109. Notable Points and Comprehensive Ahadith about Wilaya (Leadership with Divine Authority)

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَعْقُوبَ الْكُلَيْنِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ وَعَلِيِّ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ بُكَيْرِ بْنِ أَعْيَنَ قَالَ كَانَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ إِنَّ الله أَخَذَ مِيثَاقَ شِيعَتِنَا بِالْوَلايَةِ وَهُمْ ذَرٌّ يَوْمَ أَخَذَ الْمِيثَاقَ عَلَى الذَّرِّ وَالاقْرَارَ لَهُ بِالرُّبُوبِيَّةِ وَلِمُحَمَّدٍ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) بِالنُّبُوَّةِ.


1. Muhammad ibn ya‘qub al-Kulayni has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Hassan and Ali ibn Muhammad from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn Mahbub from ibn Al-Ri’ab from Bukayr ibn ‘A‘yan who has said the following. “Abu Ja‘far (a.s.) used to say, “Allah made our Shi‘a (followers) to acknowledge our Wilaya Leadership with Divine Authority) when they were only in the realm of small particles. It was the day when Allah made the small particles to acknowledge Him as the Lord and Muhammad (s.a) as His prophet.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (160/ 5)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْجَعْفَرِيِّ عَنْ ابي جعفر (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) وَعَنْ عُقْبَةَ عَنْ ابي جعفر (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الله خَلَقَ الْخَلْقَ فَخَلَقَ مَا أَحَبَّ مِمَّا أَحَبَّ وَكَانَ مَا أَحَبَّ أَنْ خَلَقَهُ مِنْ طِينَةِ الْجَنَّةِ وَخَلَقَ مَا أَبْغَضَ مِمَّا أَبْغَضَ وَكَانَ مَا أَبْغَضَ أَنْ خَلَقَهُ مِنْ طِينَةِ النَّارِ ثُمَّ بَعَثَهُمْ فِي الظِّلالِ فَقُلْتُ وَأَيُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ الظِّلالُ قَالَ أَ لَمْ تَرَ إِلَى ظِلِّكَ فِي الشَّمْسِ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَلَيْسَ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ ثُمَّ بَعَثَ الله فِيهِمُ النَّبِيِّينَ يَدْعُونَهُمْ إِلَى الاقْرَارِ بِالله وَهُوَ قَوْلُهُ وَلَئِنْ سَأَلْتَهُمْ مَنْ خَلَقَهُمْ لَيَقُولُنَّ الله ثُمَّ دَعَاهُمْ إِلَى الاقْرَارِ بِالنَّبِيِّينَ فَأَقَرَّ بَعْضُهُمْ وَأَنْكَرَ بَعْضُهُمْ ثُمَّ دَعَاهُمْ إِلَى وَلايَتِنَا فَأَقَرَّ بِهَا وَالله مَنْ أَحَبَّ وَأَنْكَرَهَا مَنْ أَبْغَضَ وَهُوَ قَوْلُهُ فَما كانُوا لِيُؤْمِنُوا بِما كَذَّبُوا بِهِ مِنْ قَبْلُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) كَانَ التَّكْذِيبُ ثَمَّ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il ibn Bazi‘ from Salih ibn ‘Uqba from ‘Abdallah ibn Muhammad al-Ja‘fari from abu Ja‘far (a.s.) and ‘Uqba from abu Ja‘far (a.s.) who has said the following. “Allah created the creatures. He created whatever He loved from whatever He loved. The most beloved to Him He created from the clay of paradise. He created whatever He disliked from whatever He disliked. Thus, the most disliked to Him He created from the clay of fire. Then He sent them to the shadow.” I asked him, “What is the shadow?” The Imam (a.s.) said, “Have you not seen your own shadow in the sun that when look at it is nothing. Allah then sent to them the prophets who called them to acknowledge Allah as the creator. This is the meaning of His words. “(Muhammad), if you ask them, “Who had created them (idols)?” They will certainly say, “God has created them.. .”? (43:87) Then He called them to acknowledge the prophets. Some of them acknowledged and other did not acknowledge. Then He called them to acknowledge our Wilaya. Those whom He loved, by Allah, acknowledged and those whom He disliked did not acknowledge as He has said, “However, how could the people believe what they had previously called lies?. .” (10:74) Abu Ja‘far (a.s.) then said, “Refusal to acknowledge was then and there.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/161)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ سَلَمَةَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ سَيْفٍ عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ عَامِرٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ رِزْقٍ الْغُمْشَانِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ وَلايَتُنَا وَلايَةُ الله الَّتِي لَمْ يَبْعَثْ نَبِيّاً قَطُّ إِلا بِهَا.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from from Salma ibn al-Khattab from Ali ibn Sayf from al-‘Abbass ibn ‘Amir from Ahmad ibn rizq al-Ghumushani from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following. “Our Wilaya is the Wilaya of Allah without which no prophet was ever send.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: كالسابق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/164)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الاعْلَى قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ مَا مِنْ نَبِيٍّ جَاءَ قَطُّ إِلا بِمَعْرِفَةِ حَقِّنَا وَتَفْضِيلِنَا عَلَى مَنْ سِوَانَا.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il ibn Bazi‘ from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from abu al-Sabbah al-Kinani who has said the following. “I heard abu Ja‘far (a.s.) say, “By Allah, in the heavens there are seventy lines of angles. Even if all the inhabitant of earth would try to count them they will not be able to count them. All of these angels acknowledge our Wilaya (Leadership with Divine Authority).”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5/164)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ عَنْ ابي جعفر (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ وَالله إِنَّ فِي السَّمَاءِ لَسَبْعِينَ صَفّاً مِنَ الْمَلائِكَةِ لَوِ اجْتَمَعَ أَهْلُ الارْضِ كُلُّهُمْ يُحْصُونَ عَدَدَ كُلِّ صَفٍّ مِنْهُمْ مَا أَحْصَوْهُمْ وَإِنَّهُمْ لَيَدِينُونَ بِوَلايَتِنَا.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from abu al-Hassan (a.s.) who has said the following. “Wilaya of Ali (a.s.) (Leadership with Divine Authority) is written in all the lines of the prophets. Allah never sent any of His messengers who would not acknowledge the prophet-hood Muhammad (s.a) and Ali (a.s.) as the executor of his will.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: كالسابق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (164/ 5)



6ـ مُحَمَّدٌ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ وَلايَةُ علي (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) مَكْتُوبَةٌ فِي جَمِيعِ صُحُفِ الانْبِيَاءِ وَلَنْ يَبْعَثَ الله رَسُولاً إِلا بِنُبُوَّةِ مُحَمَّدٍ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَوَصِيِّهِ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام )


6. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Jumhur who has said that Yunus narrated to him from Hammad ibn ‘Uthman from al-Fudayl ibn yasar from abu Ja‘far (a.s.) who has said the following. “Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most gracious has appointed Ali (a.s.) as a light house between His-self and His creatures. Whoever would recognize him he will be a believer and whoever would not recognize him will be an unbeliever. Those who would be ignorant of him they would be lost. Those who would consider others like would be Mushrik (considering those who do not have any Divine Authority as having Divine Authority). Those who would come with his Wilaya they would be admitted in paradise.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (165/ 5)



7ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ جُمْهُورٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا يُونُسُ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنِ الْفُضَيْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ عَنْ ابي جعفر (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ نَصَبَ عَلِيّاً (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَلَماً بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ خَلْقِهِ فَمَنْ عَرَفَهُ كَانَ مُؤْمِناً وَمَنْ أَنْكَرَهُ كَانَ كَافِراً وَمَنْ جَهِلَهُ كَانَ ضَالاً وَمَنْ نَصَبَ مَعَهُ شَيْئاً كَانَ مُشْرِكاً وَمَنْ جَاءَ بِوَلايَتِهِ دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ.


7. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla ibn Muhammad from al-Washsha’ from ‘Abdallah ibn Sinan from abu Hamza who has said the following. “Iheard abu Ja‘far (a.s.) say, “Ali (a.s.) is a door that Allah has opened. Those who would enter this door will be true believers and those who would go out of it they would unbelievers. Those who would neither go out nor enter they will be of the category about whom Allah has said, “I have a decision to make.” Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from ibn al-Ri’ab from Bukayr ibn ‘A‘yan who has said the following. “Abu Ja‘far (a.s.) would say, “Allah made our Shi‘a to make a covenant to acknowledge our Wilaya (Leadership with Divine Authority) when they were small particles. It was the day when He made all particles to make a covenant to acknowledge Him as the Lord and Muhammad (s.a) as the Prophet. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most gracious, presented to Muhammad his ’Umma (followers) in clay and they were shadows. He created them from the clay out of which Adam was created. Allah created the spirits of our Shi‘a two thousand years before their bodies were created. He presented them to the Holy Prophet (s.a) and the Messenger of Allah recognized them. Ali (a.s.) recognized and we recognize them by their accent.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (165/ 5)