مال اليتيم، وعقوق الوالدين، وقذف المحصنات، والفرار من الزحفوأنكار حقنا، وأما الشرك بالله فقد أنزل الله فيناما أنزل وقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فيناما قال، فكذبوا الله وكذا بوا رسوله فأشركوا بالله عز وجل، وأمنا قتل النفس التي حرم الله فقد قتلوا الحسين بن على عليهما السلام وأصحابه، وأما أكل مال اليتيم فقد ذهبوا بفيئنا الذي جعله الله لنا فأعطوه غيرنا، وأما عقوق الوالدين فقد أنزل الله عز وجل في كتابه "النَّبِيُّ أَوْلَى بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِمْ وَأَزْوَاجُهُ أُمَّهَاتُهُمْ." فعقوا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله في ذريته وعقوا امهم خديجة في ذريتها. وأما قذف المحصنة فقد قذفوا فاطمه عليها السلام على منابرهم وأما الفرار من الزحف فقد اعطوا أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام بيعتهم طائعين غير مكرهين ففروا عنه وخذلوه، وأما إنكار حقنا فهذا مما لا يتنازعون فيه


7-57 Ahmad ibn al-Hassan al-Qat’tan narrated that Ahmad ibn Yahya ibn Zakaria al-Qat’tan quoted Bakr ibn Abdullah ibn Habib, on the authority of Muhammad ibn Abdullah, on the authority of Ali ibn Hisan, on the authority of Abdullah ibn Kasir that Aba Abdullah as-Sadiq (MGB) said, “There are seven major sins which have been revealed regarding us (the twelve Imams) and are associated with not honoring us. The first one of them is associating partners with God; killing which God has forbidden; devouring an orphan’s properties; damnation of parents; accusing pious womenof fornication; escaping from a holy war; and denying our rightfulness. Regarding associating partners with God there are several verses revealed by the Honorable the Exalted God regarding us, and the Prophet (MGB) has also made clear announcements in this regard. They have denied God and His Prophet and have thus associated partners with the Honorable the Exalted God. They prescribed ‘killing’ which God has forbidden and killed Al-Hussein ibn Ali (MGB) and his companions. Regarding ‘devouring the properties of an orphan’, they took the one-fifth share that was ours and gave it to others. Regarding ‘damnation of parents’ we know that the Honorable the Exalted God revealed the following in His Book, ‘The Prophet is closer to the Believers than their own selves, and his wives are their mothers…’ And God’s Prophet (MGB) damned them regarding his progeny, and their mother being Khadijah damned them regarding her progeny. Regarding ‘accusing pious women of fornication’, they surely accused Fatimah (MGB) of such acts from their pulpits. Regarding ‘escaping from a holy war’, they first pledged allegiance to the Commander of the Faithful Ali (MGB) with their own free will and without being pressured, but then they fled from him and abandoned him. And regarding ‘denying our rightfulness’ which is an undisputable certainty.”




7-58 حدثنا أبونصر محمد بن الحسين بن الحسن الديلمي الجوهري قال: حدثنا محمد بن يعقوب الاصم قال: حدثنا الربيع بن سليمان قال: حدثنا عبد الله بن وهب قال: أخبرنا سليمان بن بلال، عن ثور بن يزيد، عن أبي الغيث، عن أبي هريرة أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله قال: اجتنبوا السبع الموبقات قيل: يارسول الله وماهن؟ قال: الشرك بالله، والسحر، وقتل النفس التي حرم الله إلا بالحق، وأكل الربا، وأكل مال اليتيم، والتولي يوم الزحف، وقذف المحصنات الغافلات المؤمنات


7-58 Abu Nasr Muhammad ibn al-Hussein ibn al-Hassan al-Daylami al-Juwhary narrated that Muhammad ibn Yaqoob Al-Asim quoted Al-Rabi’a ibn Suleiman, on the authority of Abdullah ibn Wahab, on the authority of Suleiman ibn Bilal, on the authority of Soor ibn Yazid, on the authority of Abil Qays, on the authority of Abi Hurayrih, “God’s Prophet (MGB) said, ‘Avoid seven destructive things.’ I asked him, ‘O Prophet of God! What are they?’ The Prophet (MGB) replied, ‘Associating partners with God; practicing witchcraft; killing which God has forbidden except in certain rightful ways; usury; devouring an orphan’s properties; fleeing from a holy war; and accusing pious women of fornication.’”