88. The four Prophets who were kings on the Earth

Back to book

4-110 حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار، عن أحمد بن أبي عبد الله، عن الحسن بن محبوب، عن هشام ابن سالم، عمن ذكره، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: إن الله تبارك وتعالى لم يبعث الانبياء ملوكا في الارض إلا أربعة بعد نوح: ذو القرنين واسمه عياش، وداود، وسليمان، ويوسف عليهم السلام فأما عياش فملك ما بين المشرق والمغرب، وأما داود فملك ما بين الشامات إلى بلاد اصطخر، وكذلك كان ملك سليمان، وأما يوسف فملك مصر وبراريها [و] لم يجاوزها إلى غيرهاقال مصنف هذا الكتاب رضي الله عنه: جاء هذا الخبر هكذا، والصحيح الذي أعتقده في ذي القرنين أنه لم يكن نبيا وإنما كان عبدا صالحا أحب الله فأحبه الله ونصح لله فنصحه الله، قال أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام: وفيكم مثله، وذو القرنين ملك مبعوث وليس برسول ولا نبي كما كان طالوت [ملكا] قال الله عز وجل: "وقال لهم نبيهم إن الله قد بعث لكم طالوت ملكا..." وقـد يجوز أن يذكر في جملةالانبياء من ليس بنبي كما يجوز أن يذكر في جملة الملائكة من ليس بملك قال الله عز وجل ثناؤه "وإذ قلنا للملائكة اسجدوا لآدم فسجدوا إلا إبليس كان من الجن "


4-110 Muhammad ibn al-Hassan ibn Ahmad ibn al-Walid - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Muhammad ibn al-Hassan al-Saffar quoted Ahmad ibn Aba Abdullah, on the authority of Al-Hassan ibn Mahboob, on the authority of Hisham ibn Salim who quoted someone on the authority of Abi Ja’far al-Baqir (MGB) as having said, “Indeed the Blessed the Sublime God did not appoint any of the Prophets after Noah as kings on the Earth except for four: Zul-Qarnayn (the one with two horns) whose name was Ayash; David (MGB); Solomon (MGB); and Joseph (MGB). And Ayash ruled over the areas between the East and the West. David (MGB) ruled over the area between the Shamat and Astakhr. This was the same as Solomon’s (MGB) territory. Joseph (MGB) ruled over Egypt and the surrounding deserts. His reign did not extend elsewhere.”The compiler of the book - may God be pleased with him said, “This is the way this tradition has been narrated, but I do not think that Zul-Qarnayn was a Prophet. Rather, I believe that Zul-Qarnayn was a good servant of God who liked God. God also liked him. He worked for the sake of God. So God also helped him. The Commander of the Faithful (MGB) has said, ‘Also you have a Zul-Qarnayn amongst you (meaning himself). Zul-Qarnayn was given the rule by God as He made Saul (i.e. Talut) the King as the Honorable the Exalted God says, ‘Their Prophet said to them: "(Allah)hath appointed Talut as king over you..."’ Talut was a king and it is allowed to bring his name among the Prophets since he was like them, although he was not a Prophet. As it is allowed for Satan which is not an angel to be named amongst the angels as the Honorable the Exalted God says, ‘Behold! We said to the angels, "Bow down to Adam": They bowed down except Iblis . He was one of the Jinns…”’ ”




4-111 حدثنا محمد بن علي ماجيلويه رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد بن يحيى العطار، عن محمد بن أحمد، عن موسى بن جعفر بن وهب البغدادي، عن عبيد الله بن عبد الله، عن موسى بن إبراهيم المروزي، عن أبي الحسن موسى بن جعفر عليه السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: في الشمس أربع خصال: تغير اللون، وتنتن الريح، وتخلق الثياب وتورث الداء


4-111 Muhammad ibn Ali Majiluyih - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Muhammad ibn Yahya al-Attar quoted Muhammad ibn Ahmad, on the authority of Musa ibn Ja’far ibn Wahab al-Baghdady, on the authority of Ubaydullah ibn Abdullah, on the authority of Musa ibn Ibrahim al-Marvazy, on the authority of Abil Hassan Musa ibn Ja’far (MGB) that God’s Prophet (MGB) said, “There are four attributes in sunshine. It changes color; creates a bad smell; wears out the clothes; and causes pain.”