1. One Should Make Ghusl for Seventeen Occasions

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17-1 حدثنا أبي رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا علي بن إبراهيم بن هاشم، عن أبيه عن حماد بن عيسى، عن حريز بن عبد الله قال: قال محمد بن مسلم، عن أبي جعفـر عليه السلام: الغسل في سبعة عشر موطنا: ليلة سبع عشرة من شهر رمضان وهي ليلة التقاء الجمعين ليلة بدر وليلة تسع عشر، وفيها يكتب الوفد وفد السنة، وليلة إحدى وعشرين وهي الليلة التى مات فيها أوصياء النبيين عليهم السلام، وفيها رفع عيسى بن مريم، وقبض موسى عليهما السلام، وليلة ثلاث وعشرين يرجى فيها ليلة القدر وقال عبدالرحمن بن أبي عبد الله البصري: قال لي أبوعبد الله عليه السلام: اغتسل في ليلة أربعة وعشرين ما عليك أن تعمل في الليلتين جميعا رجع الحديث إلى محمد بن مسلم في الغسل ويوم العيدين، وإذا دخلت الحرمين، ويوم تحرم، ويوم الزيارة، ويوم تدخل البيت، ويوم التروية، ويوم عرفة، وغسل الميت، وإذا غسلت ميتا وكفنته أو مسسته بعد ما يبرد، ويوم الجمعة، وغسل الكسوف إذا احترق القرص كله فاستيقظت ولم تصل فاغتسل واقض الصلاة


17-1 (The compiler of the book narrated) that his father - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Ali ibn Ibrahim ibn Hashim quoted his father, on the authority of Hammad ibn Isa, on the authority of Hurayz ibn Abdullah, on the authority of Muhammad ibn Muslim, on the authority of Abi Ja’far al-Baqir (MGB), “One should make major ritual ablutions (ghusl) for seventeen occasions: 1. On the night of the 17th of Ramazan which is the night on which the army of Islam encountered the army of Quraysh in the Battle of Badr. 2. On the night of the 19th of Ramazan on which one’s destiny is recorded. 3. On the night of the 21st of Ramazan on which the Trustees of the Prophets have died, Jesus - the son of Mary (MGB) was raised up to Heaven and Moses (MGB) died. 4. The night of the 23rd of Ramazan which is hoped to be the Night of Power. In another tradition narrated by Abdurrahman Ibn Aba Abdullah Basry we read that he had heard Abu Abdullah as-Sadiq (MGB) say, “You should also make major ritual ablutions (ghusl) on the night of the 24th of Ramazan. It is best to perform the major ritual ablutions (ghusl) on both nights.” Now returning to the tradition above narrated by Muhammad ibn Muslim, on the authority of Abi Ja’far al-Baqir (MGB):6- On the day of Eid ul-Azha.7- On the day of Eid ul-Fitr. 8 and 9 - Upon entering the shrines in Mecca and Medina. 10- On the day of wearing the Ihram (Taharrum). 11- On the pilgrimage day. 12- On the day of entering the House of God. 13- On the day of Al-Tarviat. 14- On the day of Arafat. 15- Upon performing the major ritual ablutions (ghusl) for the deceased. Once you perform the major ritual ablutions (ghusl) for the deceased and shroud the corpse, or when you touch the corpse after if gets cold. 16- On Fridays. 17- If on total eclipse of the sun you wake up and you had not said the prayers for the eclipse of the sun, then you should make major ritual ablutions (ghusl) and say the prayers.