206. Three Traditions Established Ascribed to Barira - the Freed Maid of Ayesha

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3-262 حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار، عن أحمد وعبد الله ابني محمـد بن عيسـى، عن محمـد بن أبـيعمير، عن حماد بن عثمان الناب، عن عبيد الله بن علي الحلبي، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام أنه ذكر أن بريرة كانت عند زوج لها وهي مملوكة فاشترتها عائشة فأعتقتها فخيرها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: إن شاءت أن تقر عند زوجها وإن شاءت فارقته، وكان مواليها الذين باعوها قد اشترطوا على عائشة أن لهم ولاءها فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: "الولاء لمن أعتق". وصدق على بريرة بلحم فأهدته إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فعلقته عائشة، وقالت: إن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله لا يأكل الصدقة، فجاء رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله واللحم معلق فقال: ما شأن هذا اللحم لم يطبخ؟ قالت: يا رسول الله صدق به على بريرة فأهدته لنا، وأنت لا تأكل الصدقة. فقال: "هو لها صدقة ولنا هدية"، ثم أمر بطبخه فجرت فيها ثلاث من السنن


3-262 Muhammad ibn al-Hassan ibn Ahmad ibn al-Walid - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Muhammad ibn al-Hassan al-Saffar quoted Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Isa and Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn Isa,on the authority of Muhammad ibn Abi Umayr, on the authority of Hammad ibn Uthman al-Nab, on the authority of Ubaydullah ibn Ali Al-Halabi that Aba Abdullah as-Sadiq (MGB) said, “Barira was a married slave. Ayesha bought her and set her free. Then the Prophet (MGB) gave her the choice to stay with her husband or not as she willed. Those who had sold Barira to Ayesha had set a condition that if she ever decided to set her free, they would have the right to set her free or not. However, the Prophet of God (MGB) said, ‘It is the right of the one who has bought the slave to set it free or not. This right cannot be reverted to the previous owners of the slave.’ So Ayesha set her free. On one occasion when Barira was given some meat in charity, she brought it for the Prophet (MGB). Ayesha hung the meat on a nail and said, ‘The Prophet (MGB) would not eat anything given in charity.’ When the Prophet (MGB) came home and saw that meat, he (MGB) asked, ‘Why did you not cook it?’ Ayesha said, ‘That was given to Barira in charity and she brought it for us. You do not eat anything given away in charity.’ The Prophet (MGB) said, ‘That is considered charity for her and a gift for us.’ Then they cooked that meat. Thus, these three traditions were established.