19. The matters that Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, and His Messenger (s.a.) have sanctioned as obligatory of the beings with the Imams (a.s.)

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1ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ عَائِذٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ بُرَيْدِ بْنِ مُعَاوِيَةَ الْعِجْلِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ اتَّقُوا الله وَكُونُوا مَعَ الصَّادِقِينَ قَالَ إِيَّانَا عَنَى.


1. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from MuAlia ibn Muhammad from al-Washfiha’ from Ahmad ibn ‘A’idh from ibn ’Udhayna from t Burayd ibn Mu‘awiya al-‘Ijli who has said that he asked Imam abu Ja’far (a.s.) about the meaning of the following verse of the Holy Quran. “Believers, be pious before God and always be friends with the truthful ones.” (9:119) The Imam (a.s.) replied, “ ‘The truthful ones’ is a reference to us.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (416/ 2)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا الله وَكُونُوا مَعَ الصَّادِقِينَ قَالَ الصَّادِقُونَ هُمُ الائِمَّةُ وَالصِّدِّيقُونَ بِطَاعَتِهِمْ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr who has said that he asked abu al-Hassan al-Rida (a.s.) about the meaning of the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, in the following verse. “Believers, be pious before God and always be friends with the truthful ones.” (9:119) The Imams (a.s.) said, “The truthful ones are the Imams (a.s.) who, are truthful in their obedience (to Allah).”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (421/ 2)



3ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ يُونُسَ عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ طَرِيفٍ عَنْ ابي جعفر (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مَنْ أَحَبَّ أَنْ يَحْيَا حَيَاةً تُشْبِهُ حَيَاةَ الانْبِيَاءِ وَيَمُوتَ مِيتَةً تُشْبِهُ مِيتَةَ الشُّهَدَاءِ وَيَسْكُنَ الْجِنَانَ الَّتِي غَرَسَهَا الرَّحْمَنُ فَلْيَتَوَلَّ عَلِيّاً وَلْيُوَالِ وَلِيَّهُ وَلْيَقْتَدِ بِالائِمَّةِ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ فَإِنَّهُمْ عِتْرَتِي خُلِقُوا مِنْ طِينَتِي اللهمَّ ارْزُقْهُمْ فَهْمِي وَعِلْمِي وَوَيْلٌ لِلْمُخَالِفِينَ لَهُمْ مِنْ أُمَّتِي اللهمَّ لا تُنِلْهُمْ شَفَاعَتِي.


3. Ahmad ibn Muhammad and Muhammad ibn Yahya have narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn ’Abd al-Hamid from Mansur ibn Yunus from Sa’d ibn Tarayf from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has narrated the following from the Holy Prophet (s.a.). “Whoever would like to live a life similar to those of the prophets, die in a similar manner as the martyrs do and live in the garden which is planted by the Beneficent, they must love Imam Ali (a.s.) (acknowledge his Divine authority) and love those who love and support him and follow the Imams after him who are of my family and are created of the substance that I was created. O Lord, give them my understand and knowledge. Send those of my people to Wayl (a place in Hell) who oppose them and do not give them the chance to benefit from my intervention on their behalf.


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مختلف فيه كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (421/ 2)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ الثُّمَالِيِّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِنَّ الله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى يَقُولُ اسْتِكْمَالُ حُجَّتِي عَلَى الاشْقِيَاءِ مِنْ أُمَّتِكَ مَنْ تَرَكَ وَلايَةَ عَلِيٍّ وَوَالَى أَعْدَاءَهُ وَأَنْكَرَ فَضْلَهُ وَفَضْلَ الاوْصِيَاءِ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ فَإِنَّ فَضْلَكَ فَضْلُهُمْ وَطَاعَتَكَ طَاعَتُهُمْ وَحَقَّكَ حَقُّهُمْ وَمَعْصِيَتَكَ مَعْصِيَتُهُمْ وَهُمُ الائِمَّةُ الْهُدَاةُ مِنْ بَعْدِكَ جَرَى فِيهِمْ رُوحُكَ وَرُوحُكَ مَا جَرَى فِيكَ مِنْ رَبِّكَ وَهُمْ عِتْرَتُكَ مِنْ طِينَتِكَ وَلَحْمِكَ وَدَمِكَ وَقَدْ أَجْرَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فِيهِمْ سُنَّتَكَ وَسُنَّةَ الانْبِيَاءِ قَبْلَكَ وَهُمْ خُزَّانِي عَلَى عِلْمِي مِنْ بَعْدِكَ حَقٌّ عَلَيَّ لَقَدِ اصْطَفَيْتُهُمْ وَانْتَجَبْتُهُمْ وَأَخْلَصْتُهُمْ وَارْتَضَيْتُهُمْ وَنَجَا مَنْ أَحَبَّهُمْ وَوَالاهُمْ وَسَلَّمَ لِفَضْلِهِمْ وَلَقَدْ أَتَانِي جَبْرَئِيلُ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) بِأَسْمَائِهِمْ وَأَسْمَاءِ آبَائِهِمْ وَأَحِبَّائِهِمْ وَالْمُسَلِّمِينَ لِفَضْلِهِمْ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from al-Nadr ibn Shu’ayb from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from abu Hamzah al-Thamali who has said that he heard abu Ja’far (a.s.) say, “The Messenger of Allah (s.a.) said: “ Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, says, “It is to establish my authority over the wicked ones of your people that those who would refuse to acknowledge the Divine authority of Imam Ali (a.s.) and become friend and supporters of the enemies of Ali (a.s.), refuse to acknowledge his virtuous qualities and the such qualities of his successors after him (Imam Ali (a.s). Indeed your excellence and virtues are their excellence and virtues, obedience to you is like obedience to them, your right is like their right and disobedience to you is disobedience to them. They will be the Imams who possess the right guidance after you. Your spirit flows in them and so does the spirit of that which your Lord has made to flow in you. They are members of your family of the substance of which you are made. They are your flesh and blood. Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, has made your traditions and the traditions of the prophets before to continue with them (the Imams). They (Imams) are the treasurers of My knowledge after you. It is a right that owe them. I have chosen and give to them nobility exclusively with satisfaction. Salvation will be for those who would love them acknowledge their Divine authority and accept their excellence and virtues. The angel, Jibril has brought for their (Imam’s) names and the names of their fathers, the names of those who would love them and those who would accept their virtues and excellence.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/422)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ أَبِي الْمَغْرَاءِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ تَغْلِبَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مَنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يَحْيَا حَيَاتِي وَيَمُوتَ مِيتَتِي وَيَدْخُلَ جَنَّةَ عَدْنٍ الَّتِي غَرَسَهَا الله رَبِّي بِيَدِهِ فَلْيَتَوَلَّ عَلِيَّ بْنَ أَبِي طَالِبٍ وَلْيَتَوَلَّ وَلِيَّهُ وَلْيُعَادِ عَدُوَّهُ وَلْيُسَلِّمْ لِلاوْصِيَاءِ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ فَإِنَّهُمْ عِتْرَتِي مِنْ لَحْمِي وَدَمِي أَعْطَاهُمُ الله فَهْمِي وَعِلْمِي إِلَى الله أَشْكُو أَمْرَ أُمَّتِي الْمُنْكِرِينَ لِفَضْلِهِمْ الْقَاطِعِينَ فِيهِمْ صِلَتِي وَايْمُ الله لَيَقْتُلُنَّ ابْنِي لا أَنَالَهُمُ الله شَفَاعَتِي.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ’Isa from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Fudala ibn Ayyub from abu a1-Maghra from Muhammad ibn Salim from Aban ibn Taghlib from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following. “The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘Whoever would want to live like my living, die like I will die and enter the garden of Eden that my Lord has planted with His own hands, he must love (acknowledge the Divine authority of) Ali (a.s.) ibn abu Talib. He must love (acknowledge the Divine authority of his successor) those who love him, be the enemy of his enemies and submit in obedience to his successors after him because they are of my family and my flesh and blood. Allah has given them my understanding and knowledge. I appeal to Allah and complain to Him about the case of my people’s dealings, their denying the virtue and excellence of the Imams from my family. I complain to Allah for their disregard of my relation with them. By Allah, they will murder my son (al-Husayn (a.s.). May Allah deprive them of my intercession.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (423/ 2)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ سَعْدَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْقَهَّارِ عَنْ جَابِرٍ الْجُعْفِيِّ عَنْ ابي جعفر (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مَنْ سَرَّهُ أَنْ يَحْيَا حَيَاتِي وَيَمُوتَ مِيتَتِي وَيَدْخُلَ الْجَنَّةَ الَّتِي وَعَدَنِيهَا رَبِّي وَيَتَمَسَّكَ بِقَضِيبٍ غَرَسَهُ رَبِّي بِيَدِهِ فَلْيَتَوَلَّ عَلِيَّ بْنَ أَبِي طَالِبٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) وَأَوْصِيَاءَهُ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ فَإِنَّهُمْ لا يُدْخِلُونَكُمْ فِي بَابِ ضَلالٍ وَلا يُخْرِجُونَكُمْ مِنْ بَابِ هُدًى فَلا تُعَلِّمُوهُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ أَعْلَمُ مِنْكُمْ وَإِنِّي سَأَلْتُ رَبِّي أَلا يُفَرِّقَ بَيْنَهُمْ وَبَيْنَ الْكِتَابِ حَتَّى يَرِدَا عَلَيَّ الْحَوْضَ هَكَذَا وَضَمَّ بَيْنَ إِصْبَعَيْهِ وَعَرْضُهُ مَا بَيْنَ صَنْعَاءَ إِلَى أَيْلَةَ فِيهِ قُدْحَانُ فِضَّةٍ وَذَهَبٍ عَدَدَ النُّجُومِ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Musa ibn Sa‘dan from ‘Abdallah ibn al-Qasim from ’Abd al-Qahhar from Jabir al-Ju‘fi from abu Ja’far ( a.s.) who has said that the Messenger of Allah has said the following. “Whoever would like to live as I have lived and die as will do and enter the garden that my Lord has promised to me and hold in hands the stick that Allah has planted with His own hands he then must love and acknowledge (Leadership with Divine Authority of) Ali (a.s.) and his successors after him because they do not lead you into the gates of misguidance or take you out the gate of true guidance. Thus, do not try to teach them because they know more then you do. I have asked my Lord not to cause any separation between them and the Holy Quran until the time they will arrive in my presence near the al-Kawthar in paradise like this (showing his two fingers stretched side by side). The pond of al-Kawthar which is as big as from San‘a’ to ’Ayla (a place between Makka and Madina) with cups of gold and silver around it as many as the stars.


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/424)



7ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ جُمْهُورٍ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْفُضَيْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) وَإِنَّ الرَّوْحَ وَالرَّاحَةَ وَالْفَلْجَ وَالْعَوْنَ وَالنَّجَاحَ وَالْبَرَكَةَ وَالْكَرَامَةَ وَالْمَغْفِرَةَ وَالْمُعَافَاةَ وَالْيُسْرَ وَالْبُشْرَى وَالرِّضْوَانَ وَالْقُرْبَ وَالنَّصْرَ وَالتَّمَكُّنَ وَالرَّجَاءَ وَالْمَحَبَّةَ مِنَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لِمَنْ تَوَلَّى عَلِيّاً وَائْتَمَّ بِهِ وَبَرِئَ مِنْ عَدُوِّهِ وَسَلَّمَ لِفَضْلِهِ وَلِلاوْصِيَاءِ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ حَقّاً عَلَيَّ أَنْ أُدْخِلَهُمْ فِي شَفَاعَتِي وَحَقٌّ عَلَى رَبِّي تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى أَنْ يَسْتَجِيبَ لِي فِيهِمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ أَتْبَاعِي وَمَنْ تَبِعَنِي فَإِنَّهُ مِنِّي.


7. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Jumhur from Fadala ibn Ayyub from al-Hassan ibn Ziyad from Fudayl ibn Yasar who has said that abu Ja’far (a.s.) has said the following. “Tranquillity, comfort, victory, support, success, blessings, honor, forgiveness, relief, ease, glad news, satisfaction, nearness, triumph, capabilities, hope and love from Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, are for those who love (acknowledge the Divine authority of) Ali (a.s.) and follow him, disavows the enemies of Ali (a.s.) and accept in submission the virtues of Ali and his successors after him. I am obligated to include them in my task of intervention on their behalf. It will be a truth before my Lord, the Most Holy, the Most High, to approve my intervention on their behalf. They are my followers and those who would follow me they will be of me.” 1. In M`r’atu ’I- ’ uqul (vol. 2, p.425) al- Aliamah al-Majlisi has pointed out that this phrase has been omitted, and that the reason for this becomes evident at the end of the hadith.


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (416/ 2)