45. On what requires the one-fifth levy (Khums)

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5-52 حدثنا أبي رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد بن يحيى العطار قال: حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن الحسن بن محبوب، عن عمار بن مروان قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام يقول: فيما يخرج من المعادن، والبحر، والغنيمة، والحلال المختلط بالحرام إذا لم يعرف صاحبه، والكنوز، الخمس


5-52 (The compiler of the book narrated) that his father - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Muhammad ibn Yahya al-Attar quoted Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Isa, on the authority of Al-Hassan ibn Mahboob, on the authority of Am’mar ibn Marvan, “I heard Aba Abdullah as-Sadiq (MGB) say, ‘There is one-fifth levy on what is extracted from mines and the sea; on booties; on what is illegally obtained and is mixed with what is legally earned and no one knows its owner; and on treasures.”




5-53 حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد ابن الحسن الصفار، عن العباس بن معروف، عن الحسين بن يزيد النوفلي، عن اليعقوبي، عن عيسى بن عبد الله العلوي، عن أبيه، عن جده، عن جعفر بن محمد ابن علي عليهم السلام قال: إن الله الذي لا إله إلا هو لما حرم علينا الصدقة أنزل لنا الخمس، فالصدقة علينا حرام، والخمس لنا فريضة، والكرامة لنا حلال


5-53 Muhammad ibn al-Hassan ibn Ahmad ibn al-Walid - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Muhammad ibn al-Hassan al-Saffar quoted Al-Abbas ibn Ma’ruf, on the authority of Al-Hussein ibn Yazid al-Nawfaly, on the authority of Al-Yaqoobi, on the authority of Isa ibn Abdullah al-Alavi, on the authority of his father, on the authority of his grandfather, on the authority of Ja’far ibn Muhammad ibn Ali As-Sadiq (MGB), “I swear by God - the One that has no substitute to be worshipped - who made charity illegal for us that He has established the one-fifth levy for us. Therefore, giving charity to us is forbidden, giving the alms to us is obligatory, and giving gifts to us is allowed.”




5-54 حدثنا أحمد بن زياد بن جعفر الهمداني رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا علي ابن إبراهيم بن هاشم، عن أبيه، عن محمد بن أبي عمير، عن غير واحد، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: الخمس على خمسة أشياء: على الكنوز، والمعادن، والغوص، والغنيمة، ونسي ابن أبي عمير الخامسقال مصنف هذا الكتاب رضي الله عنه: أظن الخامس الذي نسيه ابن أبي عمير مالا يرثه الرجل وهو يعلم أن فيه من الحلال والحرام،، ولا يعرف أصحاب الحرام فيؤديه إليهم، ولا يعرف الحرام بعينه فيجتنبه، فيخرج منه الخمس


5-54 Ahmad ibn Zyad ibn Ja’far al-Hamedany - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Ali ibn Ibrahim ibn Hashim quoted his father, on the authority of Muhammad ibn Abi Umayr, on the authority of several others that Aba Abdullah as-Sadiq (MGB) said, “There is one-fifth levy on five things: treasures, mines, what is extracted from the sea; and booties.” Ibn Abi Umayr forgot the fifth.The compiler of the book - may God be pleased with him - said, “I think that the fifth item which Ibn Abi Umayr had forgotten is what a man inherits, but knows that it consists of both legally earned and illegally earned wealth and he doesn’t know the owner of what is illegally earned. Also the illegal property is not exactly known. That is why he pays the one-fifth levy on it.”