29. The deeds of the people are presented before the Holy Prophet (s.a.) and the Imams (a.s.)

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ تُعْرَضُ الاعْمَالُ عَلَى رَسُولِ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَعْمَالُ الْعِبَادِ كُلَّ صَبَاحٍ أَبْرَارُهَا وَفُجَّارُهَا فَاحْذَرُوهَا وَهُوَ قَوْلُ الله تَعَالَى اعْمَلُوا فَسَيَرَى الله عَمَلَكُمْ وَرَسُولُهُ وَسَكَتَ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn abu Hamza from abu Basir from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following. “All deeds are presented before the Messenger of Allah (s.a.). It is the deeds of the all the virtuous and the evil doing servants (of Allah) that are presented every morning and evenings (before the Messenger of Allah). So pay proper attention to it and be very careful. The following verse of the Holy Quran is a reference to this. “(Muhammad), tell them, “Act as you wish. God will see your deeds and so will do His Messenger. . .” (9:106) The Imams (a.s.) paused at this point and did not read any further.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/4)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ الطَّائِيِّ عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ اعْمَلُوا فَسَيَرَى الله عَمَلَكُمْ وَرَسُولُهُ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ قَالَ هُمُ الائِمَّةُ.


2. A number of our people has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from Yahya al-Halabi from ‘Abd al-Hamid al-Ta’i from Ya‘qub ibn Shu‘ayb. He has said that he asked abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) about the meaning of the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High. “Act as you wish. God will see your deeds and so will do His Messenger and the believers. . .” (9:106) The Imams (a.s.) said, “They (believers) are the Imams (a.s.)”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/ 3)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ مَا لَكُمْ تَسُوءُونَ رَسُولَ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ كَيْفَ نَسُوؤُهُ فَقَالَ أَ مَا تَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ أَعْمَالَكُمْ تُعْرَضُ عَلَيْهِ فَإِذَا رَأَى فِيهَا مَعْصِيَةً سَاءَهُ ذَلِكَ فَلا تَسُوءُوا رَسُولَ الله وَسُرُّوهُ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Uthman ibn ’Isa from Suma‘ who has said that he heard abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) say the following. “What is wrong with you? Why do you disappoint the Messenger of Allah?” A man asked, “How do we disappoint him?” The Imams (a.s.) said, “Do you not know that your deeds are presented before him? When he find sins in them it disappoints him. Do not disappoint the Messenger of Allah. Do things that will make him happy.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/ 3)



4ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الزَّيَّاتِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ أَبَانٍ الزَّيَّاتِ وَكَانَ مَكِيناً عِنْدَ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قُلْتُ لِلرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) ادْعُ الله لِي وَلاهْلِ بَيْتِي فَقَالَ أَ وَلَسْتُ أَفْعَلُ وَالله إِنَّ أَعْمَالَكُمْ لَتُعْرَضُ عَلَيَّ فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ وَلَيْلَةٍ قَالَ فَاسْتَعْظَمْتُ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ لِي أَ مَا تَقْرَأُ كِتَابَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَقُلِ اعْمَلُوا فَسَيَرَى الله عَمَلَكُمْ وَرَسُولُهُ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ قَالَ هُوَ وَالله عَلِيُّ بْنُ أَبِي طَالِبٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام )


4. Ali from has narrated from his father from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad from al-Zayyat from ‘Abdallah ibn Aban al-Zayyat who was well placed in the eyes of al-Rida (a.s.). He has said that he asked al-Rida (a.s.) to pray for him and for his family. Am I not praying for them? I swear by Allah that your deeds are presented before me every day and night.” He has said that it seemed extremely great to me. The Imams (a.s.) said to me, “Do you not read in the Holy Quran, ‘Act as you wish. God will see your deeds and so will do His Messenger and the believers. . .’” (9:106) The Imams (a.s.) then said, “I swear by Allah that he (the believer) is Ali ibn abu Talib (a.s.).”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/ 3)



5ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مِهْرَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله الصَّامِتِ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ مُسَاوِرٍ عَنْ ابي جعفر (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَنَّهُ ذَكَرَ هَذِهِ الايَةَ فَسَيَرَى الله عَمَلَكُمْ وَرَسُولُهُ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ قَالَ هُوَ وَالله عَلِيُّ بْنُ أَبِي طَالِبٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام )


5. Ahmad ibn Mahran has narrated from Muhammad ibn Ali from abu ‘Abdallah al-Samit from Yahya ibn Musawwir who has said the following. He mentioned this verse to abu Ja‘far (a.s.), “Act as you wish. God will see your deeds and so will do His Messenger and the believers. . .” (9:106) The Imams (a.s.) then said, “I swear by Allah that he (the believer) is Ali ibn abu Talib (a.s.).”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/6)



6ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ إِنَّ الاعْمَالَ تُعْرَضُ عَلَى رَسُولِ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَبْرَارَهَا وَفُجَّارَهَا.


6. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Washsha’ who has said the following. “I heard Imam al-Rida saying, ‘All the deeds: good and bad ones are presented before the Messenger of Allah.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/ 3)