26. Chapter on Wish and Will

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ الدَّيْلَمِيِّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْهَاشِمِيِّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى بْنَ جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهما السَّلام) يَقُولُ لا يَكُونُ شَيْ‏ءٌ إِلا مَا شَاءَ الله وَأَرَادَ وَقَدَّرَ وَقَضَى قُلْتُ مَا مَعْنَى شَاءَ قَالَ ابْتِدَاءُ الْفِعْلِ قُلْتُ مَا مَعْنَى قَدَّرَ قَالَ تَقْدِيرُ الشَّيْ‏ءِ مِنْ طُولِهِ وَعَرْضِهِ قُلْتُ مَا مَعْنَى قَضَى قَالَ إِذَا قَضَى أَمْضَاهُ فَذَلِكَ الَّذِي لا مَرَدَّ لَهُ.


1. It is narrated from Ali ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Abdallah from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abdallah from his father from Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Daylami from Ali ibn Ibrahim al-Hashimi who has said the following. “I heard abu al-Hassan Musa ibn Ja‘far (a.s.) saying, ‘There can nothing until Allah would wish it to be, will, measure and decree.” I asked what is the meaning of wish (Sha’a)? The Imam replied, “It is to begin the act.” I asked, “What is the meaning of measure (Qaddara)? The Imam replied, “It is measuring the length and the width of something.” I asked what is the meaning of decree (Qada)? The Imam replied, “When He decrees He lets it happen and this is when it becomes unavoidable to happen.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (155/ 2)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لابِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) شَاءَ وَأَرَادَ وَقَدَّرَ وَقَضَى قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ وَأَحَبَّ قَالَ لا قُلْتُ وَكَيْفَ شَاءَ وَأَرَادَ وَقَدَّرَ وَقَضَى وَلَمْ يُحِبَّ قَالَ هَكَذَا خَرَجَ إِلَيْنَا.


2. It is narrated from Ali ibn Ibrahim from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman from Aban from abu Basir who has said the following. “asked abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) about, “(Allah) Wished, Willed, Measured and Decreed.” The Imam said, “Yes.” I asked, “Did He love?” The Imam said, “No.” I asked, “How is it that He wished, willed measured and decreed but did not love?” The Imam said, “This is how it has come to us.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/155)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَعْبَدٍ عَنْ وَاصِلِ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ أَمَرَ الله وَلَمْ يَشَأْ وَشَاءَ وَلَمْ يَأْمُرْ أَمَرَ إِبْلِيسَ أَنْ يَسْجُدَ لآِدَمَ وَشَاءَ أَنْ لا يَسْجُدَ وَلَوْ شَاءَ لَسَجَدَ وَنَهَى آدَمَ عَنْ أَكْلِ الشَّجَرَةِ وَشَاءَ أَنْ يَأْكُلَ مِنْهَا وَلَوْ لَمْ يَشَأْ لَمْ يَأْكُلْ.


3. It is narrated from Ali ibn Ibrahim from his father from Aloi ibn Ma‘bad from Wasil ibn Sulayman from ‘Abdallah ibn Sinan who has said the following. “I hear Imam abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) saying, “Allah commanded but did not want. He wanted but did not command. He commanded Satan to prostrate but He did not want it. If He wanted Satan would have prostrated. He prohibited Adam from eating of the tree and wanted him to eat. Had He not wanted he would not have ate.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (157/ 2)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنِ الْمُخْتَارِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْهَمْدَانِيِّ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْحَسَنِ الْعَلَوِيِّ جَمِيعاً عَنِ الْفَتْحِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ الْجُرْجَانِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ لله إِرَادَتَيْنِ وَمَشِيئَتَيْنِ إِرَادَةَ حَتْمٍ وَإِرَادَةَ عَزْمٍ يَنْهَى وَهُوَ يَشَاءُ وَيَأْمُرُ وَهُوَ لا يَشَاءُ أَ وَمَا رَأَيْتَ أَنَّهُ نَهَى آدَمَ وَزَوْجَتَهُ أَنْ يَأْكُلا مِنَ الشَّجَرَةِ وَشَاءَ ذَلِكَ وَلَوْ لَمْ يَشَأْ أَنْ يَأْكُلا لَمَا غَلَبَتْ مَشِيئَتُهُمَا مَشِيئَةَ الله تَعَالَى وَأَمَرَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ أَنْ يَذْبَحَ إِسْحَاقَ وَلَمْ يَشَأْ أَنْ يَذْبَحَهُ وَلَوْ شَاءَ لَمَا غَلَبَتْ مَشِيئَةُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ مَشِيئَةَ الله تَعَالَى.


4. It is narrated from Ali ibn Ibrahim from al-Mukhtar ibn Muhammad al-Hamadani and Muhammad ibn al-Hassan from ‘Abdallah ibn al-Hassan al-‘Alawi altogether from al-Fath ibn Yazid al-Jurjani from abu al-Hassan (a.s.) who has said the following. “Allah has two wills and two wishes. He has a definite will and an intended will. He prohibits but He wants it. He commands but He does not want it. Consider that He prohibited Adam and his spouse from eating of the tree but He wanted them to eat. Had He not wanted their wish would not have surpassed Allah’s wish. He commanded Ibrahim to slaughter Ishaq but He did not want it to happen. Had He wanted it the wish of Ibrahim would not have surpassed the wish of Allah, the Most High.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (161/ 2)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَعْبَدٍ عَنْ دُرُسْتَ بْنِ أَبِي مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ فُضَيْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ شَاءَ وَأَرَادَ وَلَمْ يُحِبَّ وَلَمْ يَرْضَ شَاءَ أَنْ لا يَكُونَ شَيْ‏ءٌ إِلا بِعِلْمِهِ وَأَرَادَ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ وَلَمْ يُحِبَّ أَنْ يُقَالَ ثَالِثُ ثَلاثَةٍ وَلَمْ يَرْضَ لِعِبَادِهِ الْكُفْرَ.


5. It is narrated from Ali ibn Ibrahim from his father from Ali ibn Ma‘bad from Durost ibn abu Mansur from Fudayl ibn Yasar who has said the following. “I heard Imam abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) saying, ‘He wanted and willed and did not love and did not agree. He wanted something nor to happen except in His knowledge and He willed in the same way but He did not love it to be said, “The third of the three and He did not agree that His servants become unbelievers.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (162/ 2)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ الله يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ بِمَشِيئَتِي كُنْتَ أَنْتَ الَّذِي تَشَاءُ لِنَفْسِكَ مَا تَشَاءُ وَبِقُوَّتِي أَدَّيْتَ فَرَائِضِي وَبِنِعْمَتِي قَوِيتَ عَلَى مَعْصِيَتِي جَعَلْتُكَ سَمِيعاً بَصِيراً قَوِيّاً مَا أَصَابَكَ مِنْ حَسَنَةٍ فَمِنَ الله وَمَا أَصَابَكَ مِنْ سَيِّئَةٍ فَمِنْ نَفْسِكَ وَذَاكَ أَنِّي أَوْلَى بِحَسَنَاتِكَ مِنْكَ وَأَنْتَ أَوْلَى بِسَيِّئَاتِكَ مِنِّي وَذَاكَ أَنَّنِي لا أُسْأَلُ عَمَّا أَفْعَلُ وَهُمْ يُسْأَلُونَ.


6. It is narrated from Muhammad ibn Yahya from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Nasr who has that Imam abul Hassan al-Rida has said the following. “Allah said, ‘O son of Adam through My wish you came into existence and it is you who wish for yourself whatever you wish. Through My power you fulfill your obligations and through My bounties you receive strength to disobey Me. I made you made you to hear and see and be strong. Whatever good you receive is from Allah and whatever evil afflicts you is from your own-self. It is because I have priority to your good deeds and you have priority to your bad deeds. This is because I Ahmad ibn Muhammad not asked what I do but they are questioned ffor what they do.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/162)