180. What Abu Bakr is Sorry About

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3-228 حدثنا المظفر بن جعفر بن المظفر العلوي السمرقندي قال: حدثنا جعفر بن محمد بن مسعود العياشي، عن أبيه قال: حدثنا محمد بن حاتم قال: حدثنا عبد الله بن حماد، وسليمان بن معبد قالا: حدثنا عبد الله بن صالح قال: حدثني الليث بن سعد، عن علوان بن داود بن صالح، عن صالح بن كيسان، عن عبدالرحمن ابن حميد بن عبدالرحمن بن عوف، عن أبيه قال: قال أبوبكر في مرضه الذي قبض فيه:أما إني لا آسى من الدنيا إلا على ثلاث فعلتها ووددت أني تركتها، وثلاث تركتها ووددت أني فعلتها، وثلاث وددت أني كنت سألت عنهن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله أما التي وددت أني تركتها فوددت أني لم أكن كشفت بيت فاطمة وإن كان أعلن علي الحرب.ووددت أني لم أكن أحرقت الفجاءة وأني قتلته سريحا أو أطلقته نجيحا، ووددت أني يوم سقيفة بني ساعدة كنت قذفت الامر في عنق أحد الرجلين: عمر، أو أبي عبيدة، فكان أميرا وكنت وزيرا.وأما التي تركتها [فوددت أني فعلتها] فوددت أني يوم أتيت بالاشعث أسيرا كنت ضربت عنقه فانه يخيل لي أنه لم ير صاحب شر إلا أعانه،ووددت أني حين سيرت خالدا إلى أهل الردة كنت قدمت إلى قرية فان ظفر المسلمون ظفروا وإن هزموا كيدا كنت بصدد لقاء أو مدد، ووددت أني كنت إذ وجهت خالدا إلى الشام قذفت المشرق لعمر بن الخطاب فكنت بسطت يدي يميني وشمالي في سبيل الله، وأما التي وددت أني كنت سألت عنهن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فوددت أني كنت سألته فيمن هذا الامر فلم ننازعه أهله، ووددت أني كنت سألته هل للانصار في هذا الامر نصيب، ووددت أني كنت سألته عن ميراث الاخ والعم، فان في نفسي منها حاجةقال مصنف هذا الكتاب رضي الله عنه: إن يوم غدير خم لم يدع لاحد عذرا هكذا قالت سيدة النسوان فاطمة عليها السلام لما منعت فدك وخاطبت الانصار، فقالوا: يا بنت محمد لو سمعنا هذا الكلام منك قبل بيعتنا لابي بكر ما عدلنا بعلي أحدا،فقالت: وهل ترك أبي يوم غدير خم لاحد عذرا


3-228 Al-Muzaf’far ibn Ja’far ibn al-Muzaf’far al-Alavi al-Samarqandi - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Ja’far ibn Muhammad ibn Mas’ood al-Ayashi quoted his father, on the authority of Muhammad ibn Hatam, on the authority of Abdullah ibn Hamid and Suleiman ibn Ma’abad, on the authority of Abdullah ibn Salih, on the authority of Al-Lays ibn Sa’ed, on the authority of Alvan ibn Davood ibn Salih, on the authority of Salih ibn Kaysan, on the authority of Abdul Rahman ibn Hamid ibn Abdul Rahman ibn Oaf, on the authority of his father that when Abu Bakr had a fatal illness, he said, “I am not sorry about anything in this world except for three actions I did which I wish I had never done; for three things I did not do that I wish I had done; and three things which I wish I had asked God’s Prophet (MGB). And the three things I did which I wish I had never done;1- I wish I had not opened the door of Fatimah’s house even if it was shut in preparation for war.2- I wish I had not burnt Al-Fuja but killed him or freed him upon victory over him.3- I wish on the day of the council (Saqifa) of Bani Sa’eda I had given the rule to either Umar or Abi Ubayda and let either one rule and I be their minister. And the three things I did not do but I wish I had done;1- I wish I had chopped off the neck of Ash’ath ibn Qays on the day on which he was captured and brought to me. I think one doesn’t experience any evil unless he assists an evil one.2- I wish I had gone to a town near the war front when I sent Khalid to fight with those who had turned back from the religion, so that I could have seen the Muslims’ victory with my very own eyes and could have joined or been of some assistance to the Muslims if there had been any plots against them.3- I wish when I dispatched Khalid to Syria I had dispatched Umar ibn al-Khat’tab to the east (to Iraq and Iran) and had used both my armies in the way of God. And the three things which I wish I had asked God’s Prophet (MGB) are as follows:1- I wish I had asked him (MGB) about his successor so that there would be no quarrels about it after his demise.2- I wish I had asked him (MGB) whether the Helpers (Ansar) had any share in this rule. And3- I wish I had asked him (MGB) about the inheritance for one’s brother and uncle since I feel I need to know this.”The compiler of the book - may God be pleased with him - said, “’On the day of Qadir Khum, no excuse was left for anyone.’ This is what Fatimah, the Master of the Ladies (MGB), told the Helpers (Ansar) when the tract of land called Fadak was taken away from her. The Helpers (Ansar) replied, ‘O daughter of Muhammad! Had we heard this from you before our pledge of allegiance to Abu Bakr, we would have not pledged allegiance to anyone but Ali (MGB). She (MGB) said, ‘My father (MGB) left no excuse for anyone on the day of Qadir Khum.’”