57. There Are Two Types of Chivalry

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2-71 حدثنا أبي رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا علي بن إبراهيم بن هاشم، عن أبيه، عن حماد بن عيسى، عمن ذكره، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: قال أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام في وصيته لابنه محمد بن الحنفية: واعلم أن مروءة المرء المسلم مروءتان: مروءة في حضر ومروءة في سفر، فأما مروءة الحضر فقراءة القرآن، ومجالسة العلماء، والنظر في الفقه والمحافظة على الصلاة في الجماعات، وأما مروءة السفر فبذل الزاد، وقلة الخلاف على من صحبك، وكثرة ذكر الله عز وجل في كل مصعد ومهبط ونزول وقيام وقعود


2-71 (The compiler of the book narrated) that his father - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Ali ibn Ibrahim ibn Hashim quoted his father, on the authority of Hammad ibn Isa, who linked it up through other narrators to Aba Abdullah as-Sadiq (MGB), on the authority of the Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali (MGB) in his will to his son Muhammad ibn al-Hanafyeh, “Know that there are two types of chivalry for a Muslim man. One type of generosity is for the home, and the other type is for when you travel. The chivalry for the home is to recite the Quran, associate with the scholars; ponder over religious decrees; and safeguard congregational prayers. The chivalry for when you travel is to give of what you have taken along with you to your travel companions; to minimize disputes with your travel companions; and remember the Honorable the Exalted God when you ascend, descend or sit down.”




2-72 حدثنا أبي رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا علي بن إبراهيم بن هاشم، عن أبيه، عن النوفلي، عن السكوني، عن جعفر بن محمد، عن أبيه، عن آبائه، عن علي عليهم السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: البول قائما من غير علة من الجفاء، والاستنجاء باليمين من الجفاء


2-72 (The compiler of the book narrated) that his father - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Ali ibn Ibrahim ibn Hashim quoted his father, on the authority of Al-Nawfaly, on the authority of Al-Sakoony, on the authority of Ja’far ibn Muhammad (MGB), on the authority of his father (MGB) , on the authority of his forefathers (MGB), on the authority of Ali (MGB) that God’s Prophet (MGB) said, “Urinating while standing up without a proper excuse and cleansing oneself with the right hand after defecation are both acts that are harmful to oneself.”